Culture of Brooklyn

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Olafur Eliasson's Waterfalls under the Brooklyn Bridge

Brooklyn has played a major role in various aspects of American culture including literature, cinema and theater as well as being home to the world renowned Brooklyn Academy of Music and to the second largest public art collection in the United States which is housed in the Brooklyn Museum.

Literature[edit]

Walt Whitman wrote Crossing Brooklyn Ferry, a classic poem about the Brooklyn Waterfront

Walt Whitman wrote of the Brooklyn waterfront in his classic poem Crossing Brooklyn Ferry. Harlem Renaissance playwright Eulalie Spence taught at Eastern District High School in Brooklyn from 1927 to 1938, a time during which she wrote her critically acclaimed plays Fool's Errand, and Her.

In 1930, poet Hart Crane published the epic poem The Bridge, using the Brooklyn Bridge as central symbol and poetic starting point. The novels of Henry Miller include reflections on several of the ethnic German and Jewish neighborhoods of Brooklyn during the 1890s and early 20th century; his novels Tropic of Capricorn and The Rosy Crucifixion include long tracts describing his childhood and young adulthood spent in the borough.

Betty Smith's 1943 book A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, and the 1945 film based on it, are among the best-known early works about life in Brooklyn. The tree in the title is the Tree of Heaven.

There's a tree that grows in Brooklyn. Some people call it the Tree of Heaven. No matter where its seed falls, it makes a tree which struggles to reach the sky. It grows in boarded up lots and out of neglected rubbish heaps. It grows up out of cellar gratings. It is the only tree that grows out of cement. It grows lushly...survives without sun, water, and seemingly earth. It would be considered beautiful except that there are too many of it.

A Tree Grows in BrooklynIntroduction

Chaim Potok, rabbi and Brooklyn resident, wrote The Chosen, a book about two Jewish boys growing up in Brooklyn that was published in 1947. William Styron's novel Sophie's Choice is set in Flatbush, just off Prospect Park, during the summer of 1947. Arthur Miller's 1955 play A View From the Bridge, and Paule Marshall's 1959 novel, Brown Girl, Brownstones, about Barbadian immigrants during the Depression and World War II, are both set in Brooklyn.

More recently, Brooklyn-born author Jonathan Lethem has written several books about growing up in the borough, including Motherless Brooklyn and The Fortress of Solitude. The neighborhood of Park Slope is home to many contemporary writers, including Jonathan Safran Foer, Jhumpa Lahiri, Jonathan Franzen, Rick Moody, Jennifer Egan, Kathryn Harrison, Paul Auster, Franco Ambriz, Nicole Krauss, Colson Whitehead, Darin Strauss, Siri Hustvedt and Suketu Mehta, among others.

Film[edit]

Spike Lee directed She's Gotta Have It and Do The Right Thing, which gave Brooklyn a new cultural prominence

Brooklyn has played a key role in multiple films of various genres, from the 1917 Fatty Arbuckle comedy Coney Island to the 1974 Henry Winkler drama The Lords of Flatbush to the 2011 coming-out film Pariah.

One iconic Brooklyn film is 1945's A Tree Grows In Brooklyn, based on Betty Smith's novel of the same name. It was the first film directed by Greek-American director Elia Kazan, starring James Dunn (who won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor), Dorothy McGuire, Joan Blondell, and Peggy Ann Garner (who won the Academy Juvenile Award). Around that time other Hollywood films also depicted Brooklyn of that era and milieu, like the dark comedy Arsenic and Old Lace.

Saturday Night Fever starring John Travolta, a movie which defined the Disco era in the United States, was set in Bay Ridge, an Italian neighborhood in southern Brooklyn. Working class Jewish communities were depicted in films like 1977's Annie Hall and 1986's Brighton Beach Memoirs.

In the late 1980s, African-American communities in Brooklyn achieved a new cultural prominence with the films of Spike Lee, whose She's Gotta Have It and Do The Right Thing were shot in Brooklyn neighborhoods. Other films in this vein include Straight Out of Brooklyn and Just Another Girl on the I.R.T..

More recently, the 2005 film The Squid and the Whale, by Noah Baumbach, examined the family life of the Park Slope intelligentsia. Provocative dramas like Shortbus and documentaries like Battle for Brooklyn and Trembling Before G-d also showed new facets of Brooklyn.

There is also a robust culture of film aficionados in the borough, flocking to world-class cinemas like BAM. After Radio City Music Hall, Brooklyn Technical High School houses the second largest auditorium in New York City with seating capacity of over 3,000.[1]

Television[edit]

Lena Dunham is the star and creator of Girls, which is set in the "hipster Brooklyn" of Greenpoint and Williamsburg.

Brooklyn has been the setting for a variety of television shows, including the 1950s era Honeymooners starring Jackie Gleason, and the 1970s sitcom, Welcome Back Kotter, starring Gabe Kaplan. In the 1980s, The Cosby Show was set in a Brooklyn Heights brownstone. In the 1990s, Brooklyn Bridge (about a Jewish American family living in Brooklyn in the middle 1950s) starring Marion Ross aired on CBS.

There are a number of currently airing shows set in Brooklyn that focus on young, primarily white people in gentrified areas like Williamsburg, including Girls on HBO and 2 Broke Girls on CBS.

Additionally, many shows are filmed in Brooklyn even if they are not set there, such as The Good Wife and Boardwalk Empire.

Theater[edit]

The Brooklyn Academy of Music (BAM) includes a 2,109-seat opera house, an 874-seat Theater, and the art house BAM Rose Cinemas. Bargemusic and St. Ann's Warehouse are on the other side of Downtown Brooklyn in the DUMBO arts district.

Lynn Nottage's play Crumbs from the Table of Joy is set in post-World War II Brooklyn and deals with the hopes and frustrations of an African American family recently arrived from Florida. Neil Simon's 1983 play "Brighton Beach Memoirs" is set in 1937 Brooklyn.

In 2008, a TKTS Booth was opened in Downtown Brooklyn (Jay St. and Myrtle St. Promenade), allowing patrons to buy both day-of and next-day matinee tickets to selected theatre, dance and music events.

Music[edit]

Brooklyn has a thriving contemporary classical music scene led by the Brooklyn Philharmonic, now over 150 years old.[2]

The Brooklyn Jazz Hall of Fame and Museum is located in Brooklyn.

Many pioneers and icons of hip hop were from Brooklyn, like the Notorious B.I.G., Jay Z, and the Beastie Boys.

Rock pioneers like Patti Smith were based in Brooklym in the 1970s. More recently, North Brooklyn neighborhoods like Williamsburg, Greenpoint, and Bushwick have developed a major rock scene that has incubated bands like the Yeah Yeah Yeahs, Grizzly Bear, TV on the Radio and the Dirty Projectors.

In the very late 1990s the dance genre electroclash originated in north Brooklyn with bands like Fischerspooner and Larry Tee's Berliniamsburg party at the Luxx Club. Other dance and electronic bands famously from Brooklyn include LCD Soundsystem.

Art[edit]

The front facade of the Brooklyn Museum

The Brooklyn Museum, opened in 1897, the nation's second largest public art museum, includes in its permanent collection more than 1.5 million objects, from ancient Egyptian masterpieces to contemporary art. The Brooklyn Children's Museum, the world's first museum dedicated to children, opened in December 1899. The only such New York State institution accredited by the American Association of Museums, it is one of the few globally to have a permanent collection - 30,000+ cultural objects and natural history specimens.

The BRIC Rotunda Gallery, founded in 1981, is the oldest not-for-profit gallery dedicated to presenting contemporary art work by artists who are from, live, or work in the borough.

The Gallery, located in Brooklyn Heights, presents contemporary art of all media, public events and an innovative arts education program. The Gallery's aim is to increase the visibility and accessibility of contemporary art while bridging the gap between the art world and global culture in Brooklyn and the world beyond.

BRIC Rotunda Gallery is the contemporary art space of BRIC Arts | Media | Bklyn, a multi-disciplinary arts and media non-profit, dedicated to presenting contemporary art, performing art and community media programs that are reflective of Brooklyn's diverse communities and to supporting the creative process.

Architecture[edit]

There are a wide array of architectural styles represented in Brooklyn. The architectural eras and styles range from original Dutch colonial architecture represented by such historic homes as the Hendrick I. Lott House to Dutch Colonial Revival architecture, Art Deco to Post-modern.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]