Cueva de Villa Luz
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Cueva de Villa Luz (Cave of the Lighted House, also known as Cueva del Azufre and Cueva de las Sardinas) is a cave near Tapijulapa in the southern Mexican state of Tabasco. The springs within the cave are rich in hydrogen sulfide, a gas that is a potent respiratory toxicant and smells like rotten eggs. Within the water, sulfide is oxidized to colloidal sulfur, which gives the water a milky appearance, and sulfuric acid. The cave essentially is a maze about two kilometers in length and primarily etched out of limestone by the sulfuric acid in the water. Hydrogen sulfide is also used by chemoautotrophic bacteria, which form the base of the food web.
- Hose L. D., Pisarowicz J. A. (1999) Cueva de Villa Luz, Tabasco, Mexico: reconnaissance study of an active sulfur spring cave and ecosystem. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies 61(1): 13-21.
- Cueva de Villa Luz Biological Investigations
- Cueva de Villa Luz at ShowCave
- National Geographic Magazine, Mexico’s Poisonous Cave
- New Scientist Magazine, Acid House, 6 June 1998
- Research on cave mollies
- Research using the Cueva de Villa Luz
- New Scientist Magazine, Religious rite gives evolution a helping hand, 18 September 2010
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