Csongrád County (former)

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Csongrád County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
12th century–1920

Coat of arms of Csongrád

Coat of arms

Location of Csongrád
Capital Szentes
46°39′N 20°16′E / 46.650°N 20.267°E / 46.650; 20.267Coordinates: 46°39′N 20°16′E / 46.650°N 20.267°E / 46.650; 20.267
History
 -  Established 12th century
 -  Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 -  1910 3,569 km2 (1,378 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 325,568 
Density 91.2 /km2  (236.3 /sq mi)
Today part of Hungary, Serbia

Csongrád (Hungarian: Csongrád, Serbian: Čongrad or Чонград) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory, which was smaller than that of present Csongrád county, is now in southern Hungary and northern Serbia. The capital of the county was Szentes.

Name[edit]

The name Csongrád/Čongrad is Slavic by origin. In Slavic languages, this name means "a black city" (čon/čorni = black, grad = city/town). Indeed, the county was named after a town of Csongrád.

Geography[edit]

Csongrád county shared borders with the Hungarian counties Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Békés, Csanád, Torontál and Bács-Bodrog. The river Tisza flowed through the county. Its area was 3,544 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

Csongrád county arose in the 11th century as one of the first comitatus of the Kingdom of Hungary. It was taken by the Ottoman Empire in the 16th century, and by the Habsburg Monarchy in the end of the 17th century.

In 1920, the Treaty of Trianon assigned a small part of the territory of the county (a small area around Horgoš in northern Vojvodina) to the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (renamed to Yugoslavia in 1929). The rest remained in Hungary.

After World War II, the southern part of former Csanád-Arad-Torontál county (the Hungarian part of pre-1918 Torontál county and the south-western part of pre-1918 Csanád county) was added to Csongrád county.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 296,111 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 325,568 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Csongrád county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Csongrád Csongrád
Tiszáninnen Kiskundorozsma
Tiszántúl Mindszent
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Hódmezővásárhely
Szeged
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Szentes

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-25.