New South Wales
Balfour St, the main street of Culcairn
|Population||1,120 (2006 census)|
|LGA(s)||Greater Hume Shire Council|
Culcairn is a town in the south-east Riverina region of New South Wales, Australia. Culcairn is located in the Greater Hume Shire Council local government area on the Olympic Highway between Albury and Wagga Wagga. The town is 514 kilometres (319 mi) south-west of the state capital, Sydney and at the 2006 census had a population of 1,120.
The town is an important supply centre for nearby towns and villages including, Morven, Gerogery, Henty, Walla Walla and Pleasant Hills. Billabong Creek runs along the southern edge of town, lending its name to the local high school.
European settlement of Culcairn began in 1834, following favourable reports on grazing potential and grass cover by the explorers Hume and Hovell when travelling overland to the Port Phillip district in 1824. A number of stations were gazetted and between 1862 and 1865 the district was terrorised by the bushranger, Dan "Mad Dog" Morgan. The reward for Morgan would reach £1,000. He was ambushed and killed in Victoria after his final holdup in 1865.
The town itself was laid out in 1880 by James Balfour, a local landowner, who named it after a property in the parish of Kiltearn, his mother's birthplace. Culcairn Post Office opened on 1 September 1880.
Early industries included chaff mills, a cereal grain company and a quarry. The extension of the Main Southern railway line to Albury to meet the broad gauge line from Melbourne saw Culcairn prosper. The Culcairn Hotel, constructed in 1891, was the largest on the line between Melbourne and Sydney.
Culcairn sits on the main railway line between Sydney and Melbourne and is serviced by the NSW TrainLink XPT service which runs twice daily and stops at the local railway station. The station was once the junction for the Corowa and Holbrook branch lines.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Culcairn (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-10-26.
- "Walkabout Australian Travel Guide - Culcairn". Fairfax. Retrieved 3 February 2007.
- "Greater Hume Shire Council - Local Environmental Plan - Issues and background paper" (PDF). Greater Hume Shire Council. Archived from the original on 2006-08-19. Retrieved 2007-02-03.
- Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 2009-06-11.
- Equestrian Federation website. Retrieved 2 January 2006.
Media related to Culcairn, New South Wales at Wikimedia Commons