Cuisine of the Maritimes

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The Maritimes region of Canada has some unique foods; the region has foodstuffs that are indigenous to the area and cultural phenomena has brought non-native foods to the area. The region is in Eastern Canada, and comprises three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. On the Atlantic coast, the Maritimes are a subregion of Atlantic Canada. Much of what is local food or regional cuisine there could be found in the foods of the Native Peoples or indigenous people, sometimes called Indians, whose cultures preceded those to be found in the Maritimes today.

Common foods and dishes[edit]

Poutine râpée,[1] an Acadian pork-potato dish, and rapée/rapie pie,[2] an Acadian poultry dish, are Maritime-based. (Acadia, or Acadie in French, is the French Canada different from Quebec, based in the Maritimes, and known to those in the United States chiefly because Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's Evangeline and the Cajuns of Louisiana who originated there.) Seafood is of great importance in the Maritimes and it is prepared in many ways, probably limited only by the number of cooks.[3] Lobster rolls are to be found wherever tourists go, but the locals love them too; these can be found in the United States as well, particularly in Maine, which adjoins the Province of New Brunswick, the only province with two official languages, French and English,[4] which is an indication of the cultures one will find in this province between Quebec and Nova Scotia.

No one who has visited the homes of Maritimers who go back a few generations is likely to forget dulse; dulse is seaweed of a certain type and grows along the New Brunswick and Nova Scotia coasts. Some Maritimers crunch on dried dulse, a reddish-purple-to-black salty-tasting snack, rather as others would munch potato chips and one usually sees a small dish on a side table somewhere near where family members are sitting.[5]

Maple sugar, in many forms, from maple syrup (sirop d'érable) to little maple-leaf-shaped crunchy candies is an important sweet in Eastern Canada,[6] where sugaring-off excursions (involving 'tire d'érable sur la neige,' when the hot syrup is poured onto snow to crystallize) are one of the better winter activities. It is also an important export, economically.[7][8]

On Prince Edward Island, Cow's Ice Cream[9] is an important purveyor of a local favourite, and dairy products in various forms are important to residents of the Maritimes. A popular variety of ice cream in the Maritimes, and also New England, is grape nut ice cream.[citation needed]

Wild blueberries grow in abundance in the Maritimes and are there for the picking for anyone willing to take the time, which is considerable because they are small.[10]This cited source does not support the proposition footnoted. They can be made into the Acadian dumpling dessert called blueberry grunt,[11] among others. Seal flippers and seal flipper pie, various bean dishes, usually flavored with pork, any fish found in the many rivers, and many other foods are not to be forgotten.

In Nova Scotia, there is a dish that is widely eaten in the Annapolis Valley known as Hodge Podge or Hodegy Podegy. This dish is a stew or soup containing fresh vegetables such as small baby potatoes or new potatoes, fresh peas, green beans and wax beans as well as carrots. These vegetables are cooked in a milk broth that contains butter, pepper and salt. Commonly, this dish is accompanied by corned beef either from a can or prepared separately from the dish. Hodge Podge is generally consumed during the months of July and August when these vegetables are in season.

Restaurants and pubs[edit]

A lot of the restaurants and pubs in the Maritimes feature British and Irish dishes such as Corned beef and cabbage, Bacon and cabbage, Bangers and mash, and Fish and chips. But they will also have their own specialities such as Jiggs dinner.

Donair and garlic fingers are Maritime specialities, and are difficult to find in other parts of Canada.

There are many small breweries in Nova Scotia. A common brand of beer is known as Keith's or Alexander Keith's and was established in 1820 by Keith himself - the brewery that produces Keiths is Anheiser Busch - InBev, which is the largest brewery in the world.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ BirdyBaker. "Poutine Rapee Recipe - - 123966". Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  2. ^ "Acadian Genealogy Homepage; Acadian Recipes". Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ "New Brunswick Courts". Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  5. ^ "New Brunswick's Sea Snack". New York Times. 1987-09-06. Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  6. ^ Mike Poulin. "Maple Syrup History". Canadian Maple Syrup. Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  7. ^
  8. ^ Leo H. Werner Revised: Agriculture And Agri-Food Canada. "Maple Sugar Industry". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2012-07-15. 
  9. ^
  10. ^ "Maritime salmon and blueberries" National Post (Canada)
  11. ^ luckytrim. "Acadian Blueberry Grunt Recipe from". Retrieved 2012-07-15.