|Also known as||Sons Of Angels|
|Origin||Japan and United States|
|Genres||Hard rock, alternative metal, alternative rock, ska metal|
|Labels||Wave Master Entertainment, Frontiers Records, Victor Entertainment|
|Past members||Naoto Shibata
Crush 40, formerly known as Sons of Angels, is a Japanese-American hard rock band formed in 1997. The core of the group consists of guitarist and composer Jun Senoue and vocalist Johnny Gioeli. Currently, their line-up for live shows also includes bassist Takeshi Taneda and drummer Toru Kawamura, and they are also present on recent songs.
Crush 40 has released two studio albums, an EP, a live album, and a compilation album. The group debuted with the album Thrill Of The Feel, which included the songs they did for NASCAR Arcade and Sonic Adventure, released exclusively in the Japanese market through Victor Entertainment.
The main songwriter for Crush 40 is Johnny Gioeli, while the main composer of the songs is Jun Senoue.
Formation and Thrill of the Feel 
Crush 40 began with Jun Senoue and Sega. After graduating from college, Jun Senoue was hired to be a music composer for video games. His first project was creating two songs for Sonic the Hedgehog 3. He worked on games such as Dark Wizard, Sonic 3D Blast (Sega Mega Drive version), Sega Rally 2, and Daytona USA: Championship Circuit Edition.
In 1998, Senoue contacted Johnny Gioeli during the recording process for the game Sonic Adventure, and recorded their first song, Open Your Heart. After making the track, the two stayed in contact.
The original band had Senoue as the guitarist, Gioeli singing, and Naoto Shibata and Hirotsugu Homma playing the bass and drums, respectively. In 2000, the band released Thrill of the Feel through Victor Entertainment. The album contained the tracks they had written for NASCAR Arcade.
Several changes and Crush 40 
The band resurfaced during the development of Sonic Adventure 2. Naoto Shibata and Hirotsugu Homma could not take part because they were performing with Loudness and later Anthem, so Katsuji and Takeshi Taneda were brought in to play the songs for the game. The resulting track was "Live and Learn", the main theme of Sonic Adventure 2.
When the Norwegian band "Sons of Angels" reunited under this alias that they had before, they decided to change their band's name to Crush 40. When asked why he chose "Crush 40", he said, "When we had to pick one, we chose the word we like…“Crush” is one of them, and Johnny added the number. Crush is the name of the soda too…that's my favorite!"
Two years after the release of Sonic Adventure 2, the album Crush 40, a version of "Thrill of the Feel", was released by Frontiers Records. The album contained the music from their previous album, but without the album's instrumental tracks. Senoue claimed that Crush 40 was the project of himself and Gioeli. There were, however, both prior Sonic theme songs "Open Your Heart" and "Live and Learn", as well as two bonus tracks: "It Doesn't Matter" and "Escape from the City".
Continued work with Sega 
Crush 40 did not release any new albums between 2003 and 2009, instead, the band wrote and recorded original music for several video games. The songs the band performed for these games were released on the soundtracks of each game, under Sega's Wave Master Entertainment label.
In 2003, Sega announced the first multiplatform Sonic game, Sonic Heroes, which featured two new Crush 40 songs: the theme tune "Sonic Heroes", a "bright, melodic song", and "What I'm Made Of...", a "distinctly dark hard rock song with metal sensibilities". The music itself was also released on the Triple Threat: Sonic Heroes Vocal Trax soundtrack. In the booklet for Triple Threat: Sonic Heroes Vocal Trax, Katsuji is credited as the drummer for "Sonic Heroes", but Mark Schulman is credited as the drummer for "What I'm Made Of..."
When Sega announced Shadow the Hedgehog in 2005, Crush 40 returned to perform the game's theme song, "I Am... All of Me". There is a second song by Crush 40 in the game, the ending theme named "Never Turn Back". Both of these songs also appear on the soundtrack called Lost and Found: Shadow the Hedgehog Vocal Trax. For Crush 40's contributions to this soundtrack, the drumming duties were passed on to Toru Kawamura, who remains the band's current drummer to this day.
Crush 40 also made contributions to Sonic the Hedgehog 2006. The band created its own rendition of "All Hail Shadow", previously performed by Magna-Fi in the game Shadow the Hedgehog. Crush 40 also recorded a version of "His World", the main theme of Sonic the Hedgehog in 2006. The latter of these two did not appear in the game, but both of these songs are on this game's soundtrack, Sonic the Hedgehog Vocal Traxx: Several Wills.
The band also contributed several of its songs, including "Live and Learn" and "Sonic Heroes", to the video games Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games and Super Smash Bros. Brawl. The song was also featured in an episode of the Japanese version of Sonic X.
In 2008, the album True Blue: The Best of Sonic the Hedgehog was released in Japan, and featured Crush 40's cover of the Sonic and the Secret Rings theme "Seven Rings in Hand", originally performed by Steve Conte. Also included on the album are Crush 40 songs "Live and Learn" (2007 Remastered Version)", "What I'm Made Of..." (2007 Remastered Version), "Sonic Heroes", two versions of "Open Your Heart", two versions of "It Doesn't Matter" (with Tony Harnell), and "Escape from the City" (with Ted Poley and Tony Harnell). The band record several songs for Sonic and the Black Knight, including the game's main theme, Knight of the Wind.
In 2010, Johnny Gioeli confirmed that Crush 40 was collaborating with Sega once again for Sonic Generations, released in November 2011 to coincide with the series 20th Anniversary. Two of the tracks are 'remix' renditions of "Open Your Heart" and "Escape from the City".
Super Sonic Songs, Rise Again, Live! and recent appearances. 
In 2008, Jun Senoue and Johnny Gioeli performed their first ever live concert, at the Tokyo Game Show. Later, in 2009, the band released a compilation album through Wave Master, called The Best of Crush 40 – Super Sonic Songs, covering the band's 11-year history. It featured a new song, "Is It You," and two new cover songs: "Fire Woman" (originally by The Cult) and "Un-gravitify" (originally from Sonic Riders: Zero Gravity).
In 2010, Crush 40 performed live at the third Summer of Sonic convention, which was held at the Shepherd's Bush Pavilion in London. It was the band's first ever concert outside of Japan, and also their first full-length concert. Senoue and Gioeli also hosted a live Q&A session at the event, where they answered fan questions from the audience and questions submitted online. Johnny Gioeli announced that they were planning concerts in Japan for 2011. This was supposed to happen on April 2, but has been postponed to July 30 and 31, due to the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami. In these concerts, they performed live with bass player Takeshi Taneda and drummer Toru Kawamura, and revealed their new song, "Song of Hope", a single dedicated to the victims of the natural disaster. Crush 40 also appeared at the Sonic Boom Event, performing a concert where they revealed another song, "Sonic Boom", featuring Alex Mahklouf of the group Cash Cash.
In late 2011, most of the band's material was released on iTunes. These included The Best of Crush 40 - Super Sonic Songs and the charity single "Song of Hope." As of January 23, 2012, they have finished three new songs: "Rise Again," "One of Those Days," and "Sonic Youth". These songs were released on iTunes as singles.
Their four singles were later released in physical format as an EP called "Rise Again".
On the 7th and 13th of July 2012, Crush 40 performed at two Sonic conventions, the first one was on the 7th of July at the Summer of Sonic event in Brighton and the 2nd show was at Sonic Boom in the US on the 13th of July during the San Diego Comic Con where they teamed up with Alex and Jean Paul Makhlouf of synthpop band Cash Cash.
Musical style 
In a review of their self-titled album, the band's style was referred to as "melodic hard rock, somewhere between XYZ and Burning Rain" by Bjørnar Bevolden of ProgressiveWorld.net. Among the songs of this album is "Live and Learn", a "cool in your face rocker", according to Michael of RevelationZ Magazine. However, Crush 40 has also experimented with other forms of rock music. For example, "I Am (All of Me)" is a darker song with elements similar to heavy metal.
When interviewed about his style and that of the band, Jun Senoue said, "I know what my style is, and I know what my favourite genres of music are. I listen to a lot of metal music, as well as other genres of music, and my inspiration is always there. The style of the music in the game does change, and it gives a great sense of progression... When we got together to write stuff for Shadow, we found that our fresh ideas were a lot different to the songs we’d written back in 2002 – our sound had changed."
Thrill of the Feel 
|Thrill of the Feel|
|Studio album by Sons of Angels|
|Released||March 23, 2000|
Thrill of the Feel is the first album by Crush 40. It is the only album released under their original name, Sons of Angels. The album contains all of the tracks that the band recorded for NASCAR Arcade. This album was released by Victor Entertainment and was released for the Japanese market. "Into the Wind" was later used on the soundtrack for Sonic & Sega All-Stars Racing on the Nintendo DS.
|1.||"The Star-Spangled Banner"||1:22|
|3.||"Into the Wind"||4:28|
|4.||"Fill It Up"||2:30|
|6.||"Rush into the Crazy World"||0:48|
|7.||"In the Lead"||4:03|
|8.||"Watch Me Fly"||5:09|
|9.||"On the Road Again"||1:40|
|11.||"When the Sun Goes Down"||1:50|
|12.||"All the Way"||4:09|
|13.||"Open Your Heart" (bonus track)||5:11|
Crush 40 
|Studio album by Crush 40|
|Released||February 18, 2003|
Crush 40 is the self-titled second album of Crush 40, released in Europe by Frontiers Records. The album is actually a European version of their first studio album,Thrill of the Feel, but does not contain any instrumental tracks. Added to the track listing are "Live and Learn" and the bonus tracks "It Doesn't Matter" featuring Tony Harnell and "Escape from the City" featuring Ted Poley and Tony Harnell.
|1.||"Live and Learn"||4:30|
|3.||"Into the Wind"||4:28|
|4.||"In the Lead"||4:02|
|5.||"Watch Me Fly"||5:08|
|8.||"All the Way"||4:09|
|9.||"Open Your Heart"||5:15|
|10.||"It Doesn't Matter" (bonus track)||4:27|
|11.||"Escape from the City" (bonus track)||2:20|
The Best of Crush 40 – Super Sonic Songs 
|The Best of Crush 40 – Super Sonic Songs|
|Compilation album by Crush 40|
|Released||November 18, 2009|
|Genre||Hard rock, alternative metal|
The Best of Crush 40 – Super Sonic Songs is the third album by Crush 40, and is also their first compilation album. The album contains songs from the Sonic the Hedgehog video game series, from their past albums and three newly recorded songs. Some of the songs have brand new mixes (although "What I'm Made Of..." had been previously included on the True Blue compilation album).
|1.||"I Am... All of Me" (New mix)||3:51|
|2.||"His World" (New mix)||5:16|
|3.||"Un-gravitify" (Cashell cover)||4:44|
|4.||"All Hail Shadow" (Magna-Fi cover)||4:01|
|5.||"Never Turn Back"||4:39|
|7.||"Into the Wind"||4:29|
|8.||"Watch Me Fly..."||5:11|
|9.||"Fire Woman" (The Cult cover)||5:16|
|11.||"What I’m Made of..."||3:44|
|13.||"Knight of the Wind" (New mix)||4:31|
|14.||"Live & Learn"||4:29|
|15.||"Open Your Heart" (New mix)||4:49|
|16.||"Is It You"||4:58|
|iTunes bonus tracks|
|17.||"Free" (Chris Madin cover)||3:21|
|18.||"With Me -Massive Power Mix-" (All Ends cover)||3:55|
|19.||"Seven Rings In Hand" (Steve Conte cover)||4:49|
Rise Again 
|EP by Crush 40|
|Released||1 August 2012|
|Genre||Hard rock, alternative rock|
Summer of Sonic 2012 Edition
|Singles from Rise Again|
Rise Again is a 4-track EP released by Crush 40 in 2012. All of the songs in it were written by Johnny Gioeli and composed by Jun Senoue. Each of the songs were released as singles.
Song Of Hope, the first single of the EP, is a song written to support and in honour of those who suffered from the earthquake and tsunami that occurred in March 2011 in Japan. It is a charity single, released on iTunes in November 2011.
Sonic Youth is considered a tribute to Crush 40's fans, as stated by Jun Senoue. The track was supposed to be released on 4 July 2012 via iTunes, alongside the other two songs. However, it was leaked on 21 June 2012, alongside the title track of the EP, Rise Again. The song One of Those Days was leaked on June 30, 2012, a few days before the planned release date.
In the 2012 edition of the annual event Summer of Sonic, there were advanced versions of the EP on sale. These versions were packaged in a cardboard slipcase with a different cover art and included a Crush 40 poster, but didn't contain the track Song Of Hope. This EP, however, is simply called Crush 40 and is not released under Wave Master, but by Crush 40 themselves, listed as CFR-0001, indicating Crush 40 Records as Crush 40's independent label.
|2.||"One Of Those Days"||4:31|
|3.||"Song Of Hope"||5:12|
|Live album by Crush 40|
|Released||October 3, 2012|
|Genre||Hard rock, alternative rock|
Live! is the first live album by Crush 40 and their fourth overall, released on October 3, 2012 and recorded during their concerts in Tokyo back in March of the same year. Twenty-four songs were played at the concerts, where they include a cover of Hardline's Everything. However, only nineteen are included on the album, leaving the live performances of Seven Rings in Hand, Song Of Hope, Un-gravitify, Fight the Knight and Everything omitted.
Despite Live! being released through their label website, many international countries are unable to purchase this album, but was confirmed by Jun Senoue that it will be released through iTunes soon, though it is not clear when that shall be. 
|5.||"Open Your Heart"||3:54|
|6.||"Knight Of The Wind"||4:31|
|7.||"I Am... All Of Me"||4:30|
|9.||"Never Turn Back"||4:44|
|12.||"Watch Me Fly..."||5:27|
|13.||"Into The Wind"||3:45|
|16.||"All Hail Shadow"||2:16|
|17.||"Live & Learn"||5:01|
|18.||"One Of Those Days"||4:32|
|19.||"What I'm Made Of..."||4:21|
Other tracks 
|Song title||Soundtrack||Video game||Version||Year|
|"Through the Fire"||Face to Faith||Sonic and the Black Knight||Original||2009|
|"Fight the Knight"||Face to Faith||Sonic and the Black Knight||Original||2009|
|"Sonic Boom (With Cash Cash)"||Sonic the Hedgehog CD Original Soundtrack - 20th Anniversary Edition||Sonic the Hedgehog CD||Cover||2011|
Many of Crush 40's songs have been included in video games.
|Sonic Adventure||Dreamcast, Nintendo GameCube, PlayStation 3, XBOX 360, PC||Sonic Team||1998|
|Sonic Adventure 2||Dreamcast, Nintendo GameCube PlayStation 3, XBOX 360, PC||Sonic Team||2001|
|Sonic Heroes||Nintendo GameCube, Xbox, PlayStation 2, PC||Sonic Team||2003|
|Shadow the Hedgehog||Nintendo GameCube, Xbox, PlayStation 2||Sonic Team||2005|
|Sonic the Hedgehog||Xbox 360, PlayStation 3||Sonic Team||2006|
|Super Smash Bros. Brawl||Wii||Sora Ltd.||2008|
|Sonic and the Black Knight||Wii||Sonic Team||2009|
|Mario & Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games||Wii, Nintendo DS||Sega Japan||2009|
|Sonic Generations||Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Nintendo 3DS, PC||Sonic Team||2011|
|Mario & Sonic at the London 2012 Olympic Games||Wii, Nintendo 3DS||Sega Japan||2011|
Band members 
Current lineup 
- Johnny Gioeli – vocals (1998–present)
- Jun Senoue – guitars (1998–present)
- Takeshi Taneda – bass (2001–present)
- Toru Kawamura – drums (2004–present)
Previous members 
- Naoto Shibata – bass (1998–2000)
- Hirotsugu Homma – drums (1998–2000)
- Katsuji – drums (2001–2003, 2008, 2010)
- Mark Schulman – drums (2003)
- Bobby Jarzombek – drums (2008)
- "Style Factory interview with Jun Senoue". junsenoue.com. Archived from the original on January 3, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-27.
- Parminder Gill (2005-04-10). "Jun Senoue's Biography". junsenoue.com. Archived from the original on December 30, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-09.
- "Crush 40 History". Archived from the original on January 30, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-07.
- "JVC Music/Victor Album Information: Thrill of the Feel" (in Japanese). jvcmusic.co.jp. Retrieved 2008-04-10.
- Andrea Bertamino (2003-01-31). "Review of "Crush 40"". digilander.libero.it. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- Parminder Gill (2004-02-07). "MelodicRock.com interview with Jun Senoue". junsenoue.com. Archived from the original on December 1, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-13.
- Michael (2003-02-23). "RevelationZ's article on Crush 40". revelationz.net. Retrieved 2008-03-05.
- Parminder Gill (2004-02-27). "Frequently Asked Questions to Jun Senoue". junsenoue.com. Archived from the original on February 5, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-12.
- Lucy Rzeminski. "Disc Information: Triple Threat Sonic Heroes Vocal Trax". chudahs-corner.com. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
- Lucy Rzeminski. "Disc Information: Shadow the Hedgehog Vocal Trax". chudahs-corner.com. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
- Lucy Rzeminski. "Disc Information: Sonic the Hedgehog Vocal Traxx Several Wills". chudahs-corner.com. Retrieved 2008-04-08.
- Triple Threat: Sonic Heroes Vocal Trax booklet. Wave Master Entertainment. p. 3.
- Triple Threat: Sonic Heroes Vocal Trax booklet. Wave Master Entertainment. p. 8.
- Masahiro Sakurai (2007-12-25). "Smash Bros. Dojo Music Update 19". smashbros.com. Retrieved 2008-01-22.
- Dale Gennard (2008-01-18). "Sonic Stadium's Track List for True Blue". sonicstadium.org. Retrieved 2008-01-24.[dead link]
- Bjørnar Bevolden (2003-04-01). "ProgressiveWorld's article on the album Crush 40". progressiveworld.net. Archived from the original on August 7, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- Adam Tuff (2006-08-14). "Q&A with Jun Senoue Part 1". junsenoue.com. Archived from the original on February 23, 2007. Retrieved 2006-08-14.
- "Live album info by Jun Senoue on Facebook". 2012-09-11.
- "Live Live! will someday be released through iTunes". 2012-10-26.