Crumpsall

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Crumpsall
Crumpsall Park - geograph.org.uk - 2966.jpg
The obelisk in Crumpsall Park
Crumpsall is located in Greater Manchester
Crumpsall
Crumpsall
 Crumpsall shown within Greater Manchester
Population 11,363 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SD838026
Metropolitan borough Manchester
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town MANCHESTER
Postcode district M8
Dialling code 0161
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Blackley and Broughton
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester

Coordinates: 53°31′00″N 2°14′30″W / 53.5167°N 2.2417°W / 53.5167; -2.2417

Crumpsall is a suburban area and electoral ward of the city of Manchester, in Greater Manchester, England. It is about 3 miles (5 km) north of Manchester city centre. The area is adjacent to the Cheetham Hill, Blackley and Harpurhey wards of the City of Manchester, Broughton of the City of Salford and Prestwich town of the Metropolitan Borough of Bury.

Historically part of Lancashire, Crumpsall was a township within the parish of Manchester, Salford Hundred.

It is the location of North Manchester General Hospital. This was previously three hospitals: Crumpsall Hospital (a general hospital), Springfield Hospital (a psychiatric hospital) and Delaunay's Hospital (a geriatric hospital).

History[edit]

Main article: History of Manchester

The name Crumpsall derives from old English and means a "crooked piece of land beside a river".[1] Crumpsall was rural in character during the early part of the 19th century, however, the necessity to house Manchester's growing population of mill workers saw the area become more urbanised. Crumpsall was incorporated into the city of Manchester in 1890.[1]

Crumpsall Hall was the seat of the Chethams and subsequently passed to the Waklyns. The Manchester workhouse was built after the formation of the Poor Law Unions in 1837.[2]

The Co-operative Wholesale Society opened the Crumpsall Biscuit Works in Lower Crumpsall around 1873.[3]

In January 2003 Detective Constable Stephen Oake, a Greater Manchester Police officer, was fatally stabbed whilst arresting a suspected terrorist in a house on Crumpsall Lane.[4]

Governance[edit]

Further information: Manchester City Council

Crumpsall was a township or civil parish in the Salford Hundred in the historic county of Lancashire. It was part of the Manchester Poor Law Union (PLU) between 1841 and 1850, the Prestwich PLU from 1850 to 1915, and again in the Manchester PLU from 1915 to 1930. In 1854 a Local Board of Health was established for the area of the township. In 1890 the township was incorporated into the city of Manchester.[5]

Crumpsall is represented on Manchester City Council by three Labour Councillors, Sir Richard Leese, who is currently leader of Manchester City Council, Jon-Leigh Pritchard and Con Keegan.[6] It is also part of the Blackley and Broughton parliamentary constituency (formerly Manchester Blackley), and has been represented by Labour MP Graham Stringer since 1997.

Economy[edit]

Crumpsall has only a few small shops. Most of these have been recently renovated and are on Lansdowne Road.

Crumpsall is largely composed of houses and schools with little commerce or industry.

Geography[edit]

Further information: Geography of Greater Manchester

Crumpsall is divided into Higher and Lower Crumpsall. Lower Crumpsall is situated in the Irk Valley, which forms its northern boundary with the neighbouring suburb of Blackley at Tetlow Bridge.[7]

The main routes through the district are Crescent Road, Cravenwood Road, Delaunay's Road, Cleveland Road, Crumpsall Lane, Middleton Road, Lansdowne Road (the main shopping area with the post office), one half of Bury Old Road between Melton Road and Crescent Road (the other side of the road being in the Higher Broughton area of Salford) and Ash Tree Road (bounded on the east side by Crumpsall Park).

Demography[edit]

'Demography of Crumpsall'[8]
UK Census 2001 Crumpsall Manchester England
Total population 11,363 392,819 49,138,831
White or White British 67% 81% 91%
Asian or Asian British 18% 9% 5%
Black or Black British 3% 5% 2%
Other 1% 2% 0.89%

According to the 2001 national census, the ward has a population of 11,363,[9] and religious affiliation was the following:

  • Christian - 52.05%
  • Muslim - 17.26%
  • Jewish - 8.99%
  • Sikh - 1.00%
  • No religion or other (including Buddhist and Hindu) - 20.47%

Religion[edit]

Parish church of St Matthew with St Mary on Cleveland Road

St Thomas's Church was founded in 1863 and after the closure of St Mark's in Cheetham in 1982 its dedication was changed to St Thomas with St. Mark.[10] There is a war memorial[11] in the churchyard commemorating those who died in the First World War.

In Higher Crumpsall, there are several places of worship including St Anne's Catholic Church, Crumpsall Methodist Church, St Matthew with St Mary CofE Church[12] and Heaton Park Hebrew Congregation Synagogue.

Education[edit]

Primary education is provided by Cravenwood Primary Academy, Crumpsall Lane Primary School, St Anne's RC Primary School, King David's Infant School, King David's Junior School and St Thomas' Primary School. Secondary education is provided by King David's High School and Abraham Moss High School, the latter of which is part of the Abraham Moss Learning Centre. The King David schools are targeted at Greater Manchester's Orthodox Jewish community, whilst St Anne's is a Roman Catholic institution.

Crumpsall Lane Primary School is a two form entry school with two reception classes and a nursery. The head teacher is Sally Barrett.

The Abraham Moss Leisure Centre hosts the only college in the area and forms part of the Manchester College network of further education institutions. It was previously part of the network of City College Manchester colleges, before the merger with MANCAT on the 1 August 2008.[13]

Transport[edit]

Crumpsall is currently served by four stations on Manchester Metrolink's Bury line. Crumpsall Metrolink station on Station Road is located in the centre of the ward, whilst Bowker Vale station lies to the north eastern extremity on Middleton Road and borders Higher Blackley. Though lying just outside the ward's borders in Cheetham, Woodlands Road Metrolink station serves the southern extremity of the ward, and lies close to the Abraham Moss Leisure Centre and Crumpsall Library. Abraham Moss Metrolink station was opened in spring 2011 and Woodlands Road station has since been reduced to weekday daytime hours only whilst consultation continues about its closure.[14]

First Greater Manchester, Bluebird and JPT amongst other private companies operate regular bus services through the ward, via North Manchester General Hospital and onwards to Manchester city centre and other areas of Greater Manchester.

Voluntary organisations[edit]

The Friends of Crumpsall Park oversee the development and well-being of the park in conjunction with the city council, Manchester Leisure and the police. They also organise the annual Crumpsall Carnival which takes place on the last Sunday in June.[15]

Notable people[edit]

Sir Humphrey Chetham was born in Crumpsall in 1580, the son of a successful Manchester merchant who lived in Crumpsall Hall. He was responsible for the creation of Chetham's Hospital (now Chetham's School of Music) and Chetham's Library, the oldest public library in the English-speaking world,[16] and located in the city centre.

The folk singer, comedian and broadcaster Mike Harding, was born in the area in 1944.[17]

The Moors murderess Myra Hindley was born in Crumpsall in 1942.[18]

Howard Jacobson was brought up in Crumpsall and some of his novels, Kalooki Nights and The Mighty Walzer feature descriptions of Jewish life in the area.[19]

Actor and singer Don Estelle (Gunner "Lofty" Sugden in It Ain't Half Hot Mum), real name Ronald Edwards, was born and brought up in Crumpsall.[20]

Jason Orange of band Take That was born at North Manchester General Hospital in Crumpsall.[21]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Crumpsall: Districts and suburbs of Manchester Retrieved on 08 September 2009
  2. ^ Crumpsall, retrieved 28 June 2010 
  3. ^ Co-operative Wholesale Society, retrieved 28 June 2010 
  4. ^ Harper, Smyth (15 January 2003). "Suburb in shock over killing". BBC News. Retrieved 13 February 2010. 
  5. ^ Greater Manchester Gazetteer, Greater Manchester County Record Office, archived from the original on 18 July 2011, retrieved 28 June 2011 
  6. ^ Crumpsall Labour Blog Retrieved on 26 november 2008
  7. ^ http://www.tetlow.co.uk/tetlow_bridge.htm tetlow.co.uk
  8. ^ United Kingdom Census 2001 (2001). "Area: Crumpsall (Ward)". neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 26 August 2009. 
  9. ^ Office for National Statistics: Neighbourhood statistics: Crumspall Ward Retrieved on 21 September 2008
  10. ^ St Thomas, Crumpsall - Church of England, retrieved 28 June 2010 
  11. ^ http://www.ukniwm.org.uk/server/show/conMemorial.18508 uknowm.org.uk
  12. ^ http://www.achurchnearyou.com/crumpsall-st-matthew-st-mary0/
  13. ^ "City College Manchester - Merger News Q&A". City College Manchester. Retrieved 25 April 2008. [dead link]
  14. ^ "Consultation on Woodlands Road Metrolink station closure by the Department for Transport 2011". Retrieved 28 June 2011. 
  15. ^ Friends of Crumpsall Park
  16. ^ "BBC - Radio 4 You and Yours -Chetham's Library". Retrieved 6 January 2008. 
  17. ^ Mike Harding Biography Retrieved 13-02.2010
  18. ^ "Obituary: Myra Hindley". BBC News. 15 November 2002. Retrieved 13 February 2010. 
  19. ^ Cooke, Rachel (25 June 2006). "Still angry after all these years". The Observer (London). Retrieved 13 February 2010. 
  20. ^ Byrne, Michael (5 August 2003). "Farewell to screen star 'Lofty' Don". Rochdale Observer (M.E.N. Media). Retrieved 13 February 2010. 
  21. ^ Anon. "Jason orange". Take That appreciation pages. Retrieved 19 July 2010.