Culture of Northern Ireland

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The culture of Northern Ireland relates to the traditions of Northern Ireland and its resident communities.

Elements of the culture of Ireland, the culture of Ulster, and the culture of the United Kingdom are to be found.

Heritage[edit]

Since 1998, the Ulster Museum, Armagh Museum, Ulster Folk and Transport Museum and the Ulster American Folk Park have been administered by the National Museums and Galleries of Northern Ireland.

The Linen Hall Library, the oldest library in Belfast, has endured many changes of fortune since its foundation in 1788, but has maintained a vision of providing access to literature and local studies to the population at large.

Food and drink[edit]

An Ulster fry, served in Belfast, Northern Ireland.

Northern Ireland's best known chefs include Paul Rankin and Michael Deane.

The best known traditional dish in Northern Ireland is the Ulster fry. Two other popular meals are fish and chips or 'Bangers and Mash' (Sausages and Creamed Potatoes)

Languages[edit]

The brand identity of the Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure in Northern Ireland as shown on this sign is displayed in English, Irish and Ulster Scots

English is the most spoken language in Northern Ireland. There are also two recognised regional languages in Northern Ireland: the Irish language (see Irish language in Northern Ireland) and the local variety of Scots known as Ulster Scots.[1] Northern Ireland Sign Language (known as British Sign Language to many) and Irish Sign Language have been recognised since 29 March 2004.[2][3]

At the 2001 census, Chinese was the most widely spoken minority language in Northern Ireland, with Shelta, Arabic and Portuguese also spoken by a significant number of people.[1] Since the census, however, an influx of people from recent EU accession states is likely to have significantly increased numbers of speakers of languages from these countries. Detailed figures on these changes are not yet available.[1]

Sports[edit]

Some team sports are played on an all-Ireland basis, while in others Northern Ireland fields its own team.

Internationally well-known sports people include:[citation needed]

Arts[edit]

Literature[edit]

Poetry by Robert McAdam (1808–1895) in paving, Writers' Square, Belfast

Despite its small geographical size, Northern Ireland prolifically produces internationally renowned writers and poets from a wide variety of disciplines.[citation needed] Irish language literature was the predominant literature in the pre-Plantation period. The Ulster Cycle is pertinent to the history of literature in the territory of present-day Northern Ireland. Ulster Scots literature first followed models from Scotland, with the rhyming weavers, such as James Orr, developing an indigenous tradition of vernacular literature. Writers in the counties which now form Northern Ireland participated in the Gaelic Revival.

Visual arts[edit]

Noted visual artists from Northern Ireland include:

Performing arts[edit]

Ulster Hall, a venue for concerts and performance.

Noted actors from Northern Ireland include:

Film and television[edit]

See also Cinema of Northern Ireland

Northern Ireland Screen, a government agency financed by Invest NI and the European Regional Development Fund, provides financial support to film and television productions in Northern Ireland. Among the works it has supported is the 2011 HBO television series Game of Thrones, which is filmed principally in Belfast's Paint Hall studios and on location elsewhere in Northern Ireland.

Belfast hosts the Belfast Film Festival and the CineMagic film festival, as well as several independent cinemas including Queen's Film Theatre and Strand Cinema.

Music[edit]

Main article: Music of Ireland

Noted musicians from Northern Ireland include:

Craft[edit]

August Craft Month is an annual coordinated programme of events that showcase the work of craft makers in Northern Ireland and from across the United Kingdom, Ireland and Europe. It is organised by Craft Northern Ireland.[4]

Songs[edit]

Among traditional songs are The Sash and A Londonderry Air also known as Danny Boy.[citation needed]

Symbolism and traditions[edit]

Unionists tend to use the Union Flag and sometimes the Ulster Banner, while nationalists usually use the Flag of Ireland, or sometimes the Flag of Ulster. Both sides also occasionally use the flags of secular and religious organisations they belong to. Some groups, including the Irish Rugby Football Union and the Church of Ireland use the Flag of St. Patrick as a symbol of Ireland which lacks the same nationalist or unionist connotations.

The flax flower, representing the linen industry, has been used as a neutral symbol – as for the Northern Ireland Assembly.

St. Patrick's Day is celebrated by both nationalists and unionists, while "The Twelfth" is celebrated only by unionists.

Apprentice Boys band marching in Bushmills.

Celebrations to mark the anniversary of the Battle of the Boyne are held every Twelfth of July and draw huge crowds. The Apprentice Boys of Derry also organise commemorative events. The bowler hat is a symbol of Orangeism.

See also[edit]

Venues and events

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Language/Cultural Diversity: Frequently Asked Questions". Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  2. ^ "Sign Language". Department of Culture, Arts and Leisure. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  3. ^ "Paul Murphy announces recognition for sign language". Northern Ireland Office. 30 March 2004. Retrieved 31 January 2011. "I am pleased to announce formal recognition for both British and Irish Sign Languages in Northern Ireland." 
  4. ^ Home | Craft Northern Ireland. Craftni.org. Retrieved on 29 July 2013.

External links[edit]