Crying in the Chapel
|"Crying in the Chapel"|
1953 sheet music cover featuring Darrell Glenn on the cover, Valley Publishers, Inc., New York.
|Written by||Artie Glenn|
|Original artist||Darrell Glenn|
|Recorded by||Rex Allen, Ella Fitzgerald, June Valli, Elvis Presley, The Wailers|
"Crying in the Chapel" is a song written by Artie Glenn for his son Darrell to sing. Darrell recorded it while still in high school in 1953, along with Artie's band the Rhythm Riders. The song was rejected by Hill and Range Songs and Acuff-Rose Music. The song was eventually published by Valley Publishers which also released the single featuring Darrell Glenn. It became a local hit and then it went nationwide. He released the original version as a single as Valley 105 in 1953. The song became one of the most covered of 1953. Darrell Glenn's original recording reached number one on the Cash Box charts where all the different versions were amalgamated and number six on Billboard. Darrell Glenn's original version also hit number six on the Billboard pop singles chart and number four on the Billboard country and western chart, Rex Allen's number eight, Ella Fitzgerald number 15, and Art Lund reached number 23.
A recording by June Valli with orchestra directed by Joe Reisman was made in New York City on June 11, 1953. It was released by RCA Victor Records as catalog umber 20-5368 (in USA) and by EMI on the His Master's Voice label as catalog numbers HR 10007, N 14105 and CS 14. This was the most successful pop version on the Billboard charts, reaching number four after charting for 17 weeks beginning August 1, 1953.
Elvis Presley version
On October 30, 1960, Elvis Presley recorded a version of the song during the sessions for his RCA Records gospel album, His Hand in Mine. It was not included on that album, but rather was held back by RCA and finally released as an "Easter Special" single (447-0643) in April 1965, hitting number three on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart and topping the Easy Listening chart for seven weeks, the greatest chart success for Presley over a six-year span. The single reached number one on the British charts in 1965 where it stayed for two weeks. It was later included as a bonus track on Presley's 1967 gospel album, How Great Thou Art. The single was eventually certified "Platinum" by the RIAA for sales in excess of one million units in the US.
Bob Marley & The Wailers version
In April, 1968, the vocal trio The Wailers, featuring Bob Marley on lead vocals and guitar, Rita Marley (replacing Neville Livingston aka Bunny Wailer, who was in jail at the time) and Peter Tosh on harmony vocals backed by Rastafarian nyabinghi percussion group Ras Michael & the Sons of Negus recorded an adapted version of the song in Kingston, Jamaica. Its lyrics were adapted from the Orioles' version by Rasta leader Mortimo Planno, who also produced and pressed the single entitled "Selassie Is the Chapel", the first ever Rastafarian song recorded and released by Bob Marley. The song is thus meaningful to Rastafarians as its lyrics were modified in order to affirm the divinity of Haile Selassie as the born again Christ:
Haile Selassie is the chapel/Power of the trinity/Build your mind on this direction/Serve the living God and live
Only a few hundred copies of the single were pressed on a blank label at the time, making this song a much sought-after rarity for decades until it was finally reissued and documented on CD on the Selassie Is the Chapel album (JAD Records, 1997) as part of the Complete Bob Marley & the Wailers 1967 to 1972 series produced by Bruno Blum and Roger Steffens. A vinyl single was also released by JAD in 2002. The recording was reissued on that single along with the original Mortimo Planno-voiced flip side, Rastafarian cult song "A Little Prayer" as well as on the 2002 four CD Bob Marley Rebel anthology set released in France only and deleted in 2003. A "Selassie Is the Chapel" remix produced by Bruno Blum with a contribution by original Marley backing group The Wailers was released on the European Rastafari label in 1998 (and the Jamaican Human Race label a few years later) as "War/Selassie Is the Chapel". They feature a virtual duet between Bob Marley and Ethiopian emperor Haile Selassie in medley style. This duet version single hit number one in the UK Echoes magazine in April 1998. A dub version entitled "War/Selassie in Dub" was released on the flip side. A later Jamaican DJ version by Joseph Cotton entitled "Conflicts" was released on the Rastafari label in 2009.
Other cover versions
More than 50 artists have released a version of "Crying in the Chapel".
- The black R&B group, The Orioles, recorded a cover version of the song which became a major success in 1953. The Orioles' cover version went to number one on the R&B chart and number eleven on the pop chart. It was included on the soundtrack album for the film American Graffiti.
- Arne Alm wrote the Swedish lyrics. Raya Avellan and Yngve Stoors Hawaiiorkester recorded "Klockorna i dalen" in Stockholm on October 10, 1953. The song was released on the 78 rpm record Cupol 4780.
- Ken Griffin recorded a version in 1953.
- Lee Lawrence recorded a version which peaked at No. 7 in the UK Singles Chart in 1953.
- Ella Fitzgerald released her version of the song on the B-side of her 1953 single "When the Hands of the Clock Pray at Midnight" (Decca 28762).
- Little Richard recorded a version in 1963 for Atlantic Records, which became a "Regional" hit on the Billboard Charts.
- Carol Fran recorded a version in 1964 for Port Records.
- The Platters recorded a version in 1964 for Mercury Records.
- Santo & Johnny covered the song on their 1964 album In the Still of the Night.
- Don McLean recorded a version of the song on his Homeless Brother album (1974).
- Allies, a Christian rock band, recorded a version of the song on their album Long Way From Paradise (1989).
- Johnny Maestro & The Brooklyn Bridge recorded the song for their 1994 Acapella album.
- Roy Carr & Mick Farren: Elvis: The Illustrated Record (Harmony Books, 1982), pp. 97, 106.
- Rice, Jo (1982). The Guinness Book of 500 Number One Hits (1st ed.). Enfield, Middlesex: Guinness Superlatives Ltd. p. 93. ISBN 0-85112-250-7.
- "Darrell Glenn". Hillbilly-Music.com. 1990-04-09. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- Joel Whitburn's Pop Memories 1890-1954
- "RCA Victor 20-5000 - 5500 78rpm numerical listing discography". 78discography.com. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- [dead link]
- "Elvis Discography 1965". Sergent.com.au. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- Whitburn, Joel (2002). Top Adult Contemporary: 1961-2001. Record Research. p. 196.
- "ChartArchive - The Chart Archive". Chartstats.com. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- "Elvis Discography 1967". Sergent.com.au. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- "Original versions of Crying in the Chapel written by Artie Glenn". SecondHandSongs. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. 444.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 314. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- "A Jazz Anthology MP3 Choose listen download MP3 tunes jazz artists". Jazz-on-line.com. 2013-11-25. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- "Carol Fran". Soulfulkindamusic.net. 1965-06-10. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- "Marv Goldberg's R&B Notebooks - PLATTERS". Uncamarvy.com. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
- "Original versions of Crying in the Chapel by Santo & Johnny". SecondHandSongs. Retrieved 2014-04-05.
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