Culinary art

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Chefs training in Paris, France in 2005.

Culinary art, where "culinary" means "related to cooking", is the art of the preparation, cooking and presentation of food, usually in the form of meals. People working in this field – especially in establishments such as restaurants – are commonly called "chefs" or "cooks", although, at its most general, the terms "culinary artist" and "culinarian" are also used. Table manners ("the table arts") are sometimes referred to as a culinary art.

Culinarians are required to have knowledge of food science, nutrition and diet and are responsible for preparing meals that are as pleasing to the eye as well as to the palate. After restaurants, their primary places of work include delicatessens and relatively large institutions such as hotels and hospitals.

Careers in culinary arts[edit]

Related careers[edit]

Below is a list of the wide variety of culinary arts occupations.

  • Consulting and Design Specialists – Work with restaurant owners in developing menus, the layout and design of dining rooms, and service protocols.
  • Restaurant management – Manage a restaurant, cafeteria, hotel dining area, etc.

Occupational outlook[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

As of 2013, with the catering industry having come through the Great Recession in better shape than most others, and rising interest in quality food, the job market for qualified chefs is robust, especially in London.

United States[edit]

The occupation outlook for chefs, restaurant managers, dietitians, and nutritionists is fairly good, with "as fast as the average" growth.[1] Increasingly a college education with formal qualifications is required for success in this field. The culinary industry continues to be male-dominated, with the latest statistics showing only 19% of all 'chefs and head cooks' being female.[2]

Notable culinary colleges around the world[edit]

Cooking utilizes many foods.





Latin America & Caribbean[edit]

North America[edit]


  • AUT University (Auckland University of Technology)
  • MIT (Manukau Institute of Technology)
  • Wintec, Waikato Institute of Technology


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Food Service Managers
  2. ^ "Cooking classes", Retrieved September 3, 2009.


  • "Cooking Schools 101." Cooking Schools. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
  • "History." Of Culinary Archives & Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2013.
  • "History of Culinary." Culinary Arts information RSS. N.p.,nd. web.17 Sept.2013
  • "History of Culinary Arts." Culinary Arts Information RSS. N.p,. web. 17 Sept.2013
  • "The Culinary Timeline." The Culinary Timeline. N.p,.web. 17 Sept. 2013
  • "TheFood Timeline--social History, Manners & Menus Timeline." TheFood Timeline--social History, Manners & Menus Timeline. N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Sept. 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • Beal, Eileen. Choosing a career in the restaurant industry. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 1997.
  • Institute for Research. Careers and jobs in the restaurant business: jobs, management, ownership. Chicago: The Institute, 1977.

External links[edit]