Cultural depictions of Julius Caesar

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44 BC denarius

Gaius Julius Caesar (100 BC – 44 BC), one of the most influential men in world history, has frequently appeared in literary and artistic works since ancient times.

Ancient literary works[edit]

Medieval works[edit]

Caesar and Joshua as part of the Nine Worthies (16th century)
Shakespeare's First Folio
Fountain in Olomouc

Renaissance and modern works[edit]

  • In Historia de omnibus gothorum sueonumque regibus (History of all Kings of Goths and Swedes) by Johannes Magnus, published in 1554. Caesar appears as a contemporary of the Swedish King Lindormus.





Modern works[edit]




  • The Ides of March (1948), is an epistolary novel by Thornton Wilder.
  • Masters of Rome, a series of seven novels by the Australian writer, Colleen McCullough: The First Man in Rome (1991), The Grass Crown (1991), Fortune's Favorites (1993), Caesar's Women (1995), Caesar (1997), The October Horse (2002), and Antony and Cleopatra (1969).
  • Emperor, a series of five novels by the British writer, Conn Iggulden: The Gates of Rome (2003), The Death of Kings (2004), The Field of Swords (2005), The Gods of War (2006), and The Blood of Gods (2013).
  • Marius' Mules, a series of six novels by the British writer S. J. A. Turney, written from the point of view of a legate of the 10th Legion, Marcus Falerius Fronto: The Invasion of Gaul (2009), The Belgae (2010), Gallia Invicta (2011), Conspiracy of Eagles (2012), Hades' Gate (2013), Caesar's Vow (2014).
  • Marching With Caesar, a series of six novels by the American writer R. W. Peake: Conquest of Gaul (2012), Civil War (2012), Antony and Cleopatra: Part I – Antony (2013), Anthony and Cleopatra: Part II – Cleopatra (2013), Rise of Augustus (2013), and Final Campaign (2013). Two related novels are Birth of the 10th Legion (2014), and Caesar Triumphant (2014), the latter written on the premise that Caesar avoids being assassinated.
  • The Centurion Chronicles, a series of two books by J. M. Garlock: The Centurion Chronicles (2012), and The Belgae (2013).
  • Tros of Samothrace, a historical novel by Talbot Mundy, has Julius Caesar as the novel's villain.[2]
  • First Citizen (1987), by Thomas Thurston Thomas, a science fiction book based on the life and times of Julius Caesar but set in the 21st century.[3]
  • Roma Sub Rosa, a series of historical mysteries by the American writer, Steven Saylor.
  • Sword of Caesar (1987), in the Time Machine series, asks the reader to travel back to ancient Rome and find the fate of Caesar's battle sword.






  • Where in Time is Carmen Sandiego features Julius Caesar in one of its stages.
  • Caesar is depicted as Akihiko Sanada's ultimate persona in Persona 3.
  • Fallout: New Vegas depicts a dictator who patterns himself after the various Caesares, Julius in particular.
  • Julius Caesar appears as the leader of the Roman Empire in the Civilization series of strategy games.
  • Caesar is mentioned in Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood as a Templar and that his assassination by Brutus and other members of the Assassin Order is to prevent the Templars from gaining power in Rome. Brutus' account of the killing is told in Assassin's Creed: Project Legacy.
  • In Age of Empires: The Rise of Rome, a player can act as Julius Caesar.


  1. ^ "Benetton Group: Evolution of Communication Strategy" Accessed 21 February 2010
  2. ^ Talbot Mundy: Philosopher of Adventure: A Critical Biography by Brian Taves. McFarland, 2006 (pp. 137–143)
  3. ^ Nuttall, Chris (11 July 2013). "Review: First Citizen by Thomas T. Thomas". Amazing Stories. Retrieved 31 July 2013. 

External links[edit]