Croydon transmitting station

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Croydon
Croydon Transmitter.JPG
Croydon transmitting station is located in Greater London
Croydon transmitting station
Height of tower 152 metres (499 ft)
Grid reference TQ332696
Built 1955 (original tower)
1962 (current tower)
BBC region BBC London (backup)
ITV region ITV London (backup)

The Croydon transmitting station (also known as the NTL Tower) is a broadcasting and telecommunications facility on Beulah Hill[1] in Upper Norwood, London, England (grid reference TQ332696), in the London Borough of Croydon, owned by Arqiva. It was established in 1955 and initially used a small lattice tower. The present tower is 152 metres (499 ft) high and was built in 1962.

It was originally used to broadcast the London ITV signal on VHF Band III. When UHF broadcasting began, the nearby Crystal Palace transmitting station was used. VHF television was discontinued in 1985, and the Croydon transmitter was not used for regular TV broadcasting until 1997, when a new directional UHF antenna, designed to avoid interference with continental transmitters, was installed to carry the newly launched Channel 5 in the London area. It carried Channel 5's analogue signal, and the digital terrestrial signal is transmitted from Crystal Palace. Croydon also had reserve transmitters for ITV1 and Channel 4, but these were used only in the event of engineering works or a failure at Crystal Palace. Since the digital switchover in April 2012 no television has been broadcast from Croydon, but it is still used as a backup for Crystal Palace for the BBC A & B and Digital 3&4 multiplexes.

The site is also a maintenance base for transmitter teams and is used to house one of four Regional Operations Centres.

Channels listed by frequency[edit]

Croydon transmitter at sunset.

Analogue radio (FM VHF)[edit]

Frequency kW Service
94.9 MHz BBC London 94.9
95.8 MHz 4 Capital London
97.3 MHz 4 LBC 97.3
100.0 MHz 4 Kiss
102.2 MHz 4 Smooth Radio
105.4 MHz 4 Magic 105.4 FM
106.2 MHz 4 Heart London

† Backup for Crystal Palace.

Digital radio (DAB)[edit]

Frequency Block kW Operator
218.640 MHz 11B 2.5 DRG London
227.360 MHz 12C 5 CE London

Analogue television[edit]

22 September 1955 - 3 January 1985[edit]

ITV franchises Associated-Rediffusion (weekdays) and Associated Television (weekends) began transmitting on VHF 9 on 22 September 1955, and were the first ITV services. The transmitter's power was originally 60 kW but after the new tower was built in 1962 this was increased to 400 kW. Thames Television and London Weekend Television took over the London franchise area in 1968. The VHF analogue service closed down, along with the rest of the UK, on 3 January 1985.

Frequency VHF kW Service
194.75 MHz 9 400 Rediffusion/ATV (1955-1968)
Thames/LWT (1968-1985)

30 March 1997 - 18 April 2012[edit]

Channel 5 launched on 30 March 1997 with transmissions from Croydon and many other former VHF sites in the UK. Backup for ITV1 and Channel 4 was later added in case they were not available from Crystal Palace.

Frequency UHF kW Service
487.25 MHz 23 ITV1
543.25 MHz 30 Channel 4
599.25 MHz 37 1000 Channel 5

† Backup for Crystal Palace.

Digital television[edit]

18 April 2012 - present[edit]

Since 18 April 2012, no television has been broadcast from Croydon. However, backup for the PSB multiplexes BBC A & B and Digital 3&4 are available should there be a problem at Crystal Palace.

Frequency UHF kW Service System
490.000 MHz 23 200 BBC A† DVB-T
514.000 MHz 26 200 Digital 3&4 DVB-T
545.833 MHz 30- 200 BBC B† DVB-T2

† Backup for Crystal Palace.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°24′35″N 0°5′9″W / 51.40972°N 0.08583°W / 51.40972; -0.08583