Cuban-American Treaty of Relations

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In May 1903, the United States signed a Treaty of Relations with Cuba,[1] to formalize the relationship between the two countries. Cuba agreed that they

  • 1. shall not permit a foreign power to obtain a naval base on the island
  • 2. shall not go into excessive debt
  • 3. give the US the right to intervene in Cuba for the maintenance of (an adequate) government
  • 4. approve of all prior military actions
  • 5. shall act to reduce infectious diseases
  • 6. shall not claim the Isle of Pines as Cuban territory unless the US agrees
  • 7. shall later lease to the United States lands for naval stations

The Platt Amendment authorized the president to withdraw troops from Cuba provided that he secure these specific promises from Cuba by treaty. This is that treaty.

In 1925, the Hay-Quesada Treaty recognized the Isle of Pines as Cuban territory.

In 1934, the 1903 Treaty of Relations was superseded by another Treaty of Relations,[2] with Articles that both parties

  • 1. abrogate the 1903 Treaty of Relations, except
  • 2. approve of all prior military actions
  • 3. affirm the lease, unless modified or abrogated by mutual consent, and
affirming the territorial area of the Guantanamo Naval Station in effect in 1934,
unless changed by mutual consent, or abandoned by the US
  • 4. allow the base to be quarantined in time of contagion

One motivation for the 1934 Treaty of Relations was to remove the irritating provisions of the 1903 Treaty, as part of Franklin Roosevelt's Good Neighbor Policy. Provisions of the 1903 Treaty were seen to be an affront to Cuban sovereignty.

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