Cryptococcus aerius

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cryptococcus aerius
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Tremellomycetes
Order: Tremellales
Family: Tremellaceae
Genus: Cryptococcus
Species: C. aerius
Binomial name
Cryptococcus aerius

Cryptococcus aerius is an obligate aerobe, that has been previously isolated from soil samples and samples of sand. [1] It has a growth temperature range between 20°C and 35°C. This species secretes amylase at the end of its exponential phase, and it is believed to produce the most amylase at 30°C between pH 4.5 and pH 6. It is believed that the amylases that are produced by C. aerius are able to digest raw starch, and this ability to break down raw starch has been studied extensively, because the ability to find microorganisms that can break down raw starch has become increasingly important as the production of materials such as liquid fuel and chemicals using starch has become more prominent. This species ability to break down starch is greatly improved when it is cocultured with Saccharomyces cerevisiae. C. aerius is able to use glucose, galactose, maltose and starch as sole carbon sources, and it is able to use nitrate and nitrite as sole nitrogen sources. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fonseca A., Scorzeti G., and Fell J. (2000) Diversity in the yeast Cryptococcus albidus and related species as revealed by ribosomal DNA sequence analysis. Can. J. Microbiol. 46:7-27
  2. ^ Shafiee R., Nahvi I. and Emtiazi G. (2005) Bioconversion of Raw Starch to SCP by Coculture of Cryptococcus aerius and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Journal of Biological Sciences. 5(6):717-723

External links[edit]