Csík County

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"Csík" redirects here. For other uses, see Csík (disambiguation).
Csík County
Csík vármegye
Comitatul Ciuc
Komitat Tschick
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920

Coat of arms of Csík

Coat of arms

Location of Csík
Capital Csíkszereda
46°22′N 25°48′E / 46.367°N 25.800°E / 46.367; 25.800Coordinates: 46°22′N 25°48′E / 46.367°N 25.800°E / 46.367; 25.800
History
 -  Established 1876
 -  Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 -  1910 5,064 km2 (1,955 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 145,720 
Density 28.8 /km2  (74.5 /sq mi)
Today part of Romania
Miercurea Ciuc is the current name of the capital.
Contemporary map of the county

Csík (Hungarian, in Romanian: Ciuc) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in central Romania (eastern Transylvania). The capital of the county was Csíkszereda (now Miercurea Ciuc).

Geography[edit]

Csík county shared borders with Kingdom of Romania and the Hungarian counties Beszterce-Naszód, Maros-Torda, Udvarhely and Háromszék. The county was situated in the Carpathian Mountains, around the sources and upper courses of the rivers Olt and Mureş. Its area was 4859 km² around 1910.

Demography[edit]

In 1891, the county had 114,110 inhabitants, according to ethnicity:

Hungarians
  
87%
Romanians
  
13%

In 1900, the county had a population of 128,382 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, county had a population of 145,720 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

History[edit]

The Csík region was a combination of three settlements (seats) of the Székely: Csíkszék, Gyergyószék and Kászonszék. Csík county was formed in 1876, when the administrative structure of Transylvania was changed. In 1920 the Treaty of Trianon assigned the territory of Csík county to the Kingdom of Romania. It returned to Hungary with the Second Vienna Award of 1940, but was given again to Romania at the end of World War II. Its territory lies in the present-day Romanian counties Harghita and Neamţ (a small part in the north-east).

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Csík county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Felcsík Csíkszereda, RO Miercurea Ciuc
Gyergyószentmiklós Gyergyószentmiklós, RO Gheorgheni
Gyergyótölgyes Gyergyótölgyes, RO Tulgheș
Kászonalcsík Csíkszentmárton, RO Sânmartin
Szépvíz Szépvíz, RO Frumoasa
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Csíkszereda, RO Miercurea Ciuc
Gyergyószentmiklós, RO Gheorgheni

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-07. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-19.