Cuisine of California

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This article is about the local cuisine of California. For the style of cuisine identified with some famous Californian chefs, see California cuisine.
Shrimp tostadas made with locally grown ingredients as served at Tacos Sinaloa in Oakland, California

The cuisine of California is the local cuisine of the U.S. state of California.

Local ingredients[edit]

A highly varied range of micro-climates, dominated by a mild Mediterranean climate, and popular health-conscious diets and lifestyles in California promote the production, use and consumption of fresh fruits, vegetables and meats, many of them organic.

Also in Northern California, with wine country near by, French, Italian, and Mediterranean inspired food is often featured, as well as Asian-inspired fare. Many of the restaurants, cafes, bistro, and grills use of fresh, local ingredients is custom, sourced from local growers and farmer's markets.[1][2]

The California Coast, especially the North Coast and Central Coast regions, is a bountiful source of seafood, which is an important staple in the average California diet.

Battered and fried foods are not quite as common in California as they are in most other states, but there are several notable exceptions, such as fish tacos, tempura and french fries.

The agricultural abundance and diversity of California's Central Valley provides fresh produce throughout the state. On less than 1 percent of the total farmland in the United States, the Central Valley produces 8 percent of the nation's agricultural output by value.

Sunset, a magazine of the West published in California, has for decades featured recipes that have heavily influenced the cuisine of California, including the promotion of outdoor eating.

Sandwiches, burgers, and fast food[edit]

An In-N-Out "Double-Double" cheeseburger with french fries in a cardboard box for consumption inside an automobile.

Southern California's legendary car culture and the population's reliance on automobiles for transportation throughout California's vast cities, has widely contributed to the popularity of the classic and modern drive-thru restaurant. Restaurant chains such as McDonald's, Jack in the Box, In-N-Out Burger, Carl's Jr., Wienerschnitzel, Del Taco, Taco Bell, Panda Express, Original Tommy's, Fatburger and Big Boy were all established in Southern California .

Regional fast food menus differ, generally depending on the ethnic composition of an area. In Southern California, smaller chains like The Hat feature hamburgers, Mexican food, chili fries, and pastrami.

While gastropubs are not unique in California, the concept of the gourmet burger is very popular.

Latin influences[edit]

Carne asada fries from El Chilé in south San Diego, California.

Because of California's colonial Spanish roots, Mexican territorial history, and its original population consisting of Meso-Americans, Spanish colonizers and Mexican ranchers, Mexican and Spanish-origin cuisine is very influential and popular in California, particularly Southern California.

Commercial, quick "taco shop-style" Mexican fast-food, consisting of offerings such as burritos, refried beans, tortas, tacos, nachos, quesadillas and carne asada fries is widely popular. Countless Taco shops can be found throughout California.

Traditional Mexican food, while not as common as commercial food, is still widely prepared and abundant in the ethnic Mexican American border communities of San Diego, the Los Angeles metropolitan area, the San Francisco Bay Area, and in Mexican-American enclaves throughout California. Examples of these foods include tamales, tortillas, tostadas, mole, menudo, pozole, sopes, chile relleno and enchiladas.

In addition to Mexican food, California restaurants serve up nearly every other variation of Central American food there is. For example, pupuserías are common in areas with a large population of Salvadorans (pupusas are stuffed tortillas from El Salvador).

More recently, "Fresh Mex" or "Baja-style" Mexican food, which places an emphasis on fresh ingredients and sometimes seafood, inspired by Baja California fare, is highly popular. El Pollo Loco, a fast food chain that originated in Northern Mexico, is a common sight. Rubio's Fresh Mexican Grill, Baja Fresh, Wahoo's Fish Taco, Chronic Tacos, Chipotle, Qdoba and La Salsa are examples of the Baja-style Mexican American food trend.

Shellfish, and seafood[edit]

Dungeness crab ready to eat at Fisherman's Wharf in San Francisco

In Northern California and the Central Coastal region, Dungeness crabs and salmon are abundant.

Asian and Oceanian influences[edit]

As one of the U.S. states nearest Asia and Oceania, and with long-standing Asian American and Oceanian American populations, the state tends to adopt foods from those national styles. The American sushi craze no doubt began in California; the term 'California roll' is used to describe sushi with avocado as a primary ingredient. These days, items like mochi ice cream and boba are popular.

Fusion cuisine[edit]

Fusion cuisine is quite popular in California.[3] The emphasis of California Cuisine is on the use of fresh, local ingredients which are often acquired daily at farmers markets. Menus are changed to accommodate the availability of ingredients in season. Some restaurants create a new menu daily.

California chef Wolfgang Puck is known as one of the pioneers of fusion cuisine, popularizing such dishes as Chinese chicken salad at the restaurant Ma Maison in Los Angeles. His restaurant "Chinois" in Santa Monica was named after the term attributed to Richard Wing, who in the 1960s combined French and Chinese cooking at the former Imperial Dynasty restaurant in Hanford, California.[4]

California-style pizza[edit]

Pizza topped with egg from the Chez Panisse cafe

California-style pizza focuses on non-traditional pizza ingredients, such as fresh produce and barbecued meats. First popularized by Wolfgang Puck's Spago restaurants, it was later brought to the masses by restaurants such as California Pizza Kitchen.

Barbecue[edit]

Main article: Santa Maria Style BBQ

Barbecue has been a part of California cuisine since the Mexicans cooked beef in pit barbecues on ranches in the 1840s. Santa Maria is famous for the Tri-tip, a special kind of beef cut that can be grilled, baked, braised, or roasted. California's barbecue style is also influenced by the regional Southwestern American styles of Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Oklahoma. Chicken, beef ribs, sausages, and steaks are also routinely grilled or smoked in a pit. The barbecue sauce used in this state is tomato-based, as with all other western states. Pork baby back ribs are popular for barbecue in the Western region in comparison to the popular use of spare ribs in the Southern United States.

Gourmet food products[edit]

Many gourmet food products and companies had their start in California, including Peet's Coffee & Tea, one of the first purveyors of Arabica coffee beans in the United States.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vileisis, Ann. Kitchen literacy: how we lost knowledge of where food comes from and why we need to get it back. 
  2. ^ Weir, Joanne. Wine Country Cooking. 
  3. ^ http://berncity.tripod.com/California.html
  4. ^ Khokha, Sasha (2005-07-15). "In Rural California, an Imperial Dynasty Ends". National Public Radio. 

External links[edit]