Cuban convertible peso
|Cuban convertible peso|
|peso cubano convertible (Spanish)|
|ISO 4217 code||CUC|
|Central bank||Central Bank of Cuba|
|Source||The World Factbook, 2006 est.|
|Pegged with||convertible peso = 1.00 U.S. dollars|
|Symbol||$, CUC or CUC$|
|centavo convertible||¢ or c|
|Freq. used||1¢, 5¢, 10¢, 25¢, 50¢, $1|
|Banknotes||$1, $3, $5, $10, $20, $50, $100|
The convertible peso (sometimes given as CUC$) (informally called a chavito), is one of two official currencies in Cuba, the other being the peso. It has been in limited use since 1994, when it was treated as equivalent to the U.S. dollar: its value was officially US$1.00. On 8 November 2004, the U.S. dollar ceased to be accepted in Cuban retail outlets leaving the convertible peso as the only currency in circulation in many Cuban businesses. Officially exchangeable only within the country, its value was increased to US$1.08 on 5 April 2008, and reverted to US$1.00 on 15 March 2011. The convertible peso is, by the pegged rate, the twelfth-highest-valued currency unit in the world and the highest valued "peso" unit.
From 1993 until 2004, the Cuban currency was split between the Cuban peso (the currency Cuban citizens are paid in and used for staples and non-luxury items) and the U.S. dollar in combination with the convertible peso, which was a foreign exchange certificate (in use since at least 1985) used for tourism and for luxury items. The Cuban peso (CUP) can be exchanged to the convertible peso (CUC) at the exchange offices (CADECA), at a fixed rate of 24 CUP to 1 CUC (sell) and 25 CUP to 1 CUC (buy); however, for state household book-keeping purposes, both pesos are valued at a 1:1 rate.
On 8 November 2004, the Cuban government withdrew the U.S. dollar from circulation citing the need to retaliate against further U.S. sanctions. After a grace period ending on November 14, 2004, a 10% surcharge began to be imposed when converting U.S. dollars into convertible pesos. The change was announced some weeks beforehand and was extended by the aforementioned grace period (it has been claimed this was because the amounts of US dollars being exchanged were more than anticipated). This measure helped the Cuban government collect hard currency.
In 1994, coins were introduced in denominations of 5, 10, 25 and 50 centavos, and 1 peso. 5 pesos (rarely seen) was introduced in 1999, followed by 1 centavo coins in 2000.
In 1994, the Banco Central de Cuba introduced notes in denominations of 1, 3, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 pesos. On December 18, 2006, the Banco Central de Cuba introduced a new series of notes themed to "Socialist History and Achievements". The front of the notes are similar to its previous series, but on the back of the notes, instead of depicting the Cuban coat of arms on all denominations, each of the notes now have individualized designs.
|2006 Series "Socialist History and Achievements" |
|Image||Value||Dimensions||Main Color||Description||Date of issue||Date of first issue||Watermark|
|||$1||150 x 70 mm||Dark green, tan, and yellow||Monument to José Martí in Havana||Death of José Martí in combat atop a horse at the Battle of Dos Rios||2006||December 18, 2006||José Martí and electrotype 1|
|||$3||150 x 70 mm||Red, pink, and light green||Monument to Ernesto 'Che' Guevara in Santa Clara||Battle of Santa Clara: tank, derailed train, and soldiers with grenade, machine gun, and rifle||2006||December 18, 2006||José Martí and electrotype 3|
|||$5||150 x 70 mm||Green, orange and yellow||Monument to Antonio Maceo in Havana||Protesta de Baraguá: Cuban general Antonio Maceo Grajales and Spanish captain general Arsenio Martínez de Campos y Antón in hammocks||2006||December 18, 2006||José Martí and electrotype 5|
|||$10||150 x 70 mm||Brown, blue and green||Monument to Máximo Gómez in Havana||Revolution Energetica (Energy Revolution): electric power plant, pick-up truck, and linesman||2006||December 18, 2006||José Martí and electrotype 10|
|||$20||150 x 70 mm||Dark blue, light blue, and yellow/green||Monument to Camilo Cienfuegos||Operacion Milagro (Operation Miracle): eye doctors performing surgery and passengers deplaning a jet||2006||December 18, 2006||José Martí and electrotype 20|
|||$50||150 x 70 mm||Purple, orange, and yellow||Monument to Calixto García e Iñiguez in Havana||Marchers carrying flags and banners that read “Trincheras de Ideas Valen Mas Que Trinchera De Piedra” and “La Batalla de Ideas”||2006||December 18, 2006||José Martí and electrotype 50|
|||$100||150 x 70 mm||Red, orange, and bright yellow||Monument to Carlos Manuel de Céspedes||Bolivarian Alternative for the Americas (ALBA): satellite dish, map, woman and man reading, oil refinery||2006||December 18, 2006||José Martí and electrotype 100|
The CUC and the U.S. dollar
For transactions using credit cards, the cards are charged in U.S. dollars plus an extra 3% service charge. (Credit cards issued by U.S. banks cannot be used in Cuba.)
- "Política Monetaria". Bc.gov.cu. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Cuba to scrap two-currency system in latest reform". BBC News. October 22, 2013. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
- "CUBA - Foreign Exchange Certificates". Banknote.ws. Retrieved November 10, 2013.
- "Cuba's currency: Adios to the greenback". The Economist. 2004-10-28. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- Cuba issues new convertible peso series dated 2006 BanknoteNews.com. Retrieved 2012-06-12.
- "Centro de Promoción del Comercio Exterior y la Inversión Extranjera de Cuba - CEPEC". Cepec.cu. Retrieved 2011-09-30.