Elections for the Council in the London Borough of Croydon are held every four years to elect 70 councillors. At the last elections, which were held in May 2014, 30 Conservative councillors and 40 Labour councillors, providing a Labour majority of ten seats.
At the 2002 local elections, 37 Labour councillors, 32 Conservative councillors and one Liberal Democrat councillor were elected, maintaining Labour control of the Council. Subsequently one Conservative councillor defected to Labour, defected back to the Conservatives, became an independent and then a Liberal Democrat. Following the death of one Labour councillor and the resignation of two councillors, three by-elections were won by the incumbent party in each case. A 6% swing from Labour to Conservative was seen in the last two in the run-up to the 2006 elections. However, following the Conservatives' victory in 2006, a February 2007 by-election saw a large swing back to Labour.
In 2002, Labour held Croydon with a tiny majority of votes in its marginal wards - one councillor won by just eight votes - and it was inevitable that in the 2006 election the fight would be keenly fought and closely observed. In the end, the Conservatives won 43 seats on the Council, defeating the lone Liberal Democrat and taking ten Labour seats in Waddon, Addiscombe, South Norwood and Upper Norwood.
In 2010, Labour gained six seats (net) from the Conservatives, reducing the Conservative majority on the Council to four seats.
The 24 electoral wards of the London Borough of Croydon
There are 24 wards which represent Croydon Council. All Croydon Council seats were up for re-election for the first time since the 2002 elections, during the election on 4 May 2006. Previously Labour held control of the council. In the election, the Conservatives took 10 seats from Labour and one from the Liberal Democrats. Since the election, Cllr Mike Mogul defected from Labour to the Conservatives adding another Conservative councillor, whilst Cllr Enley Taylor left the Conservative Group and Cllr Jonathan Driver, the Mayor at the time, died.
In the 2010 elections Labour gained six seats from the Conservatives, giving the council's political composition as: