Culcheth and Glazebury

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Culcheth and Glazebury
Culcheth and Glazebury - Sundial, Culcheth.jpg
The sundial in the centre of Culcheth
Culcheth and Glazebury is located in Cheshire
Culcheth and Glazebury
Culcheth and Glazebury
 Culcheth and Glazebury shown within Cheshire
Population 8,534 (2001)
OS grid reference SJ6595
Civil parish Culcheth and Glazebury
Unitary authority Warrington
Ceremonial county Cheshire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WARRINGTON
Postcode district WA3
Dialling code 01925
Police Cheshire
Fire Cheshire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Warrington North
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire

Coordinates: 53°27′07″N 2°31′19″W / 53.452°N 2.522°W / 53.452; -2.522

Culcheth and Glazebury is a civil parish within the Borough of Warrington, a unitary authority in the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England. At the 2001 census, it had a population of 8,534.[1]

Culcheth[edit]

Main article: Culcheth

The area was dense woodland until the Norman Conquest, hence the village gets its name from the Celtic for "at the edge of the wood".

Bronze age pottery discovered at Croft suggests the area was inhabited 4,000 years ago.

The Culcheth family played an important role in shaping village fortunes.

Gilbert de Culcheth was lord of the Manor of Culcheth and built its first hall in 1200. He was survived by a son Hugh de Gilbert, and four daughters.

Hugh de Gilbert was murdered by a group of twelve angry men in 1246, leaving no male heir. This saw the land divided between daughters Margery, Elizabeth, Ellen and Joan. However, equality was unheard of and land could not be passed down to women.

The responsibility for the girls went to the Baron of Warrington who married off all the girls to his four sons. Eldest girl Margery, married Richard who took the name de Culcheth to ensure its survival. Each couple lived in their own sector of the Manor - Culcheth, Holcroft, Risley and Peasfurlong.

Religion played an important role. As Catholics during the Reformation, services took place under complete secrecy in the family chapel which priests would enter through a secret passage by the fireplace in the great hall, and exit at a secluded spot on the tree-lined drive.

The Culcheths supported Charles I in the English Civil War, whilst their neighbours and enemies the Holcrofts backed Cromwell and the Parliamentarians.

The Culcheth name died out with Thomas Culcheth (who died in 1747) being the last. He had no heir, so the hall passed to his cousin Thomas Stanley and then to John Trafford, which is where the family line ends.

The Holcroft family also have some notoriety for a scandal involving the daughter of Lt-Col John Holcroft who was an officer in Cromwell's army. His daughter, Maria, married Irishman Lieutenant Thomas Blood against Holcroft's wishes. They married on 16 June 1650 in Newchurch before moving to Ireland.

At the end of the civil war, Cromwell promoted Blood to the rank of Captain. Three years later he was elevated to Commissioner of Parliament. Blood is most famous for devising a plot to steal the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London and using them as a ransom for Charles II. In 1671 he and Maria disguised themselves as a parson and his wife. They visited the Keeper of the Jewels and Maria pretended to faint to cause a distraction.

The Keeper unlocked the Crown Jewels and, to his amazement, was seized and held in the strongroom. Just as Blood and his accomplice were leaving, the plan was hindered yet again since they were caught before even getting out of the grounds of the Tower.

The King took pity on Blood and, after serving a short sentence, he was returned to Ireland and his estate where he and Maria lived on a £500 a year allowance.

The lordship of the manor of Culcheth and Culcheth Hall were latterly owned by the Withington family. The Hall was demolished after World War II and the estate has been developed as residential housing by Adam Lythgoe (Estates) Ltd.

Glazebury[edit]

Hurst Hall

Before the Civil War, Glazebury was part of Culcheth, and known as Hurst because of Hurst Hall.[2] It was formerly the seat of the Holcroft family, before the Adamsons[3] lived there during the 19th and early 20th centuries. Anthony Emery in Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, 1300-1500: East Anglia, Central England and Wales commented upon Hurst Hall's four-bay hall,[4] although most of the medieval structure was demolished in 1975; it is now the site of a garden centre.

The village name is unusual as the ending "bury" in English place names usually signifies a fortified place. However Hurst became known as Glazebury in a different way. In the 17th century Civil War combatants were buried in a road which became known as Bury Lane (now part of Warrington Road) and Glazebury is believed to take its name from a combination of bury and the word glaze from the nearby River Glaze.

The village has a parish church, primary school[5] and cricket club[6] amongst other facilities.

Glazebury has more pubs than shops. There are a number of walks around the village to Windy Bank Wood and Crow Wood.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Parish Headcounts: Warrington". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  2. ^ North Barn, Hurst Hall This is Cheshire
  3. ^ www.AdamsonAncestry.com
  4. ^ www.medievalarchitecture.net
  5. ^ Glazebury C of E (Aided) Primary School. Axcis. Official Website.
  6. ^ Glazebury Cricket Club. Official Website.