Cullman County, Alabama
|Cullman County, Alabama|
The Cullman County Courthouse
Location in the state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 24, 1877|
|• Total||754.82 sq mi (1,955 km2)|
|• Land||738.43 sq mi (1,913 km2)|
|• Water||16.39 sq mi (42 km2), 2.17%|
|• Density||109/sq mi (42/km²)|
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Cullman County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is in honor of Colonel John G. Cullmann. As of the 2010 census, the population was 80,406. Its county seat is the town of the same name, Cullman, Alabama. It is a "moist" county in terms of availability of alcoholic beverages, which means that the cities of Cullman, Good Hope and Hanceville are wet and the rest of the county is dry. Cullman is served by TV stations and FM radio stations from both Huntsville and Birmingham. Cullman County is a part of the designated market area, or "DMA," of Birmingham. Electricity in Cullman County is provided by the Tennessee Valley Authority and by the Alabama Power Company. For a long time, telephone service in this county was provided by the Southern Bell Company.
There is no commercial air transportation service in Cullman County, and this county is no longer served by intercity commercial buses.
The federal government has designated Cullman County as the Cullman micropolitan statistical area, which is a component of the Birmingham-Hoover-Talladega Combined Statistical Area.
This area was inhabited for thousands of years by varying cultures of indigenous peoples. The historic Cherokee and Choctaw lived here at the time of European encounter. The Cherokee who remained in the county after Indian Removal in the 1830s have worked at reviving their culture in the last thirty years. The Echota Cherokee are a recognized tribe.
Cullman County was established by German American immigrants from Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1877. They founded an agricultural community and sought to create an agricultural revolution in what had been a frontier area, in the best traditions of innovation in the New South. However, hard geographical and social realties clashed with the often impractical vision of colonizer John G. Cullmann. His Germans, with their traditional work ethic and willingness to experiment with such new products as wine and strawberries, did try to make practical changes in southern farming. The Germans were however outnumbered by more traditional families from neighboring regions, who replicated the traditional southern cotton culture.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 754.82 square miles (1,955.0 km2), of which 738.43 square miles (1,912.5 km2) (or 97.83%) is land and 16.39 square miles (42.4 km2) (or 2.17%) is water.
- Interstate 65
- U.S. Highway 31
- U.S. Highway 278
- U.S. Highway 231
- State Route 67
- State Route 69
- State Route 91
- State Route 157
- Morgan County (north)
- Marshall County (northeast)
- Blount County (east)
- Walker County (southwest)
- Winston County (west)
- Lawrence County (northwest)
As of the census of 2000, there were 77,483 people, 30,706 households, and 22,476 families residing in the county. The population density was 105 people per square mile (41/km2). There were 35,233 housing units at an average density of 48 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 96.81% White, 0.96% Black or African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.18% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.62% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. 2.18% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 30,706 households out of which 32.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.80% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.80% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 8.80% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,256, and the median income for a family was $39,341. Males had a median income of $30,444 versus $20,436 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,922. About 9.50% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.50% of those under age 18 and 16.80% of those age 65 or over.
As of 2007, the estimated population was 81,324.
Cities and towns
- City of Arab (part - most of Arab is in Marshall County)
- Town of Baileyton
- Town of Colony
- City of Cullman
- Town of Dodge City
- Town of Fairview
- Town of Garden City (part - part of Garden City is in Blount County)
- Town of Good Hope
- City of Hanceville
- Town of Holly Pond
- Town of South Vinemont
- Town of West Point
- Black Bottom
- Bug Tussle
- Crane Hill
- Spring Hill
Census-designated place (CDPs)
Public education in Cullman County is provided by two systems: the Cullman City School Board and the Cullman County School Board, which governs all municipalities except the City of Cullman.
- Cullman High School - under the governance of the Cullman City School Board
Private educational institutions in the county include:
- Christ Covenant School - located in Cullman (Grades K-2)
- Cullman Christian School - located in Cullman (Grades K-12)
- Sacred Heart of Jesus Catholic Elementary School - located in Cullman (Grades PreK-6)
- St. Bernard Preparatory School - located in Cullman (Grades 7-12)
- St. Paul's Lutheran School - located in Cullman (Grades K-6)
- Vinemont Christian Academy - located in South Vinemont (Grades PreK-12)
Cullman is also the home of the state-owned and operated Wallace State Community College in Hanceville. It was named for the former Governor of Alabama, George C. Wallace. His father and his wife, Governor Lurleen B. Wallace, also had junior colleges named for them.
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Cullman County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Cullman County, Alabama
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Davis, Robert S., “The Old World in the New South: Entrepreneurial Ventures and the Agricultural History of Cullman County, Alabama,” Agricultural History, 79 (Fall 2005), 439–61.
||Lawrence County||Morgan County||Marshall County|
|Winston County||Blount County|