Cuanza Norte Province

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Cuanza Norte
Province
Cuanza Norte, province of Angola
Cuanza Norte, province of Angola
Country Angola
Capital N'dalatando
Area
 • Total 24,110 km2 (9,310 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 653,961
 • Density 27/km2 (70/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code AO-CNO
Website www.kwanzanorte.gov.ao

Coordinates: 9°1′S 15°4′E / 9.017°S 15.067°E / -9.017; 15.067 The Cuanza Norte Province or Kwanza Norte Province is a province of Angola. N'Dalantando is the capital and the province has an area of 24,110 km² and a population of approximately 400,000.[1] According to 1988 US government statistics, the province has a population of 365,100, with just 18,000 living in urban areas. Manuel Pedro Pacavira was born here and is a former provincial governor. The 1,400 meter long Capanda Dam is located in this province.[2] Cuanza Norte lies on the northern bank of the Cuanza River. It had been a territory of Ngola Kingdom. In 1914, Norton de Matos created District of Cuanza which was divided into Cuanza Norte and Cuanza Sul Provinces in 1917.[3]

It was badly affected during the Angolan Civil War.[3] It has a large number of mines left over from the Civil War and contracts to clear them were given to several organisations.[4] During the civil war, the insurgents made the province part of the central zone.[5] On 5 April 2001, National Union for the Total Independence of Angola members attacked Samba Caju and killed 120 FAA members. The province's military commander, General Recordacao was also killed in the attack.[6]

The most spoken languages are Chokwe, Kikongo and Kimbundu.[7] Mbundu people inhabit the province.[8] They are the second largest ethnic group of Angola after Ovimbundu people.[9] Sugarcane and coffee are the most important agricultural crops. Their production is favoured by the tropical humid climate of the province.[2]

Municipalities[edit]

The province of Cuanza Norte contains 13 municipalities (municípios):[10]

Município Capital[11][12] Area (km2)[11][12] Pop. (2006 est)[11][12]
Ambaca Camabatela 3,080 123,244
Banga Banga 1,260 23,284
Bolongongo Bolongongo 1,061 31,288
Bula-Atumba Bula 3,604 56,718
Cambambe Dondo 5,212 91,984
Cazengo N'Dalatando 1,793 109,256
Dembos Quibaxe 2,444 58,941
Golungo Alto Golungo Alto 1,989 69,918
Gonguembo Gonguembo 1,400 37,405
Lucala Lucala 1,718 41,792
Pango-Aluquém Pango 2,754 45,680
Quiculungo Quiculungo 475 30,152
Samba Cajú Samba Cajú 2,012 95,638

Some sources show the following municipalities in Bengo province: Bula-Atumba,[12] Dembos,[12][13] and Pango-Aluquém,[12][13] while others list those three in Cuanza Norte (Kwanza Norte) province.[10]

Communes[edit]

The province of Cuanza Norte contains the following communes (comunas):[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ James 2011, p. 297.
  2. ^ a b James 2011, p. 75.
  3. ^ a b "Cuanza Norte Province". Angola Press. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  4. ^ Vines 1997, p. 54.
  5. ^ Weigert 2011, p. 153.
  6. ^ Weigert 2011, p. 161.
  7. ^ James 2011, p. 147.
  8. ^ George 2004, p. 5.
  9. ^ James 2011, p. 92.
  10. ^ a b "Reference Center: Provinces". Angolan Embassy in the United States. Archived from the original on 11 Feb 2006. 
  11. ^ a b c "Angola Statistics: Kuanza Norte". GeoHive. Retrieved 28 Feb 2010. "Source: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, Angola. Instituto Nacional de Segurança Social, Angola." 
  12. ^ a b c d e f "Angola Statistics: Bengo". GeoHive. Retrieved 28 Feb 2010. 
  13. ^ a b (Portuguese) "Bengo: Municípios". Info-Angola. Retrieved 27 Feb 2010. 
  14. ^ (Portuguese) "Kwanza-Norte: Comunas". Info-Angola. Retrieved 27 Feb 2010. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]