Cruveilhier–Baumgarten disease

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Cruveilhier–Baumgarten disease or Pégot-Cruveilhier–Baumgarten disease is a rare medical condition in which the umbilical or paraumbilical veins are distended, with an abdominal wall bruit (the Cruveilhier-Baumgarten bruit) and palpable thrill, portal hypertension with splenomegaly, hypersplenism and oesophageal varices, with a normal or small liver.

It was first described by Pégot in 1833, and then by Jean Cruveilhier (1835) and Paul Clemens von Baumgarten (1907).[1]

Armstrong et al. (1942) and Steinburg and Galambos (1967) described two different types of the condition:

  • Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome: liver cirrhosis or portal hypertension is the cause of the distension of the paraumbilical veins (i.e. an acquired condition in which the veins reopen due to high portal pressure).
  • Cruveilhier–Baumgarten disease: the distension of the paraumbilical veins is due to failure of umbilical vein closure, with little or no evidence of liver disease found on liver biopsy (i.e. a congenital patency of the umbilical vein leading to portal hypertension).[1]

External links[edit]

Cruveilhier-Baumgarten disease at Who Named It?

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bisseru B, Patel JS (January 1989). "Cruveilhier-Baumgarten (C-B) disease". Gut 30 (1): 136–7. doi:10.1136/gut.30.1.136. PMC 1378244. PMID 2920918. Retrieved 2009-03-27.