Crystal Cathedral organ

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The main casework and console of the Hazel Wright Organ

The Hazel Wright Organ Located in Christ Cathedral is one of the world's largest pipe organs. It is in the Crystal Cathedral now known as Christ Cathedral in Garden Grove, California. As of 2008, it had 270 ranks and 16,061 pipes, fully playable from two 5-manual consoles.[1]

Funded by a $2 million gift from Hazel Wright, a viewer of the church's Hour of Power telecast, the organ was constructed by Fratelli Ruffatti, based on specifications by Virgil Fox and expanded by Frederick Swann. It incorporates the large Aeolian-Skinner pipe organ originally built in 1962 for New York's Avery Fisher Hall, and the Ruffatti organ which had been installed in the church's previous sanctuary in 1977.[2]

Beginning in 1982, the year of the present organ's dedication, Frederick Swann was organist and music director at the cathedral. During his 16-year tenure (1982–1998), he was widely regarded as the most visible organist in the world as people in more than 165 countries worldwide saw and heard him playing this organ on the weekly Hour of Power televised episodes.[3]

Following the Crystal Cathedral's final Hour of Power in June 2013, the organ was scheduled to be dismantled for a $2 million refurbishing, led by Fratelli Ruffatti, and then to be re-installed for the building's planned re-opening as Christ Cathedral in 2015.[4] The organ was removed in February 2014 over the course of a week and shipped to Padua, Italy for restoration, for an unknown length of time.

Stoplist[edit]

The organ has the following pipe ranks:[5]

I Choir (Second Level, East Tower)
Gemshorn 16′
Viola Pomposa 8′
Viola Céleste 8′
Cor de Nuit 8′
Flauto Dolce 8′
Flauto Céleste 8′
Prinzipal 4′
Koppelflöte 4′
Rohrnasat 22/3
Prinzipal 2′
Zauberflöte 2′
Tierce 13/5
Larigot 11/3
Scharff IV
Fagotto 16′
Petite Trompette 8′
Clarinet 8′
Fagotto (Fagotto 16′) 4′
Tremulant
Millennial Trumpet (Gallery Great) 8′
Harp 8′
Harp (Harp 8′) 4′


II Great (Third Level, West Tower)
Montre 16′
Kontra Geigen 16′
Bourdon 16′
Diapason 8′
Principal Major 8′
Principal 8′
Flûte harmonique 8′
Spitzflöte 8′
Spitz Céleste 8′
Gross Quinte 51/3
Oktave 4′
Oktav 4′
Flûte Ouverte 4′
Flûte a Cheminée 4′
Gross Tierce 31/5
Quinte 22/3
Sesquialtera II
Jeu de Tierce II
Super Octave 2′
Fifteenth 2′
Blockflöte 2′
Grand Fourniture II-VII
Ripieno IV
Mixture IV-VI
Cimbalo IV
Zimbel III-V
Contre Trompette 16′
Posaune 16′
Fagotto (Choir) 16′
Trompette 8′
Trompete 8′
Clairon 4′
Chimes
Cembalo


II Gallery Great (Gallery Organ, West Side)
Grande Montre (Gallery Pedal) 16′
Holz Principal 8′
Holzgedeckt 8′
Octave 4′
Koppelflöte 4′
Fifteenth 2′
Nineteenth 11/3
Twenty-Second 1′
Fourniture V
Zimbel IV
Contra Trompette 16′
Trompette 8′
Clairon 4′
Millennial Trumpet (en chamade) 8′
Herald Trumpet (Solo) 8′


II Hoofdwerk (First Level, East Tower)
Praestant 8′
Holpijp 8′
Quintadeen 8′
Octaaf 4′
Fluit 4′
Super Octaaf 2′
Mixtuur V
Scherp IV
Bazuin 16′
Trompet 8′
III Swell(First Level, West and East Tower)
Flûte Courte 16′
Quintadena 16′
Gambe (digital) 16′
Gambe (digital) 8′
Montre 8′
Principal 8′
Viole de Gambe 8′
Viole Céleste 8′
Erzahler 8′
Erzahler Céleste 8′
Flûte Couverte 8′
Bourdon 8′
Flauto Dolce 8′
Prestant 4′
Octave 4′
Flûte à Pavillon 4′
Cor de Nuit 4′
Nazard 22/3
Doublette 2′
Flûte à Bec 2′
Tierce 13/5
Larigot 11/3
Piccolo 1′
None 8/9′
Plein jeu III
Ripieno V
Cymbale III
Bombarde 16′
Contre Trompette 16′
Basson 16′
Première Trompette 8′
Deuxième Trompette 8′
Hautbois d’Orchestre 8′
Hautbois 8′
Voix Humaine 8′
Première Clairon 4′
Deuxième Clairon 4′
Cornet V
Tremulant


III Borstwerk (First Level, West Tower)
Pörfluit 8′
Speelfluit 4′
Gemshoorn 2′
Tertiaan II
Terzcymbel III
Buntcymbel III
Baarpijp 16′
Tremulant


IV Solo (Second Level, West Tower)
Enclosed:
Gambe 8′
Gambe Celeste 8′
Flauto Heroique (Celestial) 8′
Doppelflöte 8′
Major Octave 4′
Orchestral Flute 4′
Quinte Flûte 22/3
Octave 2′
Harmonics VI
Gross Fourniture III
Cymbel IV
English Post Horn 16′
(from English Post Horn 8′)
Trompette Harmonique 8′
English Post Horn 8′
English Horn 8′
French Horn 8′
Clairon Harmonique 4′
Not enclosed:
Flûte d’Arvella (Pedal) 8′
Tuba Magna 16′
Herald Trumpet 8′
Millennial Trumpet (Gallery Great) 8′
Tuba Mirabilis 8′
Tuba Clairon 4′
Tremulant
V Celestial (Swell) (Gallery, East Side)
Bourdon Doux 16′
Flauto Dolce 16′
Principal 8′
Viola Pomposa 8′
Viola Céleste 8′
Flauto Dolce 8′
Flauto Céleste 8′
Flûte à Cheminée 8′
Principal 4′
Italian Principal 4′
Flûte Traversière 4′
Sesquialtera II
Doublette 2′
Octavin 2′
Plein jeu V
Cymbale IV
Jeu de Clochette II
Contre Trompette 16′
Ranquette 16′
Trompette 8′
Cor Anglais 8′
Cromorne 8′
Voix Humaine 8′
Cor de Schuller 4′
Chalumeau 4′
Tremulant


V Positiv (Fourth Level, East Tower)
Bourdon (Great) 16′
Principal 16′
Rohrflöte 8′
Prinzipal 8′
Spillflöte 4′
Oktav 4′
Larigot 2′
Sifflöte 11/3
Scharff IV
Terz Zimbel III
Fagotto (Choir) 16′
Krummhorn 8′
Rohr Schalmei 4′
Tremulant
Tuba Mirabilis (Solo) 8′


String (Swell) (Floating, Gallery, West Side)
Viola 16′
Viola Céleste 16′
Dulciana 8′
Unda Maris 8′
Salicional 8′
Voix Céleste 8′
Dulcett 8′
Dulcett Céleste 8′
Dulciana Céleste 8′
Muted Viole 1 8′
Viole 1 Céleste 8′
Muted Viole 2 8′
Viole 2 Céleste 8′
Violoncello 8′
Violoncello Céleste 8′
Rohrpfeife 8′
Nachthorn 4′
Tremulant


Gospel (Floating, East Gallery)
Principal 8′
Octave 4′
Super Octave 2′
Mixture IV
Trompette en Chamade 16′
Trompette en Chamade 8′
Trompette en Chamade 4′


Epistle (Floating, West Gallery)
Principal 8′
Octave 4′
Mounted Cornet V
Mixture V
Trompette en Chamade 16′
Trompette en Chamade 8′
Trompette en Chamade 4′
Trompette en Chamade 2′


Echo (Swell) (catwalk 40 m)
Fern Flute 8′
Vox Amorosa 8′
Voix Séraphique 8′
Chœur des Violes 8′
Divinare 4′
Rohr Nasat 22/3
Oboe d’Amore 8′
Anthropoglossa 8′
Tremulant


Percussion C–
Tower Carillon
Harp (Choir) 8′
Celesta (Choir) 4′
Glockenstern (Positiv)
Etoile de Grand Martin (Gallery)
Chancel Chimes (Choir, Great)
Gallery Chimes (Celestial)
Rosignol on Pedal I (Gallery)
Pedal (Second Level, West Tower; Fourth Level East Tower)
La Force 64′
(Ext. Double Diapason 32′)
Diapason 32′
Kontra Geigen 32′
(Ext. Great: Kontra Geigen 16′)
Contre Gambe (Swell) 32′
Diapente Grave 211/3
Diapason 16′
Contre Basse 16′
Contra Basso 16′
Principal (Great) 16′
Geigen (Great) 16′
Montre (Great) 16′
Principal 16′
Bourdon 16′
Subbasso 16′
Gemshorn (Choir) 16′
Flûte Courte (Swell) 16′
Quintadena (Swell) 16′
Quint 102/3
Octave 8′
Principal 8′
Violone 8′
Geigen 8′
(Ext. Geigen 16′)
Spitzflöte 8′
Principal (Positiv) 8′
Bourdon 8′
(Bourdon 16′)
Bordone 8′
(Ext. Subbasso 16′)
Gemshorn 8′
(Ext. Choir: Gemshorn 16′)
Flûte Courte 8′
(Ext. Swell: Flûte Courte 16′)
Octave Quinte 51/3
Choralbass 4′
Octave 4′
Principal (Positiv) 4′
Spillflöte 4′
Spireflöte 4′
Octave 2′
Spindleflöte 2′
(Ext. Spindleflöte 4′)
Fourniture IV
Ripieno VI
Acuta II
Grand Cornet IV
Kontra Posaune 32′
Contra Fagotto 32′
Posaune 16′
Contre Trompette (Great) 16′
Bombarde (Swell) 16′
Basson (Swell) 16′
English Post Horn (Solo) 16′
Fagotto (Choir) 16′
Trompette 8′
Trompette 8′
Fagotto 8′
(Ext. Choir: Fagotto 16′)
Krummhorn (Positiv) 8′
Klarine 4′
(Ext. Trompette 8′)
Trompete 4′
(Ext. Trompette 8′)
Rohr Schalmei (Positiv) 4′
Zink (Positiv) 2′
Contra Bourdon (Electronic) 32′
Gallery Pedal (Gallery, East side and Center)
Untersatz 32′
Montre le Tour 16′
Open Wood 16′
Bourdon 16′
Bourdon Doux (Celestial) 16′
Viola (String) 16′
Viola Céleste (String) 16′
Prestant 8′
Bourdon 8′
Viola Céleste II 8′
(Ext. String: Violo Céleste 16′)
Bas de Choral 4′
Mixture 2′
Grand Harmoniques 32′
Contra Bombarde 32′
Bombarde 16′
Contra Trompette (Celestial) 16′
Trumpet 8′
Millennial Trumpet (Great) 8′
Clarion 4′

Recordings[edit]

Frederick Swann has recorded two compact discs playing the Crystal Cathedral organ:

Peter Baicchi has recorded one CD:

  • Organ Under Glass : The Crystal Cathedral Organ see here

In addition, the Crystal Cathedral Choir and organ are heard on the CD We Sing the Power.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World's Largest Pipe Organs". TheatreOrgans.com. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  2. ^ "The Hazel Wright Pipe Organ". ShepherdsGrove.org. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  3. ^ Vivien Schweitzer (August 4, 2006). "Frederick Swann at Riverside Church: A Master of the Organ, With the Curtain Pulled Back". The New York Times. Retrieved April 15, 2008. 
  4. ^ Tom Berg (May 17, 2013). "How will church fix Cathedral's organ?". Orange County Register. Retrieved September 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ E.M.Skinner/Aeolian-Skinner Opus List, Compiled by Allen Kinzey and Sand Lawn, published: Organ Historical Society, Richmond, VA. 1st Edition, 1992, page 124.