Cuanza Sul Province
Cuanza Sul, province of Angola
|• Total||58,698 km2 (22,663 sq mi)|
|• Density||23/km2 (60/sq mi)|
|ISO 3166 code||AO-CUS|
Cuanza Sul Province is a province of Angola. It has an area of 55,660 km² and a population of approximately 601,000. Sumbe is the capital of the province. Municipalities in this province include Porto Amboim, Seles, Conda, Amboim, Quilenda, Libolo, Mussende, Quibala, Waku-Kungo, Cassongue and Ebo. Don Francisco Inocêncio de Sousa Coutinho (pt) founded the province in 1769 as Novo Redondo. Kibalas, N'goias, Musseles, Mussumbas and Bailundos are the major ethnic groups in the province. Kimbundu language is the most used one. Umbundu is also spoken. Bengo Province and Cuanza Norte Province are located to its north. Malanje and Bie Provinces are located to its east, while Huambo and Benguela provinces border it in south. The province's coastline facing the Atlantic Ocean is 180 kms. in length. Sumbe and Porto Amboim are major fish processing centres.
The province's governor is Eusébio de Brito Teixeira. António da Gama Lopes Teixeira, Mateus Alves Morais de Brito and Maria de Lourdes Sousa Abambres Veiga are deputy governors for Technical and infrastructure Services, Economic Sector Area and Political and Social Sector Area respectively.
Cuanza Sul lies on the southern bank of the Cuanza River. The province has large deposits of alluvial and eluvial diamonds and Gypsum. The province was badly affected during the Angolan Civil War (1975-2002). A large number of civilians were killed in the clashes between National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) and Angolan Armed Forces (FAA). Coffee plantations and field were destroyed. Frequent attacks forced people to leave their municipalities. UNITA had opened its central front in the province. Around 116,000 displaced people were living in camps. Majority of them were from the rural areas and the densely populated plateau regions. On 17 December 2000, the UNITA combatants killed 31 FAA soldiers and looted vehicles, arms and about 20,000 litres of diesel in Quibala. In April 2001 they attacked FAA outposts and captured firearms.
Landmines laid during the civil war are still present and contracts to clear them were given to different organisations. They are still present in several areas. The province has a high density of landmines. Coffee, cotton, fruits, rice and tobacco are the major agricultural products. The Independent University of Angola is located in the province's capital and has emerged as the most important educational centre in the province. Established in August 2003 it offers courses in agronomy, veterinary science and forestry.
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