Crymych

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Crymych
Crymych.jpg
Station Road, Crymych
Crymych is located in Pembrokeshire
Crymych
Crymych
 Crymych shown within Pembrokeshire
Principal area Pembrokeshire
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament Preseli Pembrokeshire
Welsh Assembly Preseli Pembrokeshire
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire

Coordinates: 51°58′19″N 4°38′53″W / 51.972°N 4.648°W / 51.972; -4.648

Crymych is a community, and a village of around 400 inhabitants in the northeast of Pembrokeshire, Wales, situated approximately 800 feet (240 m) above sea level at the eastern end of the Preseli Mountains. It stands astride the old Tenby to Cardigan turnpike road, now the A478.

The village developed around the former Crymmych Arms railway station on the now-closed Whitland to Cardigan Railway, nicknamed Cardi Bach (Little Cardi).

Crymych, which is twinned with Plomelin in Brittany, has its own elected community council. The village has given its name to an electoral ward of Pembrokeshire that encompasses the villages of Crymych itself and Eglwyswrw, as well as to the Megalithic burial mound knowns as Crymych Wayside Barrow.

About 1.8 miles (2.9 km) SSW of Crymych stands a TV mast which, at 235m tall erected on land which itself is some 350m above sea level, can be seen from several counties away on a clear day.

History[edit]

The name Crymych translates into English as crooked stream, referring to the River Taf which rises in the high ground above the village and takes a sharp turn in the valley in the north end of the village.

First mentioned in an account of the Cemais Hundreds of 1468, Crymych has for centuries been an area of livestock farming.

Crymych Arms

Other than the Crymych Arms public house (dating from at least 1861 but possibly as early as 1812), which remains open to this day, little existed at the spot before the extension of the Whitland and Taf Vale Railway to Crymych in 1874. The community then grew rapidly as a service and transport centre for the surrounding uplands and acquired a reputation for being 'the Wild West of West Wales', reflected in the tongue-in-cheek appellation of Cowbois Crymych by which residents are sometimes known.

The village was sometimes referred to as Crymmych Arms, after the name of the station, for example in a report of an Eisteddfod in 1876.[1]

The first agricultural show was in 1909.[2] A regional livestock market existed in the village for many years; a new purpose-built site was developed north of the village, also accommodating a number of other traders.

Crymych War Memorial, which covers Eglwyswrw, Blaenffos, Llanfyrnach, Hermon and Glogue, records the names of 50 people who lost their lives in World War I and 17 in World War II.[3]

Crymych Market Hall was opened in 1919; with a present seating capacity of 500 (standing) or 250 (seated), it was built as a result of the formation of the Market Hall Company Ltd in 1911. During World War 2 it functioned as an evacuee centre, a shooting range for the Home Guard and a social centre for American troops stationed locally while they trained in the Preseli Mountains. In 1944 two Cardigan School boys were killed near Crymych by unexploded ordnance.[4]

Education[edit]

Ysgol y Preseli

Crymych's status as 'capital' of the Preseli was confirmed in 1958, when Ysgol y Preseli, a secondary school covering a wide district was opened. In 1996, the school became Pembrokeshire's first Welsh-medium comprehensive school and the number of pupils on its roll has doubled since its launch. In spite of a large influx of English immigrants to the area since the 1970s, Crymych retains a strong identity based on the Welsh language and Welsh culture.

Ysgol y Preseli is a Welsh language secondary school and has approximately 1000 pupils. The school had a GCSE pass rate (based on 5 GCSEs, grades A-C) of 72% in 2002 - according to Estyn. It is consistently in the top 10% of secondary schools in Wales, in 2000 the school had a pass rate of 75% (based on 5 GCSEs, grades A-C which put it in 7th place in the country. It is also the best performing secondary school in Pembrokeshire.

Sport[edit]

Crymych is home to Crymych RFC, a rugby union team formed in 1984 and a cricket club which fields sides in the third and sixth divisions of the Pembrokeshire Cricket League. "Ras Frenni"[5] road race (over 4 and 8 miles) was held for the 23rd time in July 2014.[6]

Culture[edit]

Crymych and District Choir[7] performs locally, nationally and internationally. Bois y Frenni is another local choir whose history dates from World War 2. There is a thriving and successful youth activity group in Aelwyd Crymych whose activities range across the whole spectrum of the arts.[8]

Amenities[edit]

Crymych Market Hall

Aside from the livestock market, Crymych has a Post Office, fire and police stations, doctor's surgery, pharmacy, petrol station and numerous other businesses, shops and trade premises.

Crymych Market Hall is used regularly for concerts, eistedfoddau, meetings, fairs and auctions.[9][10]

A major redevelopment of the former market site was completed in 2014 and includes accommodation for the elderly, and a new medical centre and day centre to serve the wider community.[11][12][13]

The nearest railway station is at Clunderwen, 10 miles (16 km) to the south. There are bus services to destinations in Pembrokeshire, Ceredigion and Carmarthenshire.

Nearby settlements[edit]

To the southeast of Crymych, near the hamlet of Glandwr, is the Lammas Ecovillage, a low-impact housing development. Other nearby settlements are Eglwyswen, Hermon, Pentre Galar and Hebron.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Crymmych Arms Eisteddfod". Western Mail (British Newspaper Archive). 7 July 1876. Retrieved 10 July 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
  2. ^ "History of Crymych". Retrieved 20 Nov 2013. 
  3. ^ "West Wales War Memorial Project - Crymych". Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Explosion kills two boys". Gloucester Citizen (British Newspaper Archive). 1 August 1944. Retrieved 10 July 2014. (subscription required (help)). 
  5. ^ "Ras Frenni - Course Measurement". Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  6. ^ "Ras Frenni". Tivyside Advertiser. Retrieved 11 July 2014. 
  7. ^ "History of Crymych: Choir". Retrieved 20 Nov 2013. 
  8. ^ "History of Crymych: Aelwyd". Retrieved 20 Nov 2013. 
  9. ^ "Pembrokeshire Halls". Retrieved 13 Apr 2014. 
  10. ^ "Crymych Market Hall". Retrieved 13 Apr 2014. 
  11. ^ "Cilwendeg House up for sale". Wales Online. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 
  12. ^ "Crymych Extra Care Scheme". Retrieved 1 July 2014. 
  13. ^ "Opportunity to view new community care resource centre". Tivyside Advertiser. 25 July 2014. Retrieved 5 August 2014. 

External links[edit]