Culex pipiens (the common house mosquito) is a species of blood-feeding mosquito of the family Culicidae. It is a vector of some diseases, such as Japanese encephalitis, meningitis, and urticaria. In the US, it can spread West Nile virus.
It occurs in the following countries: Argentina, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Korea (South), Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Morocco, Pakistan, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, the United Kingdom, Serbia, the United States, Uruguay, the Netherlands and Montenegro.
Body length varies from three to seven millimeters.
Females feed on blood of birds or humans, and males feed on pollen, nectar, and the juice of plants.
Culex pipiens molestus lives in the London Underground and other underground railways. The more common Culex pipiens subspecies observed above ground is sometimes referred to as Culex pipiens pipiens.
- Genus Culex Systematic Catalog of Culicidae
- Kim, Heung Chul; WILKERSON, PECOR, LEE, LEE, O'GUINN, KLEIN (March 2005). "New Recordes and Reference Collection of Mosquitoes on Jeju Island, Republic of Korea". Entomological Research. 1 35: 55–66. doi:10.1111/j.1748-5967.2005.tb00137.x. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
- Photos Culex pipiens TaxonConcept Knowledge Base University of Wisconsin