Cucurbita andreana

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Cucurbita andreana
Cucurbita maxima subsp. andreana (zapallito amargo).jpg
Cucurbita andreana fruit
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Cucurbita
Species: C. andreana
Binomial name
Cucurbita andreana

Cucurbita andreana is a plant species of the genus Cucurbita.[2][1] It is native to Argentina. C. andreana fruits are smaller and less palatable than those of C. maxima.[2]

The species Cucurbita maxima originated in South America from wild C. andreana over 4,000 years ago.[3] The two species hybridize quite readily but have noticeably different calcium levels.[4] C. andreana has orange flowers and bright green striped fruit. It prefers full sun and well drained soil. Extrafloral nectaries are present in C. maxima but not necessarily C. andreana.[5]

The species was formally described by Charles Victor Naudin in 1896, in Revue Horticole.[1]


  1. ^ a b c GRIN (March 24, 1997). "Cucurbita andreana Naudin". Taxonomy for Plants. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Nee, Michael (1990). "The Domestication of Cucurbita (Cucurbitaceae)". Economic Botany (New York: New York Botanical Gardens Press) 44 (3, Supplement: New Perspectives on the Origin and Evolution of New World Domesticated Plants): 56–68. doi:10.2307/4255271. JSTOR 4255271.  edit
  3. ^ Sanjur, Oris I.; Piperno, Dolores R.; Andres, Thomas C.; Wessel-Beaver, Linda (2002). "Phylogenetic Relationships among Domesticated and Wild Species of Cucurbita (Cucurbitaceae) Inferred from a Mitochondrial Gene: Implications for Crop Plant Evolution and Areas of Origin" (PDF). Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences) 99 (1): 535–540. JSTOR 3057572.  edit
  4. ^ Skilnyk, Hilary R.; Lott, John N. A. (1992). "Mineral analyses of storage reserves of Cucurbita maxima and Cucurbita andreana pollen". Canadian Journal of Botany 70 (3): 491–495. doi:10.1139/b92-063. 
  5. ^ López-Anido, Fernando; Vesprini, José (2007). "Extrafloral Nectaries in Cucurbita maxima Sub. andreana (Naudin) Filov". Cucurbit Genetics Cooperative Report (Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University) 30: 38–42. 

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