Culex vishnui

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Culex vishnui
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Family: Culicidae
Genus: Culex
Species: Culex vishnui
Synonyms

Culex adeloae Baisas, 1938
Culex pseudoinfula Theobald, 1911[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9]

Culex vishnui is a mosquito belonging to the Culicidae family. It is the most common vector (carrier) of the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Sarawak.[10]

Identification[edit]

The Culex vishnui Theobald mosquito species belongs to a sub-type that also includes two other carriers of the Japanese encephalitis virus - Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles and Culex pseudovishnui Colless.[11] Since the females of these different species are difficult to morphologically distinguish from one another, an rDNA based diagnostic PCR is used for identification.[11]

Morphological identification of multiple JEV carrier mosquitoes including Cx. vishnui are based on identifying specific features of the legs, abdomen, palpi, wings, proboscises, and tarsi.[12] The identification of Cx. vishnui is confirmed by verifying that the "anterior surface of hindfemur with pale stripe does not contrast with dark scaled area".[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mathis, W. N. (1982) , Studies of Canacidae. Smithson. Contrib. Zool. 347, 29 pp. [1982.04.23]
  2. ^ Bachli, G. (1984) , Die Drosophiliden-Typen der Dipterensammlung des Zoologischen Museums in Berlin. Mitt. zool. Mus. Berlin 60: 229-261. [1984.11.02?]
  3. ^ Morris, H. M. (1922) , The larval and pupal stages of the Bibionidae. -Part II. Bull. Ent. Res. 13: 189-195, pl. 9. [1922.08.31]
  4. ^ Parent, O. (1928) , Etude sur les Dipteres Dolichopodides exotiques conserves au Zoologisches Staatsinstitut und Zoologisches Museum de Hambourg. Zool. Staatsint. u. Zool. Mus. Hamburg. Mitt. 43: 155-198.
  5. ^ Philip, C. B. (1950) , New North American Tabanidae (Diptera). Part II. Tabanidae [sic] [=Tabaninae]; III. Notes on Tabanus molestus and related horseflies with a prominent single row of triangles on the abdomen. Ann. Ent. Soc. Am. 43: 115-122; 240-248. [1950.04.24]
  6. ^ Riley, C. V. (1878) , Chapter XI. Invertebrate enemies. Pp. 284-334. In U.S. Entomological Commission, Reports of the U.S. Entomological Commisiion. Vol. 1: First annual report for 1877, relating to the Rocky Mountain locust, 477 pp., 5 pls. + App. of 294 pp. Washington.
  7. ^ Wheeler, M. R. (1962) , Drosophila melina, nom. nov. (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Proc. Ent. Soc. Wash. 64: 246. [1962.12.??]
  8. ^ Woodley, N. E. (1994) , A new species of Xylophagus Meigen from Mexico, with a critique of Webb's phylogeny of the genus (Diptera: Xylophagidae). Proc. Ent. Soc. Washington 96: 308-313. [1994.05.12]
  9. ^ Savchenko, E. N. (1972) , New palaearctic species of Limoniid-flies (Diptera, Limoniidae), 5. The genus Cheilotrichia Rossi. Dopov. Akad. Nauk ukr. RSR (B) (In Ukrainian). 1972: 560-562. [1972.??.??]
  10. ^ a b Reuben, R.; Tewari, S.C.; Hiriyan, J.; Akiyama, J. (1994). "Illustrated Keys to Species of Culex (CULEX) Associated with Japanese Encephalitis in Southeast Asia (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE)" (PDF). Mosquito Systematics 26 (2): 75–96. 
  11. ^ a b Toma, Takako; Miyagi, Ichiro; Crabtree, Mary B.; Miller, Barry R. (1 July 2000). "Identification of Culex vishnui Subgroup (Diptera: Culicidae) Mosquitoes from the Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan: Development of a Species-Diagnostic Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay Based on Sequence Variation in Ribosomal DNA Spacers". Journal of Medical Entomology 37 (4): 554–558. doi:10.1603/0022-2585-37.4.554. PMID 10916296. 
  12. ^ Das, Bina Pani (2012). Mosquito Vectors of Japanese Encephalitis Virus from Northern India: Role of BPD hop cage method. New Delhi, Heidelberg, New York, Dordrecht, London: Springer. ISBN 978-81-322-0860-0.