Culture of Ghana

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The culture of Ghana encompasses the development of music and cuisine of the Ghanaian people.[1] English is the official language of Ghana and the primary language for education in Ghana.


Main article: Ghanaian people

The majority of Ghanaian people and citizenry reside in southern Ghana and the Akan language, contains various dialects and is a language rich in proverbs, and the use of proverbs is considered to be a sign of wisdom.[1]

The role and status of women[edit]

Main article: Women in Ghana

Women have risen to positions of professional importance in Ghana.[2]


The Panafest celebrates roots, and African-Americans with roots from the region, often visit and celebrate their heritage.


Main article: Music of Ghana

There are three distinct types of Ghanaian music: traditional music, normally played during festivals; "highlife" music, which is a blend of traditional and ‘imported’ music; and choral music, which is preformed in concert halls, theatres, schools and colleges.


There are a variety of Ghanaian dances from traditional dances to different dances for different occasions such as celebrations.


Main article: Ghanaian cuisine

The cuisine has diverse traditional dishes and generally, most dishes consist of a starchy portion, and a sauce or soup, with fish, seafood, meat or mushrooms.


Association football is the most popular sport in the country. The national men's football team is known as the Black Stars, with the under-20 team known as the Black Satellites. The under-17 team is known as the Black Starlets, while the national men's Olympic team are known as the Black Meteors. They have participated in many championships including the African Cup of Nations, the FIFA World Cup and the FIFA U-20 World Cup.

On October 16, 2009, Ghana became the first African nation to win the FIFA U-20 World Cup by defeating Brazil 4-3 in a penalty shootout.[3] On June 13, 2010, Ghana defeated Serbia 1-0 in first round play in the 2010 FIFA World Cup becoming the first African team to win a FIFA World Cup game hosted on African soil and subsequently became the only African team to progress from the group stage to the knock out phase at the 2010 event. On June 26, 2010 Ghana defeated the USA by 2 goals to 1 in their round of 16 match, becoming the third African country to reach the quarter final stage of the World Cup after Cameroon in 1990 and Senegal in 2002. A loss to Uruguay in Johannesburg on July 2, 2010 by penalty shoot-out ended Ghana's attempt at reaching the semi-finals of the competition.[4]

While men's football is most widely followed sport in Ghana, the national women's football team is gaining exposure, participating in the FIFA Women's World Cup and the CAF Women's Championship. The Ghana women's national football team is known as the Black Queens, while the Ghana national women's under-20 football team are the Black Princesses.

There are several club football teams in Ghana, which play in the Ghana Premier League and Division One league, both managed by the Ghana Football Association. Notable among these are Accra Hearts of Oak SC and Asante Kotoko, which play at the premier league level and are the dominant contenders in the tournament.

Prominent football players recognised at the international level include Tony Yeboah, Michael Essien, Kevin-Prince Boateng, Emmanuel Agyemang-Badu, Abedi Pele, Asamoah Gyan, Anthony Annan, Quincy Owusu-Abeyie, John Pantsil, Samuel Osei Kuffour, Richard Kingson, Sulley Muntari, Laryea Kingston, Stephen Appiah, André Ayew, John Mensah and Dominic Adiyiah.

Ghana is also the birthplace of World Wrestling Entertainment Wrestler Kofi Kingston (born Kofi Sarkodie-Mensah), who is wrestling on the Smackdown brand. Also is Kwame Nkrumah-Acheampong who competed in the Vancouver Winter Olympics. Ghana has also produced quality boxers such as Azumah Nelson a three time world champion, Nana Yaw Konadu also a three time world champion, Ike Quartey, as well as boxers Joshua Clottey and IBF bantamweight champion Joseph Agbeko.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Kwame Arhin: "The Political Systems of Ghana. Background to transformations in traditional authority in the colonial and post-colonial periods." Historical Society of Ghana, 2002. ISBN 9988-8276-0-1
  2. ^ "African Wedding". African Holocaust Society. Retrieved 2009-01-04. 
  3. ^ Kenyon, Matthew (2009-10-16). "". Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  4. ^ "USA 1-2 Ghana (aet)". 2009-06-26. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  • Some of the information, where noted, was reproduced from Ghana: a Country Study edited by LaVerle Berry. Text and graphics contained in the online Country Studies are not copyrighted. They are considered to be in the public domain and thus available for free and unrestricted use. As a courtesy, however, appropriate credit should be given to the series.

Further reading[edit]

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