Crystal Palace, London
View of Crystal Palace from the park. Four London boroughs; Bromley, Croydon, Lambeth, and Southwark meet at this junction. A fifth, Lewisham, is only 0.6 km (0.37 mi) away.
Crystal Palace shown within Greater London
|OS grid reference|
|Ceremonial county||Greater London|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||SE19, SE20, SE26|
|UK Parliament||Croydon North|
|Dulwich and West Norwood|
|Lewisham West and Penge|
|London Assembly||Bexley and Bromley|
|Croydon and Sutton|
|Lambeth and Southwark|
Crystal Palace is a residential area in south London, England, within the London Boroughs of Bromley, Croydon, Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham. It is named after the former local landmark, the Crystal Palace, which stood in the area from 1854 to 1936. The area is located approximately eight miles (13 km) south east of Charing Cross and includes one of the highest points in London, at 367 feet (112 m), offering views over the capital. The area has no defined boundaries and straddles the convergence of five London boroughs and three postal districts, although an electoral ward named Crystal Palace and Crystal Palace Park are entirely contained within the London Borough of Bromley. It is contiguous with Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood.
The district was a natural oak forest until development began in the 19th century, and before the arrival of the Crystal Palace the area was known as Sydenham Hill. The Norwood Ridge and an historic oak tree were used to mark parish boundaries. Today, the area is represented by three different parliamentary constituencies, four London Assembly constituencies and fourteen local authority councillors. After the Crystal Palace burned down in 1936, the site of the building and its grounds became Crystal Palace Park, which is the location of the National Sports Centre, containing an athletics track, stadium and other sports facilities. Crystal Palace Park has also been the setting for a number of concerts and films, including scenes from The Italian Job and The Pleasure Garden. Two television transmitter masts make the district a landmark location, visible from many parts of Greater London. Local landmarks include the Crystal Palace Triangle, a shopping district made up of three streets forming a triangle; Westow Park, a smaller park that lies off the triangle to the south west of Crystal Palace Park; and the Stambourne Woodland Walk.
A pneumatic railway was briefly trialled in the area in 1864. Once the railways had arrived, Crystal Palace was eventually served by two railway stations, the high level and low level stations, built to handle the volume of passengers visiting the Crystal Palace. After the palace was destroyed by fire, and with railway travel declining in the UK more generally, passenger numbers fell and the high level station was closed in 1954 and demolished 7 years later. Rail services gradually declined, and for a period in the 1960s and 1970s there were plans to construct an urban motorway through the area as part of the London Ringways plan. More recently, rail travel has seen a resurgence in Crystal Palace, with rising passenger numbers, additional London Overground services stopping at the station, a major station redevelopment in 2012 and proposals to extend the Croydon Tramlink service to the railway and bus stations.
- 1 History
- 2 Landmarks
- 3 Geography
- 4 Local government
- 5 Media
- 6 Sports
- 7 Education
- 8 Transport
- 9 Notable people
- 10 Nearest places
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
The ridge and the historic oak tree known as The Vicars Oak (located at the present-day crossroads of the A212 Church Road and A214 Westow Hill) were used to mark parish boundaries. This has led to the Crystal Palace area straddling the boundaries of five London Boroughs; Bromley, Croydon, Lambeth, Southwark and Lewisham. The area also straddles three postcode districts: SE19, SE20, and SE26. The ancient boundary between Surrey and Kent passes through the area and from 1889 to 1965 the area lay on the south eastern boundary of the County of London. It included parts of Kent and Surrey until 1889 and then parts of Kent, London and Surrey between 1889 and 1965.
For centuries the area was occupied by the Great North Wood, an extensive area of natural oak forest that formed a wilderness close to the southern edge of the then expanding city of London. The forest was a popular area for Londoners' recreation right up to the 19th century, when it began to be built over. It was also a home of Gypsies, with some local street names and pubs recording the link. The area still retains vestiges of woodland. The third quarter of the 19th Century brought the Crystal Palace and the railways.
The Crystal Palace
The Crystal Palace was a cast-iron and glass building originally erected in Hyde Park to house the Great Exhibition of 1851. Following the success of the exhibition, the palace was moved and reconstructed in 1854 in a modified and enlarged form in the grounds of the Penge Place estate at Sydenham Hill. The buildings housed the Crystal Palace School of Art, Science, and Literature and Crystal Palace School of Engineering. It attracted visitors for over seven decades.
Sydenham Hill is one of the highest locations in London; 109 metres (357 ft) above sea level (spot height on Ordnance Survey Map); and the size of the palace and prominence of the site made it easy to identify from much of London. This led to the residential area around the building becoming known as Crystal Palace instead of Sydenham Hill. The palace was destroyed by fire on 30 November 1936 and the site of the building and its grounds is now known as Crystal Palace Park.
Crystal Palace Triangle
The "Crystal Palace Triangle", formed by Westow Street, Westow Hill and Church Road, has a number of restaurants and several independent shops, as well as an indoor secondhand market and a farmer's market on Haynes Lane. The triangle also contains a range of vintage furniture and clothing stores, as well as galleries, arts and crafts shops and other businesses. There is an ongoing campaign to turn a building recently converted into a church at 25 Church Road back into a cinema, after the former bingo hall was purchased by the Kingsway International Christian Centre.
Crystal Palace still retains much of its Victorian architecture, although housing styles are mixed, including Victorian terraces, mid-war terraces and blocks of modern flats. Crystal Palace Park is surrounded by grand Victorian villas, many of which have been converted into flats and apartments.
Television transmission has been taking place from Crystal Palace since at least the 1930s and two TV transmitter towers — Crystal Palace Transmitter – 640 feet (200 m) tall — and Croydon Transmitter – 500 feet (150 m) tall — stand on the hill at Upper Norwood, making the district a landmark location visible from many parts of the London area. The towers may appear similar in height and design, but the Crystal Palace mast, constructed in 1956, stands on a slightly higher elevation. The current Croydon tower was built in 1962.
Crystal Palace Park
Crystal Palace Park is a large Victorian pleasure ground occupying much of the land within Crystal Palace and is one of the major London public parks. The park was maintained by the LCC and later the GLC, but with the abolition of the GLC in 1986 control of the entire park was given to the London Borough of Bromley. Crystal Palace railway station is located by the park, as is the National Sports Centre. The park was formerly used for motor racing and has been a venue for concerts, often performed at the site of the Crystal Palace Park Concert Platform. In July 2013 Chinese property developer ZhongRong Holdings announced it was drawing up plans to build a replica of the Crystal Palace on its original site in Crystal Palace Park.
The park is situated halfway along the Norwood Ridge at one of its highest points. This ridge offers views northward to central London, east to the Queen Elizabeth II Bridge and Greenwich, and southward to Croydon and the North Downs.
It is also one of the starting points for the Green Chain Walk, linking to places such as Chislehurst, Erith, the Thames Barrier and Thamesmead. Section 3 of the Capital Ring walk round London goes through the park.
A smaller park occupying 2.73 hectares (6.7 acres) lies to the south west of the triangle on Church Road. Westow Park hosts the annual Crystal Palace Overground festival, a free community festival held over four days during the summer.
To the south of the triangle is a small area of woodland occupying 1.92 hectares, containing the Stambourne Woodland Walk. It was opened in 1984 and covers an area of land between developments on Stambourne Way and Fox Hill. The land originally formed the gardens of Victorian villas built on the hill overlooking Croydon, but fell into disrepair. In 1962 Croydon Council approved terms for buying the land from the Church Commissioners and other local freeholders, allowing the construction of a link. Paths and benches were installed but much of the vegetation was left undisturbed, creating a woodland pathway.
As the name Crystal Palace is relatively new, the borders of the area are not clearly defined and include parts of Anerley, Dulwich Wood, Gipsy Hill, Penge, South Norwood, Sydenham and Upper Norwood. Crystal Palace lies approximately eight miles (13 km) to the south east of Charing Cross on the Norwood Ridge and includes one of the highest points of London at 112 metres above the mean sea level (OS map reference TQ337707). The Crystal Palace National Sports Centre, in the centre of the park, lies at 88 metres above the mean sea level. The soil in the area has been classified as typically "Slowly permeable, seasonally wet, slightly acid but base-rich loamy and clayey soils", with impeded drainage, moderate fertility and a loamy profile. The nearest Met Office climate station is based in Greenwich Park.
|Climate data for London (Greenwich)|
|Record high °C (°F)||18.5
|Average high °C (°F)||8.3
|Average low °C (°F)||2.6
|Record low °C (°F)||−10.0
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||51.6
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)||10.8||8.5||9.6||9.4||9.0||8.3||8.0||7.6||8.5||10.7||10.1||9.9||110.4|
|Avg. snowy days||4||4||3||1||0||0||0||0||0||0||1||3||16|
|Average relative humidity (%)||91||89||91||90||92||92||93||95||96||95||93||91||92.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||49.9||71.4||107.1||159.8||181.2||181.0||192.1||195.1||138.9||108.1||58.5||37.4||1,480.5|
|Source #1: Record highs and lows from BBC Weather, except August and February maximum from Met Office|
|Source #2: All other data from Met Office, except for humidity and snow data which are from NOAA|
Crystal Palace sits on the boundary of four London boroughs – Bromley, Croydon, Lambeth and Southwark. A fifth borough – Lewisham – is nearby. As a result the area is served by a diverse range of local government bodies and members of Parliament.
Several local authority councillors in the area were elected on 22 May 2014, at the same time as the European Elections. All seats are now held by Labour party candidates, after 2 Liberal Democrats in Bromley and 1 Conservative in Southwark lost their seats. The elected officials by ward for Crystal Palace local authorities in May 2014 were:
|Local Authority||Ward||Elected Councillors|
|Bromley||Crystal Palace||Angela Wilkins|
|Croydon||Upper Norwood||Alisa Flemming|
|Lambeth||Gipsy Hill||Matthew Bennett|
The area is represented by four constituencies in the London Assembly. Their elected assembly members in June 2013 were:
|London Assembly Constituency||Elected Member|
|Croydon and Sutton||Steve O'Connell|
|Bexley and Bromley||James Cleverly|
|Greenwich and Lewisham||Len Duvall|
|Lambeth and Southwark||Val Shawcross|
The area is represented by three constituencies in the Westminster Parliament. In May 2015, their elected MPs were:
|Croydon North||Steve Reed|
|Dulwich and West Norwood||Helen Hayes|
|Lewisham West and Penge||Jim Dowd|
The Italian Job has a scene filmed at the athletics track in the Crystal Palace sports centre, in which Michael Caine says, "You were only supposed to blow the bloody doors off!" The Pleasure Garden was also filmed in the park and Our Mother's House has a scene featuring Dirk Bogarde with several children on the park's boating lake.
Arthur Conan Doyle was active in the area between 1891 and 1894. Although he lived in nearby South Norwood he visited the Crystal Palace and Upper Norwood area regularly in connection with the Upper Norwood Literary and Scientific Society. The Foresters Hall on Westow Street was then known as the Welcome Hall (or just Welcome) and it was in that hall in May 1892 that Arthur Conan Doyle was elected president of the society. He was re-elected to the post in 1893 and resigned in 1894. Each occasion was in the same hall.
Crystal Palace has had a long association with sports and Crystal Palace F.C. (1861) was one of the 12 founder members of The Football Association. The original football club disappeared from records in 1876 and it was not until 1905 that the current Crystal Palace F.C. club was re-formed. The club played on the grounds of The Crystal Palace, on what is now the site of the National Sports Centre, until it moved to Selhurst in 1918. The grounds also hosted the FA Cup Final between 1895 and 1914. Despite the move to Selhurst, the club retained the Crystal Palace name, which is in use to the present day.
In 1964, a 15,500 seater athletics stadium and sports centre was built on the site of the football grounds in Crystal Palace Park. The athletics stadium was known as the National Sports Centre and between 1999 and 2012 hosted the London Athletics Grand Prix among other international athletics meetings. The Crystal Palace triathletes club is also based here. Since the London 2012 Olympics, the status of the stadium and aquatics centre as the main facilities for their sports in London has been superseded by the London Aquatics Centre and Olympic Stadium. This led to Crystal Palace F.C. submitting plans to rebuild the stadium as a 40,000 capacity football stadium, without the running track.
A motor racing circuit was opened around the Park in 1927 and the remains of the track now make up some of the access roads around the park. The track was extended to two miles (3.2 km) in 1936, before being taken over by the Ministry of Defence at the start of World War II. Race meetings resumed in 1953, and the circuit hosted a range of international racing events, continuing until the last races in 1974.
Crystal Palace contains three primary schools, Paxton Primary School, Rockmount Primary School and All Saints C of E Primary School, and one secondary school, Harris City Academy. Crystal Palace Park also contains a branch of Capel Manor College, offering courses in Animal Care, Arboriculture and Countryside, Horticulture and Landscaping and Garden Design along with other short courses.
In 2013, due to a shortage of primary school places in both Crystal Palace and London, proposals to open a new primary school by September 2015 were put forward, with plans submitted to the Department for Education in January 2014. The proposals were approved as part of wave 6 of the Free Schools Programme and the school is scheduled to open in September 2015. As of October 2014, the school is considering three possible building configurations – with the Greater London Authority running a public consultation on each option – all of which would involve demolishing one of the existing seated stands around the athletics track at the National Sports Centre.
The area is served by the A212, A214, A234 and A2199 roads. The roads that make up the triangle (Westow Hill, Westow Street and Church Road) form part of a one-way system and are in a 24-hour controlled parking and loading zone. There is a coach park inside Crystal Palace Park.
The area would have been affected by the cancelled London Ringways motorway plans, as one of the radial routes connecting the South Cross Route to Ringway 2 (the South Cross Route to Parkway D Radial) would have run through a part of Crystal Palace Park, following the railway line.
London Cycle Network routes 23 and 27 travel through Crystal Palace. Route 27 runs from Anerley Hill through part of Crystal Palace Park towards Bromley and route 23 through the Crystal Palace triangle to connect to Borough and Croydon.
Crystal Palace is accessible by rail via the Crystal Palace railway station, where Southern trains run to and from Victoria and London Bridge railway stations on the Outer South London Line. In addition, Southern services run to Beckenham Junction, Sutton and Epsom Downs. Crystal Palace railway station is one of the few stations to border two zones, Zones 3 and 4. The South Gate of the Park is accessible by rail via Penge West, which is served by Southern trains from London Bridge and London Overground services.
Crystal Palace used to have a second railway station, the Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station. The station was built to serve passengers visiting the Crystal Palace, but after the fire in 1936 traffic on the branch line declined. During World War II the line serving the station was temporarily closed due to bomb damage. Although repairs were made and the line was reopened, the requirement for reconstruction work and the drop in traffic led to the decision to close the station and branch line in 1954, followed by the demolition of the station in 1961. Despite the demolition, a Grade II listed subway remains under Crystal Palace Parade. The Crystal Palace pneumatic railway was also built in Crystal Palace circa 1864.
The low level station remained open, although passenger numbers at that station also fell after the fire of 1936 and many services were diverted to serve London-Croydon routes instead of the Outer South London Line. Rail travel was in decline across the UK in the 1960s and 1970s when the Beeching Axe was imposed. During the 1970s, two outer platforms used by terminating trains were abandoned and the third rail was removed.
More recently rail travel at the station has seen a resurgence and new services have started running. Passenger numbers increased each year between 2004 and 2013. Since May 2010, the station has served the East London Line branch of the London Overground, connecting with the Docklands and Shoreditch. In 2011 services were extended to Highbury and Islington. The station underwent redevelopment in 2012, which brought the original Victorian booking hall back into use, created a new cafe in the station building and provided wheelchair access through the installation of three lifts; this work was completed by the end of March 2013.
The area is served by multiple bus routes, many of which terminate at Crystal Palace Bus Station. These services include routes N2, 3/N3, N63, 122, N137, 157, 202, 227, 249, 322, 358, 363, 410, 417, 432, 450 and 931.
The French novelist Émile Zola lived in what is now the Queen's Hotel on Church Road between October 1898 and June 1899. Zola fled to England after being convicted of criminal libel in France on 23 February 1898, a direct consequence of the publication of his open letter "J'accuse".
||West Norwood||Dulwich||Forest Hill|
- The Crystal Palace
- Crystal Palace Park
- Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
- Crystal Palace railway station
- Crystal Palace (High Level) railway station
- Crystal Palace pneumatic railway
- Crystal Palace circuit
- Mills, Anthony David (2001). Dictionary of London Place Names. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-280106-6
- Ordnance Survey (1862). Spot Height in feet, TQ337707 (Map). Ordnance Survey.
- F. H. W. Sheppard (General Editor) (1956). "Norwood: Introduction". Survey of London: volume 26: Lambeth: Southern area. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Hughes, Pete (28 May 2012). "Crystal Palace Triangle: How life in the three London boroughs compares.". Croydon Advertiser. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Upper Norwood Triangle Conservation Area Appraisal and Management Plan" (PDF). Croydon Borough Council. p. 12. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Ordnance Survey (1933). 1933 Ordnance Survey Map (Map). Ordnance Survey.
- Potter, Russell (29 January 2007). "The Crystal Palace". Retrieved 12 October 2008.
- "Haynes Lane Market". Visit London Official Visitor Guide. London and Partners. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- Bloss, Andrew (17 May 2013). "New farmers market comes to Crystal Palace". Streatham Guardian. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Introducing the East London Line: Crystal Palace". Londonist. Londonist. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- Green, Jerry (21 March 2014). "New Bid to Use Former Cinema for Church Services ‘Dual purpose’ application expected". Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Church's silence on bingo club's future". Croydon Advertiser. 26 November 2010. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Cinema protest at disused site". Croydon Advertiser. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
- "Television for Millions". Popular Mechanics Magazine 64 (3): 321–323. September 1935. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Crystal Palace Transmitter". SkyscraperPage.com. Retrieved 26 June 2008.
- "About Crystal Palace Park — History of the park". London Borough of Bromley Website. London Borough of Bromley. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- Williams, David (17 May 2013). "Motor to the Palace for action-packed vintage racing". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "The 70s Crystal Palace Garden Parties". Mish Mash Vintage Website. Mish Mash Vintage. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- Hipwell, Deirdre (26 July 2013). "Crystal Palace may rise from ashes ... thanks to a Chinese billionaire". The Times. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
- "Capital Ring, Section 3, Grove Park to Crystal Palace" (PDF). Walk London. April 2010. Retrieved 21 September 2013.
- "Westow Park". Croydon Council Website. Croydon Council. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Fowler, Joshua (20 May 2013). "Crystal Palace Overground Festival announces Acorn Group sponsorship". Bromley Times. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Stambourne Woodland Walk History". Croydon Council Website. Croydon Council. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "UK climate — Averages — Crystal Palace National Sports CentreUK climate — Averages — Crystal Palace National Sports Centre". Met Office website. Met Office. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Soilscapes". National Soils Research Institute. Cranfield University. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- "London, Greater London: Average conditions". BBC Weather. Archived from the original on 28 February 2011.
- "August 2003 — Hot spell". Met Office. Archived from the original on 28 February 2011.
- "Monthly temperature records by country". Met Office. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
- "Greenwich 1981–2010 averages". Met Office. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "NOAA". NOAA.
- "London boroughs map and profiles". LondonCouncils Website. London Councils. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- Patterson, Doug (23 May 2014). "Declaration of result of poll — Bromley Election of Borough Councillors for Crystal Palace". London Borough of Bromley Website. London Borough of Bromley. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- "Croydon elections: Upper Norwood results". Croydon Advertiser. 23 May 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- "Election results for Gipsy Hill". Lambeth Council Website. Lambeth Council. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- "2014 council elections College". Southwark Council Website. Southwark Council. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- "Election results for 22 May 2014". Lewisham Council Website. Lewisham Council. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- "The film — locations — UK locations". The Italian Job website. The Italian Job.com. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "The Italian Job — Filming Locations". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "The Pleasure Garden". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Out Mother's House Filming Locations". Internet Movie Database. IMDb.com. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "A south London past – musings on Crystal Palace". Ivory Bunker blog. Ivory Bunker. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Luminatrix (1 December 2007). "Music Review: H.E.R.R. - Fire And Glass: A Norwood Tragedy". Heathen Harvest Website. Heathen Harvest. Archived from the original on 18 September 2012. Retrieved 23 September 2013.
- The Norwood Author — Arthur Conan Doyle & The Norwood Years (1891–1894) by Alistair Duncan ISBN 978-1-904312-69-7
- Joh Tipping (22 February 2013). "Book review: ‘The Sound of Broken Glass’ by Deborah Crombie". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
- Byfield, Terry. "History". Crystal Palace Football Club website. Crystal Palace Football Club. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Welcome to the CPT website". Crystal Palace Triathletes Website. Crystal Palace Triathletes. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Living in Crystal Palace". Foxtons Website. Foxtons. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- "Crystal Palace Park centre". Capel Manor College website. Capel Manor College. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- "WANTED: More primary school places for Crystal Palace". Crystal Palace Primary School website. Crystal Palace Primary School. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- Davis, Anna (24 June 2013). "London primary schools places crisis". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- "Our Project Timeline". Crystal Palace Primary School website. Crystal Palace Primary School. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- "Location" (Press release). Crystal Palace Primary School Limited. 10 June 2014. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- "Crystal Palace National Sports Centre Development Options: Public Consultation". Survey – Euro Confirmit website. Greater London Authority. Retrieved 20 October 2014.
- Marshall, Chris. "South Cross Route to Parkway D Radial". Chris's British Road Directory. cbrd.co.uk. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Open Cycle Map". OpenCycleMap. OpenCycleMap. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "National Rail Enquiries". National Rail Website. National Rail. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "London's Rail and Tube Services" (PDF). Transport for London. Transport for London. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Site Name: Crystal Palace High Level Station subway". Subterranea Britannica. Subterranea Britannica. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Estimates of station usage". Rail Statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Retrieved 29 September 2013.
- "East London Line reaches Highbury and Islington". Railway Gazette International. 28 February 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Crystal Palace refurbishment complete". Transport for London website. Transport for London. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
- Mike Didymus (31 August 2010). "Ken Livingstone looks to China to regenerate Croydon". This is Local London.
- Truman, Peter (6 January 2009). "Renewed hope for Crystal Palace tram". Streatham Guardian. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
- "Bus maps". Transport for London website. Transport for London. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Blue Plaque for Marie Stopes". English Heritage Website. English Heritage. 29 July 2010. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Blue Plaques in Bromley". London Borough of Bromley Website. London Borough of Bromley. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- Blundy, Rachel (10 June 2012). "Carter USM frontman to open Crystal Palace festival". Your Local Guardian. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Aldridge, Ira (1807–1867)". English Heritage Website. English Heritage. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Zola, Emile (1840–1902)". English Heritage Website. English Heritage. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Smith, Sir Francis Pettit (1808–1874)". English Heritage Website. English Heritage. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Watts, Matt (15 September 2009). "Mercury winner, Speech Debelle, to quit south London over traffic congestion". Croydon Guardian. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Hitler: The Adjournment [Paperback]". Amazon Website. Amazon. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Reed, Nicholas (1995). Camille Pissarro at Crystal Palace. Lilburne Press. p. 64. ISBN 0-9515258-9-1.
- "Camille Pissarro (1830–1903) impressionist painter stayed on this site 1870–71". Open Plaques Website. Open Plaques. Retrieved 22 June 2013.
- Alan R. Warwick The Phoenix Suburb: A South London Social History; Publisher: Norwood Society; ISBN 0-904034-01-1
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Crystal Palace.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Crystal Palace.|
- Crystal Palace Foundation
- Crystal Palace Community Association
- Crystal Palace and Norwood Chamber of Commerce
- Draft Upper Norwood Triangle Conservation Plan
- Historical images of Crystal Palace
- The Transmitter – local magazine
- Upper Norwood Library
- Virtual Norwood – community web site
- The Norwood Society
|Section 3:||Capital Ring Walking Route||Section 4:|
|Grove Park||Crystal Palace||Streatham|