Cuanza Norte Province
Cuanza Norte, province of Angola
|• Total||24,110 km2 (9,310 sq mi)|
|• Density||27/km2 (70/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||AO-CNO|
Coordinates: The Cuanza Norte Province or Kwanza Norte Province is a province of Angola. N'Dalantando is the capital and the province has an area of 24,110 km² and a population of approximately 400,000. According to 1988 US government statistics, the province has a population of 365,100, with just 18,000 living in urban areas. Manuel Pedro Pacavira was born here and is a former provincial governor. The 1,400 meter long Capanda Dam is located in this province. Cuanza Norte lies on the northern bank of the Cuanza River. It had been a territory of Ngola Kingdom. In 1914, Norton de Matos created District of Cuanza which was divided into Cuanza Norte and Cuanza Sul Provinces in 1917.
It was badly affected during the Angolan Civil War. It has a large number of mines left over from the Civil War and contracts to clear them were given to several organisations. During the civil war, the insurgents made the province part of the central zone. On 5 April 2001, National Union for the Total Independence of Angola members attacked Samba Caju and killed 120 FAA members. The province's military commander, General Recordacao was also killed in the attack.
The most spoken languages are Chokwe, Kikongo and Kimbundu. Mbundu people inhabit the province. They are the second largest ethnic group of Angola after Ovimbundu people. Sugarcane and coffee are the most important agricultural crops. Their production is favoured by the tropical humid climate of the province.
|Município||Capital||Area (km2)||Pop. (2006 est)|
|Golungo Alto||Golungo Alto||1,989||69,918|
|Samba Cajú||Samba Cajú||2,012||95,638|
Some sources show the following municipalities in Bengo province: Bula-Atumba, Dembos, and Pango-Aluquém, while others list those three in Cuanza Norte (Kwanza Norte) province.
- James 2011, p. 297.
- James 2011, p. 75.
- "Cuanza Norte Province". Angola Press. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- Vines 1997, p. 54.
- Weigert 2011, p. 153.
- Weigert 2011, p. 161.
- James 2011, p. 147.
- George 2004, p. 5.
- James 2011, p. 92.
- "Reference Center: Provinces". Angolan Embassy in the United States. Archived from the original on 11 Feb 2006.
- "Angola Statistics: Kuanza Norte". GeoHive. Retrieved 28 Feb 2010. "Source: Instituto Nacional de Estatística, Angola. Instituto Nacional de Segurança Social, Angola."
- "Angola Statistics: Bengo". GeoHive. Retrieved 28 Feb 2010.
- (Portuguese) "Bengo: Municípios". Info-Angola. Retrieved 27 Feb 2010.
- (Portuguese) "Kwanza-Norte: Comunas". Info-Angola. Retrieved 27 Feb 2010.
- George, Edward (2004). Cuban Intervention in Angola, 1965-1991: From Che Guevara to Cuito Cuanavale. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-26933-4.
- James, W. Martin (2011). Historical Dictionary of Angola. Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-7458-9.
- Vines, Alex (1997). Still Killing: Landmines in Southern Africa. Human Rights Watch. p. 54. ISBN 978-1-56432-206-7.
- Weigert, Stephen L. (2011). Angola: A Modern Military History, 1961-2002. Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-33783-1.
- Official website of province governor
- Information on this province at the Angolan ministry for territorial administration
- Information on this province at Info Angola
- US government statistics from 1988
- Angolan embassy in the UK official population statistics