Crystal Palace National Sports Centre

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Crystal Palace National Sports Centre
Crystal Palace athletics stadium.jpg
The National Athletics Stadium
Location Crystal Palace, London, England
Coordinates 51°25′08.7″N 0°04′07.7″W / 51.419083°N 0.068806°W / 51.419083; -0.068806Coordinates: 51°25′08.7″N 0°04′07.7″W / 51.419083°N 0.068806°W / 51.419083; -0.068806
Operator Greenwich Leisure Limited
Capacity 16,000
Construction
Broke ground 1964
Opened 1964 (1964)
Tenants
London Grand Prix
Website
www.gll.org/centre/crystal-palace-national-sports-centre.asp

The National Sports Centre at Crystal Palace in south London, England is a large sports centre and athletics stadium. It was opened in 1964 in Crystal Palace Park, close to the site of the former Crystal Palace, and is on the same site as the FA Cup Final venue which was used here between 1895 and 1914.

It was one of the five National Sports Centres, run on behalf of Sport England, but responsibility was transferred to the London Development Agency (now GLA Land and Property) and is managed by Greenwich Leisure Limited. It is a Grade II* listed building.[1]

The athletics stadium has a capacity of 15,500, which can be increased up to 24,000 with temporary seating. It hosts international athletics meetings. The complex also hosts a 50 m swimming pool. However both the athletics stadium and the aquatics centre have been superseded as London's main facilities for their sports by the Olympic Stadium and the London Aquatics Centre which were constructed in Stratford in east London for the 2012 Summer Olympics.

Sports[edit]

Athletics[edit]

The National Sports Centre

The current 15,500 seater athletics stadium was built on the site of the football ground by M J Gleeson and opened in 1964.[2] Since 1999 it has hosted the London Grand Prix. The stadium can be expanded to 24,000 with temporary seating if required. With the opening of the London Olympic Stadium in 2012, its future as a stadium hosting athletics events is in doubt. Crystal Palace F.C. has submitted plans to rebuild the stadium as a 40,000 seater football stadium without a running track, but with a new indoor aquatic and sports centre as part of the complex.[3]

Football[edit]

National Sports Centre

The current athletics stadium is on the same land as a previous football ground,[4] which hosted the FA Cup final from 1895 to 1914 as well as other sports. In 1905, the owners wanted their own football club to play at the venue, so Crystal Palace FC, was formed. They were forced to leave by the military, in 1915, and now play at nearby Selhurst Park, though the Reserve side did play at the NSC in the 2000–01 season. The largest 'domestic' attendance ever at the stadium was in the 1913 Cup final between Aston Villa and Sunderland, when 121,919 spectators squeezed into the stands. The previous world record had been the 1901 Cup Final, when 114,815 amassed to watch Tottenham Hotspur and Sheffield United draw 2–2, (Spurs won the replay at Burnden Park).

For several seasons, Crystal Palace have played several reserve team matches at the centre, most recently in 2001, and in January 2011 the club's owners announced plans to relocate the club back to the site of the NSC, redeveloping it into a 40,000-seater, purpose-built football stadium.[3] Tottenham Hotspur F.C. also released plans to redevelop the NSC into a 25,000-seater stadium, maintaining it as an athletics stadium, as part of their plans to redevelop the Olympic Stadium after the 2012 Summer Olympics and Paralympics.[5] However, Spurs' plans were cancelled due to their failure to obtain the Olympic Stadium, and now the path is clear for Palace to pursue the site.

The following international matches have been played at Crystal Palace:

  • 3 April 1897 – England 1–2 Scotland
  • 30 March 1901 – England 2–2 Scotland
  • 1 April 1905 – England 1–0 Scotland
  • 3 April 1909 – England 2–0 Scotland
  • 4 March 1911 – England Amateurs 4–0 Belgium

Crystal Palace FA Cup Finals 1895–1914[edit]

A panoramic view of the Crystal Palace ground during the 1905 FA Cup Final, the only such photograph of the stadium known to exist

Twenty-one teams competed in the twenty FA Cup Finals staged at Crystal Palace, with ten different winners. Four more teams won the FA Cup during this time, after replays at other grounds. All but two of the finalists from that era a century ago are still playing in either the Premier League or the Football League Championship, the exceptions being Bradford City, and Bury. Newcastle United appeared in the most finals at the ground, five, but never lifted the cup there, whilst Aston Villa won all four of their games there.

Results of finals at Crystal Palace

Year Attendance Winner Runner-up Notes
1895 42,560 Aston Villa 1 West Bromwich Albion 0
1896 48,036 Sheffield Wednesday 2 Wolverhampton Wanderers 1
1897 65,891 Aston Villa 3 Everton 2
1898 62,017 Nottingham Forest 3 Derby County 1
1899 73,833 Sheffield United 4 Derby County 1
1900 68,945 Bury 4 Southampton 0
1901 110,802 Tottenham Hotspur 2 Sheffield United 2 3–1 in replay at Burnden Park, Bolton
1902 76,914[6] Sheffield United 1 Southampton 1
Replay 33,050 Sheffield United 2 Southampton 0
1903 64,000 Bury 6 Derby County 0 Largest ever cup final victory
1904 61,734 Manchester City 1 Bolton Wanderers 0
1905 101,117 Aston Villa 2 Newcastle United 0
1906 75,609 Everton 1 Newcastle United 0
1907 84,584 Sheffield Wednesday 2 Everton 1
1908 74,967 Wolverhampton Wanderers 3 Newcastle United 1
1909 67,651 Manchester United 1 Bristol City 0
1910 76,980 Newcastle United 1 Barnsley 1 2–0 in replay at Goodison Park, Liverpool
1911 69,098 Bradford City 0 Newcastle United 0 1–0 in replay at Old Trafford, Manchester
1912 54,434 Barnsley 0 West Bromwich Albion 0 1–0 in replay at Bramall Lane, Sheffield
1913 120,028 Aston Villa 1 Sunderland 0
1914 72,778 Burnley 1 Liverpool 0

FA Cup Wins at Crystal Palace

4 Aston Villa
2 Bury, Sheffield United, Sheffield Wednesday
1 Burnley, Everton, Manchester City, Manchester United, Nottingham Forest, Wolverhampton Wanderers

Crystal Palace FA Cup Final Appearances

5 Newcastle United
4 Aston Villa
3 Derby County, Everton, Sheffield United
2 Barnsley, Bury, Sheffield Wednesday, Southampton, West Bromwich Albion, Wolverhampton Wanderers
1 Bolton Wanderers, Bradford City, Bristol City, Burnley, Liverpool, Manchester City, Manchester United, Nottingham Forest, Sunderland, Tottenham Hotspur

Goals Scored in FA Cup Finals at Crystal Palace

10 Bury
9 Sheffield United
7 Aston Villa
4 Everton, Sheffield Wednesday, Wolverhampton Wanderers
3 Nottingham Forest; 2 Derby County, Newcastle United, Southampton, Tottenham Hotspur
1 Barnsley, Burnley, Manchester City, Manchester United
0 Bolton Wanderers, Bradford City, Bristol City, Liverpool, Sunderland, West Bromwich Albion

Goals Conceded in F.A. Cup Finals at Crystal Palace

13 Derby County
7 Newcastle United, Southampton
5 Everton, Sheffield United
3 Wolverhampton Wanderers
2 Aston Villa, Sheffield Wednesday, Tottenham Hotspur
1 Barnsley, Bolton Wanderers, Bristol City, Liverpool, Nottingham Forest, Sunderland, West Bromwich Albion
0 Bradford City, Burnley, Bury, Manchester City, Manchester United

Rugby[edit]

England v New Zealand, 1905, as The Original All Blacks beat the British squad at the Crystal Palace before a then record crowd of 45,000.

On 2 December 1905, the ground also held the first England Rugby Union international match against New Zealand in England, New Zealand winning 15–0.

On Wednesday 18 August 1965, the ground was the venue of the Rugby league match in which the Commonwealth XIII were defeated 7–15 by New Zealand.[7]

It also played host to Fulham Rugby League in the mid-1980s for a couple of seasons, after they were forced to leave their previous ground of Craven Cottage.

Cricket[edit]

W. G. Grace in the colours of London County, painted by Albert Chevallier Tayler

London County Cricket Club was a short-lived cricket club founded by the Crystal Palace Company.[8] In 1898 they invited W. G. Grace to help them form a first-class cricket club. Grace accepted the offer and became the club's secretary, manager and captain. As a result, he severed his connection with Gloucestershire County Cricket Club during the 1899 season. The club played first-class matches from 1900 to 1904.[9][10] Some of the best players of the time played some matches for the club while continuing to play for their usual teams, among them CB Fry, Johnny Douglas and K S Ranjitsinhji. However, the games were little more than exhibition games — and money-making exercises for Dr Grace — and so it quickly lost its first-class status, and with that the ability to attract the top players. It folded in 1908.

Basketball[edit]

The 3,500 capacity indoor Arena at the National Sports Centre was also home to the first team of former British Basketball League team's Crystal Palace and London Towers. Crystal Palace eventually merged into the London Towers organisation in the mid-1990s, whilst after great success domestically and in European competition the Towers ran into severe financial difficulties and folded its professional team in 2006. During its most successful period, Towers alternated between Crystal Palace and Wembley Arena as its home venues.

For the 2012-2013 season, the London Lions plays home games at Crystal Palace National Sports Centre until they move to the Copper Box in 2013.

American Football[edit]

The Sports Arena was used by the London Monarchs, who also played some games at the stadium as England Monarchs before the team became defunct. The Monarchs were a very successful team that competed at the top of their league, prior to their deletion by the NFL – who controlled the franchises.

The main stadium pitch is currently used by the London Olympians and is the home of the Great Britain Lions, the national American football team. The stadium played host to the 2011 Britbowl, the championship game of the British American Football League, which was won by the London Blitz.

Motor Racing[edit]

Crystal Palace race circuit was located in Crystal Palace park, the outline of the track can still be seen on maps providing access to the Crystal Palace National Sports Centre that is also located in the park.

The circuit opened in 1927 and the first race, for motorcycles, was on 21 May 1927. The circuit was 1 mile long, and ran on pre-existing paths through the park, including a loop past the lake. The surface had tarmac-covered bends, but the straights only had hard-packed gravel.

Improvements begun in December 1936 increased the circuit to 2 miles, and tarmac-covered the entire length. 20 cars entered the first London Grand Prix on 17 July 1937, a race eventually won by Prince Bira in his ERA R2B Romulus at an average speed of 56.5 mph (91 km/h). Later that year, during the International Imperial Trophy meeting also won by Bira, the BBC broadcast the first ever televised motor racing.

With the outbreak of World War II, the park was taken over by the Ministry of Defence, and it would not be until 1953 that race meetings could take place again. The circuit had been reduced in length to 1.39 miles, bypassing the loop past the lake, and pressure from the local residents reduced motor sport in the park to five days a year. A variety of races took place at the circuit including sports cars, Formula Three, the London Trophy for Formula Two, and even non-championship Formula One races.

The last International meeting was in May 1972, the final lap record going to Mike Hailwood at an average speed of 103.39 mph (166 km/h). The final meeting was held on 23 September 1972, but club events continued until 1974. Although the circuit no longer exists, it can be driven in the Grand Prix Legends historical motor racing simulation, for which it was recreated in detail. It was later converted to several other racing simulation programs. Adjacent to the Olympic swimming pool exists a small race circuit for radio-controlled cars. The site is the home of the London Radio Car Club (LRCC).

The first British Motor Show (then known as the 'London Motor Show', which was one of the first of its kind in the world), was held at Crystal Palace in 1903. Organised by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) it subsequently moved to Olympia for the next 32 years.

Crystal Palace Park[edit]

GAC Sports Arena
Crystal Palace Park stadium.jpg
Artist's impression of the proposed Crystal Palace Arena and redeveloped National Sports Centre
Owner Crystal Palace F.C
Operator Crystal Palace F.C
Capacity 25,000 (Initial)
40,000 (Proposed)
Surface Desso GrassMaster
Construction
Opened 2015 (scheduled)
Construction cost £50,000,000 to £70,000,000
Tenants
Crystal Palace F.C.

Crystal Palace Sports Arena is a proposed football stadium which would be built in Crystal Palace, London, England, and would replace Selhurst Park as the home stadium of Crystal Palace Football Club. Announced in January 2011, the stadium is a redevelopment of the current Crystal Palace National Sports Centre and is expected to be ready for the 2015-2016 football season. Crystal Palace F.C. has submitted plans to rebuild the stadium as a 40,000 seater football stadium without a running track, but with a new indoor aquatic and sports centre as part of the complex.[11] A London Tramlink extension to the area is planned to coincide with the completion of the stadium.

References[edit]

  1. ^ English Heritage. "Details from listed building database (468978)". Images of England. 
  2. ^ "Gleeson spurns takeover advance". Yorkshire Post. 9 January 2006. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Eagles Fly Home". Crystal Palace F.C. 28 June 2011. Archived from the original on 7 September 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Postcard image of the stadium
  5. ^ Tottenham release images of proposed Crystal Palace
  6. ^ FA Cup final 1902 match report
  7. ^ "…and win at Crystal Palace". rugbyleague.org. 31 December 2008. Retrieved 1 January 2009. 
  8. ^ History of the Crystal Palace Company
  9. ^ Alan Gibson: The Cricket Captains of England (1989), p57.
  10. ^ Christopher Martin-Jenkins: The Wisden Book of County Cricket (1981), p441.
  11. ^ "Eagles Fly Home". Crystal Palace FC. 28 June 2011. Archived from the original on 7 September 2011. Retrieved 13 October 2013. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Goodison Park
Liverpool
FA Cup
Final Venue

1895–1914
Succeeded by
Old Trafford
Manchester