Culex palmi Baisas, 1938
Culex annulirostris, commonly known as the common banded mosquito, is an insect native to Australia, Fiji, Micronesia, the Philippines and Indonesia. It is regarded as a serious pest species throughout its range.
Breeding takes place anywhere there is standing water, from swamps and ponds to all kinds of man-made puddles—irrigation channels, bamboo stumps, cacao shells, the bottoms of canoes. The water can be clean or polluted, in sun or shade, and fresh or brackish.
Culex annulirostris mosquitoes are active between spring and late autumn. During this time they appear most commonly at dusk, though can also be active during the day and indoors. They can travel 5-10 km from their place of birth and feed on mammals and birds. Only the female feeds on blood as it needs to consume protein to help in reproducing. The male drinks nectar.
It is an important vector for a number of arboviruses, including Murray Valley encephalitis virus, Ross River virus, Barmah Forest virus, Kunjin virus and Japanese encephalitis, as well as dog heartworm and the roundworm Wuchereria bancrofti in New Guinea.
- Norbert Becker, Dusan Petric, Marija Zgomba, Clive Boase, Minoo Madon, Christine Dahl, Achim Kaiser (2010). Mosquitoes and Their Control. New York, New York: Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 365–67. ISBN 9783540928744.
- Skuse, Frederick A. Askew (1889). "Diptera of Australia. Part V.—The Culicidae". Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 2 (3): 1717-64 .
- Russell, R.C. (1996). "Culex annulirostris". Department of Medical Entomology. University of Sydney. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- Russell, R.C. (1996). "Mosquito Photos". Department of Medical Entomology. University of Sydney. Retrieved 5 April 2015.
- Media related to Culex annulirostris at Wikimedia Commons