Cuencamé

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Coordinates: 24°52′N 103°42′W / 24.867°N 103.700°W / 24.867; -103.700

Cuencamé
Coat of arms of Cuencamé
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Land of Generals
Cuencamé is located in Mexico
Cuencamé
Cuencamé
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 24°52′12″N 103°41′45″W / 24.87000°N 103.69583°W / 24.87000; -103.69583
Country  Mexico
State Durango
Founded Late 16th century
Government
 • Mayor Eligio Moreno Martínez
(Coalition "Durango Nos Une")
Elevation 1,580 m (5,180 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 9,848
 • Demonym Cuencamense
Time zone Central Standard Time (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)
Website http://www.cuencame.com.mx

Cuencamé is a small city and the seat of the municipality of Cuencamé in the state of Durango, which is in northern Mexico. Cuencamé was founded by Jesuit father Francisco Ramírez in August of 1594 who founded a mission there 11 years after an original one, built by Franciscan father Jerónimo Panger, had been abandoned. Towns near this city include Ocuila, Pasaje, Cerro Gordo, Pedriceña and Velardeña. Cuencame has been in existence at least since the late 16th century.


Demographics[edit]

As of 2010, the city had a total population of 9,848.[1]


City[edit]

Cuencamé was originally a very small town formed by adjoining wild northern tribes. During the colonial period different groups settled there, such as the Zacatecos, Tepehuanos and Laguneros. As it was located in the central arid area, it attracted a lot of people interested in the silver mines around Cuencamé.

Important residents[edit]

At the beginning of the colonial period there was a priest named Agustín de Espinoza.
Another Jesuit priest was Jerónimo Ramírez who arrived there in August 1594. A famous monk, Francisco Santos, was in control of the Saint Anthony monastery in Cuencamé. Carlos Michaud, who founded the village of Pedriceña, captain of Pedriza in the colonial period, also resided here.
During the Mexican revolution period Calixto Contreras (1867–1918) and Severino Ceniceros (1880–1937) were notable people from Cuencamé. They were born in the borough of Cuencamé.[2]

The municipality[edit]

History[edit]

It is “a wide valley around by beautiful mountains according by words of father Jeronimo Ramirez Jesuit priest who came to this place in August 1594. This father was working a lot in this place and he had heading a colonizing project. A letter from Rodrigo de Paz explains that Captain martin de Zapata arrived cuencame and that before him were presented the caciques from Manganapa, Salina and Rio of Nazas they were the ones who took the name of the Captain and they received lands for their settlement. In 1622 was mentioned the monastery of Cuencame's Saint Anthony the was by control of Friar Francis Santos. Afterwards the name was modified by monetary of Purisima Concepción. May be to distinguish from other in Durango.[2] Any way the Franciscans arrived this place in 1583, although it is possible that they abandoned the region in latter time. This place had a lot of mines in the region around. The mine of Terneras caused the installation of the plant property of American Smelting and Refining Company, which exhausted its silver veins.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

The township is located in the western area of the state. By shape and extension it is one of the biggest in the state. The limits in the north are the township of Nazas and Lerdo. To the east its limits are the townships of Simon Bolivar and Santa Clara. To the west it adjoins the townships of Poanas, Guadalupe Victoria and Peñon Blanco. To the south it limits with the Zacatecas State.[3] Inside the municipality three is the community of Pedriceña, founded by Carlos Michaud. It is named after Captain Pedroza who distinguished himself during the colonial epoch. It was nearly considered an independent municipality.

The geographical coordinates are: 24° 52’ North latitude and 103°42’ West latitude. The distance from the main capital of the state is 146 km. The height of the township is 1,580 meters above sea level.

Natural geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

The area is semiarid. The ground is flat and surrounded by mountains. The average temperature is around 21.5 °C. The annual rainfall is 392.1 millimeters.[4]

Climate data for Cuencamé, Durango
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 36.5
(97.7)
39.0
(102.2)
43.0
(109.4)
41.5
(106.7)
43.5
(110.3)
44.0
(111.2)
41.5
(106.7)
39.5
(103.1)
45.5
(113.9)
40.0
(104)
40.5
(104.9)
39.5
(103.1)
44.0
(111.2)
Average high °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
26.3
(79.3)
29.5
(85.1)
32.3
(90.1)
34.6
(94.3)
34.6
(94.3)
32.7
(90.9)
32.0
(89.6)
30.5
(86.9)
29.3
(84.7)
26.7
(80.1)
23.7
(74.7)
29.7
(85.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 14.9
(58.8)
16.9
(62.4)
19.9
(67.8)
23.0
(73.4)
25.6
(78.1)
26.3
(79.3)
25.1
(77.2)
24.5
(76.1)
23.0
(73.4)
21.1
(70)
18.1
(64.6)
15.3
(59.5)
21.1
(70)
Average low °C (°F) 6.3
(43.3)
7.6
(45.7)
10.3
(50.5)
13.7
(56.7)
16.5
(61.7)
18.0
(64.4)
17.5
(63.5)
17.0
(62.6)
15.6
(60.1)
13.0
(55.4)
9.5
(49.1)
7.0
(44.6)
12.7
(54.9)
Record low °C (°F) −9.0
(15.8)
−3.0
(26.6)
−5.0
(23)
0.5
(32.9)
7.5
(45.5)
9.5
(49.1)
9.5
(49.1)
8.5
(47.3)
6.5
(43.7)
2.0
(35.6)
−5.0
(23)
−7.0
(19.4)
−9.0
(15.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 9.4
(0.37)
5.7
(0.224)
4.3
(0.169)
5.4
(0.213)
13.4
(0.528)
47.3
(1.862)
78.5
(3.091)
94.5
(3.72)
72.6
(2.858)
27.2
(1.071)
8.8
(0.346)
8.7
(0.343)
375.8
(14.795)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 1.8 1.1 0.8 1.2 2.6 6.7 10.4 11.2 8.0 4.6 1.6 1.9 51.9
Avg. snowy days 0.10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.11 0.21
Source #1: Servicio Meteorológico National[5][6]
Source #2: Colegio de Postgraduados [7]

Mountains[edit]

The San Lorenzo mountains lie to the north of the township. The Huarichic Canyon lies between these mountains. It is used for the main state highway and the Torreón-Coahuila railroad . This mountain lies within the Lerdo township of Sierra Fernández.[3]

The San Lorenzo range is known for its high peaks, such as the San Isidro peak, which serves as a buttress in this chain of the mountains. The Velardeña valley and its rich mineral mines serves as the town limit for the village of the same name. In the northeastern part of the town, a little beyond the San Lorenzo mountains, up the steep and rugged Sierra de Guadalupe that runs parallel to the Sierra de Jimulco, in the Municipality of Simon Bolivar and the Coahuila State, the two mountain ranges of Guadalupe and Jimulco form a more or less wide canyon where the Aguanaval river and the Central railroad run. This canyon is known as the "Jimulco Canyon."

The Aguanaval River flows into the Nazas River, which is the main river in this area. The surrounding area of this mountains is arid and the Cretaceous formations of the plates and layers of the ground are visible.

Rivers, lakes, and springs[edit]

The main river in this area is the Cuencamé stream. All of the rivers in this area reach the Cuencamé stream. There are many small streams that, in the rainy season, are filled with water. There is another stream near to San Pedro Ocuila named the “Arrieras”. In recent years many of these streams have decreased substantially. The Cuencamé stream runs into the Nazas River at the point named Rancho de Fernández. In the 50's two dams were built to keep the mountain water in the area. These dams have helped the agricultural needs in this north area.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Cuencamé". Catálogo de Localidades. Secretaría de Desarrollo Social (SEDESOL). Retrieved 23 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Municipios de Durango". Gobierno del Estado de Durango. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  3. ^ a b "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México". e-local.gob.mx. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  4. ^ "Normales Climatológicas 1971-2000". Servicio Meteorológico Nacional. Archived from the original on 2008-05-03. Retrieved 2008-08-25. 
  5. ^ "NORMALES CLIMATOLÓGICAS 1951-2010" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico National. Retrieved January 5, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Extreme Temperatures and Precipitation for Cuencame 1953-2009" (in Spanish). Servicio Meteorológico National. Retrieved January 27, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Normales climatológicas para Cuencame, DGO." (in Spanish). Colegio de Postgraduados. Retrieved January 27, 2013.