- Also see: Crvenka (disambiguation)
|Subdivision:||Vojvodina, West Bačka District, Kula municipality|
|Area code:||+ 381(0)25|
Crvenka (Serbian Cyrillic: Црвенка) is a small town located in the Kula municipality, in the West Bačka District, Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia. The town has a Serb ethnic majority and its population numbered 10,315 people in 2002.
In Serbian, the town is known as Црвенка or Crvenka, in Hungarian as Cservenka, and in German as Tscherwenka or Rotweil. The name of the town derived from the Serbian word "crveno" ("red" in English).
Crvenka was firstly mentioned in the 16th century, during Ottoman administration. It was populated by ethnic Serbs and was part of the Sanjak of Segedin and of the Budin Eyalet. In the second half of the 17th century, this area was not populated.
In the end of the 17th century, the region of Bačka was captured by the Habsburg Monarchy and in the second half of the 18th century Crvenka was mentioned as a small settlement. It was colonized by Serbs, Hungarians and Germans. Until the middle of the 19th century, the town was part of the Bačko-bodroška County within the Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary. In 1848-1849 it was part of the autonomous Serbian Vojvodina and from 1849 to 1860 it was part of the Voivodeship of Serbia and Banat of Temeschwar, a separate Habsburg crownland. After abolishment of the voivodeship in 1860, the town was again included into Bačko-bodroška County. According to 1910 census, most of the inhabitants of the town spoke German language.
Since 1918, the town was part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed to Yugoslavia). In 1918-1919, it was part of the Banat, Bačka and Baranja region, and also (from 1918 to 1922) part of the Novi Sad County. From 1922 to 1929, it was part of the Bačka Oblast, and from 1929 to 1941 part of the Danube Banovina.
From 1941 to 1944, Crvenka was under Axis occupation and was attached to the Horthy's Hungary. In 1944, the Soviet Red Army and Yugoslav partisans liberated Crvenka and it was included into autonomous province of Vojvodina within new socialist Yugoslavia. Since 1945, Vojvodina is part of the People's Republic of Serbia within Yugoslavia. In the end of the World War II, Germans left from Crvenka, which was then populated by 4,383 (mostly Serb and Montenegrin) colonists that originated from Bosnia and Montenegro. In 1948, these colonists comprised 63.7% of population.
In 2002 the population of Crvenka was 10,163 people, including:
- Serbs = 7,264 (71.48%)
- Montenegrins = 1,313 (12.92%)
- Hungarians = 493 (4.85%)
- Croats = 183 (1.8%)
- Yugoslavs = 156 (1.54%)
- others (including Ukrainians, Pannonian Rusyns, Germans, Romani people, etc.)
- 1948: 6,879
- 1953: 7,797
- 1961: 9,369
- 1971: 10,098
- 1981: 10,629
- 1991: 10,409
- 2002: 10,315
Crvenka is a small town with a very strong economy, especially industry and agriculture.
Here is a list of the most important companies from Crvenka:
- Sugar Factory Crvenka (Crvenka Fabrika Šećera a.d. / EBZ) 
- The Jaffa Biscuit Company 
- Alcohol and Beverage Factory Panon AD 
- FSH Crvenka AD
- Jedinstvo IGM Crvenka 
- SIGMA d.o.o
- ALTER EGO d.o.o 
- DP Zaliv d.o.o. 
- ZZ Novo
- BXB d.o.o
- Permak d.o.o 
Crvenka has a very famous handball club, named RK Crvenka. There is also football team, FK Crvenka, with a long tradition. Crvenka is also well famous by chess (club is SK MILJO VUJOVIC Crvenka) and Karate.
Site about sport in Crvenka: 
- Ratko Svilar, former football goalkeeper who participated in the 1982 FIFA World Cup.
- Zorica Vojinović, former handball player who competed in the 1980 Summer Olympics.
- Slobodan Ćurčić, Broj stanovnika Vojvodine, Novi Sad, 1996.
- Slobodan Ćurčić, Naselja Bačke - geografske karakteristike, Novi Sad, 2007.
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