Cubieboard is a single-board computer, made in Zhuhai, Guangdong, China. The first short run of prototype boards were sold internationally in September 2012, and the production version started to be sold in October 2012. It can run Android 4 ICS, Ubuntu 12.04 desktop, Fedora 19 ARM Remix desktop, Archlinux ARM  or a basic Debian server via the Cubian distribution.
It uses the AllWinner A10 SoC, popular on cheap tablets, phones and media PCs. This SoC is used by developers of the lima driver, an open source driver for the ARM Mali GPU. It was able, at the 2013 FOSDEM demo to run ioquake 3 at 47 fps in 1024×600.
The little motherboard utilizes the AllWinner A10 capabilities
- SoC: AllWinner A10
- 512 MiB (beta) or 1GiB (final) DDR3
- 4 GB NAND flash built-in, 1x microSD slot, 1x SATA port.
- 10/100 Ethernet connector
- 2x USB Host, 1x USB OTG, 1x CIR.
- 96 extend pin including I²C, SPI, LVDS
- Dimensions: 10 cm × 6 cm
The second version, sold since June 2013, enhances the board mainly by replacing the AllWinner A10 SoC with an AllWinner A20 which contains 2 ARM Cortex-A7 MPCore CPUs and a dual fragment shader Mali-400 GPU (Mali-400MP2).
There is also a version available with two microSD card slots.
The third version has a new and larger PCB layout and features the following hardware:
- SoC: Allwinner A20
- 2 GiB DDR3 @ 480 MHz
- 8 GB NAND flash built-in, 1x microSD slot, 1x SATA 2.0 port (Hard Disk of 2,5").
- 10/100/1000 RTL8211E Gigabit Ethernet
- 2x USB Host, 1x USB OTG, 1x CIR.
- S/PDIF, headphone and HDMI audio out, mic and line-in via extended pins
- Wi-Fi and Bluetooth on board with PCB antenna (Broadcom BCM4329/BCM40181)
- 54 extended pins including I²C, SPI
- Dimensions: 11 cm × 8 cm
There is no LVDS support any longer. The RTL8211E NIC allows transfer rates up to 630–638 Mbit/s (sending while 5–10% idle) and 850–860 Mbit/s (receiving while 0–2% idle) when simultaneous TCP connections are established (testing was done utilising iperf with three clients against Cubietruck running Lubuntu)
To connect a 3.5" HDD the necessary 12 V power can be delivered by a 3.5 inch HDD addon package which can be used to power the Cubietruck itself as well. Also new is the option to power the Cubietruck from LiPo batteries.
On May 4, 2014 CubieTech announced the Cubieboard 4, the board is also known as CC-A80. It is based on an Allwinner A80 SoC (quad Cortex-A15, quad Cortex-A7 big.LITTLE), thereby replacing the Mali GPU with a PowerVR GPU. The board was officially released on 10 March 2015.
- SoC: Allwinner A80
- microUSB 3.0 OTG
- "Ready to ship". cubieboard.org. 30 October 2012.
- "$49 Cubieboard: AllWinner A10 Open Hardware Development Board". CNX-Software.com.
- "Cubie Board". fedoraproject.org/wiki/.
- "Cubieboard". archlinuxarm.org.
- "Cubian". GitHub.
- "Lima: An open source graphics driver for ARM Mali GPUs". Retrieved 2014-12-09.
- "Old and new limare code, and management overhead…".
- "Hadoop(High-availability distributed object-oriented platform)". Cubieboard.org.
- "Cubieboard". linux-sunxi.org.
- Cubie, Tom (19 June 2013). "cubieboard2 is here". cubieboard.org. Retrieved 2014-12-09.
- "Fedora 19 ARM Remix R1 Release With Support for AllWinner A10, A10s, A13 and A20 SoCs". cnx-software.com. 22 July 2013.
- "Model". cubieboard.org. Retrieved 2014-12-09.
- "Cubietruck". linux-sunxi.org.
- "How to support 3.5 inch hdd on cubieboard". cubieboard.org.
- "CubieTech Will Promote A80 High-performance Mini PC". cubieboard.org. Retrieved 2014-12-09.
- Lee, Ahha (10 March 2015). "CubieBoard4/CC-A80 Released". cubieboard.org. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
- Official website
- CubieBoard help forums.
- Cubieboard on Debian project wiki.
- Cubieboard on Fedora Linux distribution wiki.
- Cubieboard on ArchLinux ARM documentation.
- Cubieboard on OpenSuse wiki.
- Cubieboard on FreeBSD wiki.
- NetBSD/evbarm on Allwinner Technology SoCs on NetBSD wiki.