Cryptography Research

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Cryptography Research, Inc.
Type Private subsidiary
Headquarters San Francisco, California
Key people Paul Kocher, President and Chief Scientist
Products Technology licensing, secure semiconductors
Revenue $10M-$100M
Employees 25-100
Parent Rambus

Cryptography Research, Inc.. is a San Francisco based cryptography company specializing in applied cryptographic engineering, including technologies for building tamper-resistant semiconductors. It was purchased on June 6, 2011 by Rambus for $342.5M.[1] The company licenses patents for protecting cryptographic devices against power analysis attacks.[2] The company's CryptoFirewall-brand ASIC cores are used in pay TV conditional access systems and anti-counterfeiting applications.[3] CRI also developed BD+, a security component in the Blu-ray disc format, and played a role in the format war between HD DVD and Blu-ray.[4][5] The company's services group assists with security testing, disaster recovery, and training.

Cryptography Research protects its core operations from outside attack by maintaining a secured local network that is not connected to the Internet at all. Employees who need to work with sensitive data have two computers on their desks — one to access the secure network, and a separate computer to access the Internet.[6]

In 2009, Frost & Sullivan awarded the company the World Smart Card Technology Leadership of the Year Award, noting that the company is "one of the highest-volume and highest-value technology licensors in the semiconductor industry" and that "more than 4 billion security chips are produced under its licenses every year".[7]


  1. ^ "Rambus Buying Cryptography Research for $342.5 Million". 2011-05-12. Retrieved 2012-06-16. 
  2. ^ Ubhey, Anoop, "Interview with Cryptography Research Inc", Frost & Sullivan, 23 Nov. 2004.
  3. ^ Maria Fontanezza, "Technology Battles Device Cloning", MD&DI, October 2007.
  4. ^ Markoff, John, "Plan Would Use Content, Not Devices, to Fight Piracy", The New York Times, 15 Apr 2003.
  5. ^ Ryan Singel, "How Crypto Won the DVD War", Wired Magazine, February 28, 2008.
  6. ^ "How one company stays safe with two networks", CNET News, March 30, 2010.
  7. ^ "Frost & Sullivan Commends Cryptography Research for Technology Leadership", 15 Sept 2009.

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