Culture of Omaha, Nebraska

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The Garden of the Senses Fountain at Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo.

The culture of Omaha, Nebraska has been partially defined by music and college sports, as well as local cuisine and community theatre. The city has a long history of improving and expanding on its cultural offerings. In the 1920s, the Omaha Bee newspaper wrote, "The cultural future of Omaha seems as certain of greatness as the commercial future... The symphony orchestra, the Art institute, the Community Playhouse and other organizations are on firm foundations and Omaha is destined to be not only a bigger, but a better city, both financially and culturally."[1] Reviewing Omaha's contemporary arts scene, the New York Times recently hailed the city as having "a kind of cultural awakening".[2]

The nationally recognized "Omaha Sound" describes the unique alternative rock scene in the city,[3] and Big Joe Williams' 1953 minor hit "Omaha Blues" is about a woman in the city.[4] The baseball College World Series has been held continuously in Omaha since 1950, and a disputed professional wrestling title was called the World Heavyweight Championship (Omaha version) during the 1950s and 60s because promoters in the city hosted their own matches without sanctioning. Fred Astaire and his sister Adele, Nick Nolte, Dorothy McGuire and Marlon Brando were all born in Omaha, and Academy Award winner Henry Fonda grew up in the city and was encouraged to pursue acting by Marlon Brando's mother at the Omaha Community Playhouse, which she helped found.[5]

Museums[edit]

Joslyn Art Museum's tiled Fountain Court

Omaha has one major museum and several regionally important museums.[6] The Joslyn Art Museum is nationally renowned for its collections of Native American art and art works relating to the early European exploration of western North America.[7] The Durham Museum is located on 10th Street in the art deco Union Station. The museum has numerous permanent exhibits and is accredited with the Smithsonian Institution for traveling exhibits from the Smithsonian.[8] Since its inception in 1976, Omaha Children's Museum has been a place where children can challenge themselves, discover how the world works and learn through play.

The Bemis Center for Contemporary Arts, just east of Omaha's Old Market Historic District, was founded in the early 1980s and plays host to artists from all over the world. It is one of the nation's premier artists' colonies,[9] founded originally by Ree Schonlau (Kaneko), wife of famed Japanese artist Jun Kaneko, who lives in Omaha and will open Museum Kaneko in 2007.[10]

Other museums in Omaha include the Great Plains Black History Museum, celebrating the legacy of African Americans in Omaha and throughout the Midwest; and; the General Crook House Museum at Fort Omaha, exploring the role of the U.S. Army during the Indian Wars of the 1900s. General Crook was renowned for speaking on behalf of Chief Standing Bear of the Omahas during the landmark trial of Standing Bear v. Crook in 1879.[11] El Museo Latino celebrates the legacy, art and culture of Latin America, and is the first Latino art & history museum in Omaha.

Performing arts[edit]

The Omaha Symphony Orchestra, founded in 1921[12] and Opera Omaha, opened in 1958,[13] are longtime bastions of the Omaha cultural scene. Omaha Theater Ballet is Nebraska's only resident professional ballet company, performing at both The Rose and Orpheum Theaters.[14] Omaha is home to the Omaha Community Playhouse, the largest, and also one of the most famous and best-endowed community theaters in the United States.[15] The Blue Barn Theatre and the Holland Performing Arts Center are venues located within Omaha.[16]

The Shelterbelt Theatre focuses on the development of original theatrical works and provides practical theater education to playwrights, performers, creative and technical staff. The Omaha Area Youth Orchestra, the Magic Theater, and the Omaha Modern Dance Collective are among other notable performing arts organizations in the area.

Music[edit]

Outside of Sokol Auditorium

Omaha has a rich history in rhythm & blues and jazz as a regular stop for many Kansas City jazz bands and such homegrown talent as Wynonie Harris, Preston Love, Buddy Miles, Luigi Waites, and many others. The city was also the subject of the Big Joe Williams song "Omaha Blues". During the 1960s several surf music bands came out of Omaha of which The Rumbles has become the longest lasting.[17]

According to one reviewer, "Tritely tagged 'emo' by writers everywhere, the Omaha Sound is as varied and complex as the 'Athens Sound'."[18] Omaha has been regarded by some as the "Indie Rock Capital" of the world.[19] During the late 1990s, Omaha became nationally known as the birthplace of the successful rock band 311 and Saddle Creek Records, a record label featuring artists such as Bright Eyes, The Faint, and Cursive.[20] Other major music groups either located in or originally from Omaha include Mannheim Steamroller, Azure Ray, Tilly and the Wall and the late indie-folk singer/songwriter Elliott Smith.

American Idol, a popular reality show and talent competition broadcast on Fox network, chose Omaha as one of its auditioning cities for their seventh season in 2007 at the Qwest Center. David Cook, from Blue Springs, Missouri, was one of many to audition in the city, and he later went on to win that season in 2008.

Cuisine[edit]

The Reuben sandwich: Possibly invented in Omaha.[21]

As the long-time home of several major stockyards, it is no surprise that Omaha is home to a number of renowned steakhouses, including Gorat's and the recently closed Mister C's, as well as Omaha Steaks and The Original Johnny's Cafe. This cultural legacy is also apparent in the name of the city's indoor football team, the Omaha Beef. Omaha also has a long history as a regional beer magnate, with the Krug, Storz, Metz Brewery and Willow Springs Brewery forming the city's "Big 4" breweries.

The Old Market in downtown Omaha includes more than 30 restaurants in this six-block historic district.[22] ConAgra Foods, based in Omaha, supplies foods and ingredients to all types of restaurants, while Godfather's Pizza is a national chain that was founded in Omaha. The Reuben sandwich may have been invented in Omaha,[23] and the collection of single malt Scotch whisky at Dundee Dell may be one of the largest in the United States.[24]

Sports[edit]

Main entrance to the Johnny Rosenblatt Stadium

Omaha's Johnny Rosenblatt Stadium is home to the Omaha Royals minor-league baseball team (the AAA affiliate of the Kansas City Royals). Since 1950, it has hosted the annual NCAA College World Series men's baseball tournament in mid-June.[25] The Omaha Beef indoor football team plays at the Omaha Civic Auditorium. Other sports facilities in Omaha include Morrison Stadium, home of the Creighton Bluejays men's and women's soccer teams.

The Creighton Bluejays compete in a number of NCAA Division I sports. In addition to soccer, they play basketball and baseball.

Ice hockey is a popular spectator sport in Omaha. The two current Omaha-area teams are include the Omaha Lancers, a USHL team that plays at the Omaha Civic Auditorium.[26] The University of Nebraska at Omaha Mavericks is an NCAA Division I team playing at Qwest Center Omaha.

The Omaha Ak-Sar-Ben Knights were the AHL affiliate of the Calgary Flames. The Knights played their home games at the Omaha Civic Auditorium. Following the 2006-2007 season the Knights were relocated to the Quad Cities due to mounting losses taken on by the Calgary organization, they were renamed the Quad City Flames and replace the Quad City Mallards of the United Hockey League.[27]

Omaha is home to numerous important historical and modern sports figures, as well, including Baseball Hall of Famer Bob Gibson; Gregg Olson, 1989 American League Rookie of the Year; Ron Prince, former head football coach at Kansas State University; Heisman Trophy winners Nile Kinnick, Johnny Rodgers, and Eric Crouch; and Gale Sayers, a Pro Football Hall of Famer.

Festivals and parades[edit]

Native Omaha Days is a long-time tradition of North Omaha's African American community. A bi-annual includes dozens of events throughout the Near North Side, including dances, family reunions, and other events. A large parade features notable North Omahans, as well as marching bands and floats.

The Omaha Blues, Jazz, & Gospel Festival and Florence Days are two other important events in Omaha.

Film[edit]

In 1939, the world premiere of the film Union Pacific was held in Omaha, Nebraska. The accompanying three-day celebration drew 250,000 people, doubling the population of the city and requiring the National Guard to help keep order. A special train from Hollywood to Omaha carried director Cecil B. DeMille and stars Barbara Stanwyck and Joel McCrea.[28]

The 1977 the Elvis in Concert television special in Omaha is considered by many experts to be the worst concert Elvis ever performed. The show was filmed, though, and some of the performances made it into the special, including the great performance of How Great Thou Art, probably the only good performance of the concert.[29]

Omaha has been showcased in recent years by a handful of relatively big budget motion pictures as well as by productions with a lesser budget, including the adventure Omaha (The Movie).[30]

Alexander Payne, movie director from Omaha.

The city's most extensive exposure can be accredited to Omaha native Alexander Payne, the Oscar-nominated director shot parts of About Schmidt, Citizen Ruth and Election in the city; his handling of the scenes suggests a deep-rooted love for his hometown, exemplified by his decision to make a feature film called Nebraska eventually.[31] Portions of The Assassination of Richard Nixon and The Indian Runner were also shot in Omaha, including scenes of the now demolished Delmar Hotel. In 2005, Payne joined the board of directors of Film Streams, a nonprofit arts organization opening a two-screen cinema in downtown Omaha.

The demolition of Omaha's Indian Hills Theater, at one time the largest Cinerama in the nation,[32] remains a source of contention between the local artistic community and Methodist Hospital and, at present, the Dundee Theatre is the lone surviving single-screen movie theater in the city.[33]

Media[edit]

The Omaha metropolitan area is served by the Omaha World-Herald, the city's major newspaper, as well as suburban newspapers and independent newspapers and magazines including The Reader, and Omaha Magazine. The Omaha Star, founded in 1938 in North Omaha, is Nebraska's only African American newspaper.[34]

The Omaha World-Herald is the largest employee-owned newspaper in the United States, and also has one of the highest "penetration rates, meaning the percentage of the population that subscribes to the newspaper, in the country. The Omaha World-Herald Freedom Center is a $200 million printing press facility that is on the north end of downtown.[35]

People[edit]

Fred and Adele Astaire circa 1906 in Omaha.

Omaha is the historic and modern birthplace and home of many notable politicians, actors, musicians, business leaders and cultural leaders. Malcolm X was born in Omaha in 1925. A variety of actors, including Fred Astaire and Adele Astaire, Nick Nolte, Dorothy McGuire and Marlon Brando were born in Omaha. Academy Award winner Henry Fonda also grew up in Omaha and was encouraged to pursue acting by Marlon Brando's mother at the Omaha Community Playhouse, which she helped found. Montgomery Clift came from Omaha as well and his family's home still stands on South 33rd St, a few blocks from the Gerald Ford birthplace site which memorializes the 38th President. Omaha's rich musical heritage includes legends such as Wynonie Harris, Preston Love, Buddy Miles, Calvin Keys, Eugene McDaniels and many others. The modern music scene includes the members of 311. The richest person in the world, Warren Buffett, also lives in Omaha.[36]

Ethnic and racial groups[edit]

Native Americans, including Pawnee, Otoe, Sioux, the Missouri and Ioway, have occupied the area for thousands of years. As the city of Omaha has grown, it has thrived from the contributions of people from nations around the world.[37] Early populations to settle in the city included Czechs,[38][39][40] Irish,[41] Germans,[42][43][44] Italians,[45][46] and Norwegians,[47] African Americans, Greeks, Poles, Jews[48] and Slovaks. Today there are growing populations of Sudanese, Mexicans, and Latinos from throughout Central and South America.

Other cultural highlights[edit]

A portion of Omaha's renovated downtown area is known as the Old Market. Part of the former "Jobbers Canyon" that included fruit markets, warehouses and other agricultural and industrial buildings, it is home to a number of shops, restaurants, bars, and art galleries. The area also has uneven brick roads, horse-drawn carriages, and street performers.

Between the zoo and the Old Market lies the Omaha Botanical Gardens (also known as Lauritzen Gardens). This 100-acre (40 ha) botanical garden features 13 outdoor areas, including a rose garden, herb garden, children’s garden and an arboretum. Recognizing Union Pacific's long history in Omaha, situated on the grounds of Lauritzen Gardens is the new Kenefick Park, featuring two of the largest locomotives ever used in the United States - Big Boy #4023, a steam engine, and Centennial #6900. These locomotives overlook Interstate 80 for motorists entering from Iowa.

There are numerous community gardens across the neighborhoods of Omaha, including Big Garden, Big Muddy Urban Farm, Benson Community Garden, City Sprouts, Dundee Community Garden, Farnam Farm Garden, Gifford Park Community Garden, Hands to Harvest Community Garden, and New Omaha Garden Park.

Omaha is also home to a number of nonprofit and charity organizations, including Father Flanagan's famous Girls and Boys Town. Omaha's Henry Doorly Zoo is widely considered one of the premier zoos in the world.[49] The River City Star provides cruises on the Missouri River from the historic Miller's Landing in downtown Omaha.

There are a number of visual and performance artists from Omaha, including Edward Ruscha.

Omaha has five sister cities: Shizuoka, Japan (1965); Braunschweig, Germany (1992); Siauliai, Lithuania (1996); Naas, Ireland (2002); and Xalapa, Mexico (2005).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Larsen, L.H., Cottrell, B.J. and Dalstrom, H.A. (2007) Upstream Metropolis: An Urban Biography of Omaha and Council Bluffs. University of Nebraska Press. p 156.
  2. ^ Andersen, K. (2007) Omaha’s Culture Club. New York Times T Style Magazine - Travel. 3/25/07. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  3. ^ (2003) "Don't-miss acts," Denver Post. 9/31/03. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  4. ^ (2002) Nebraska in Popular Song. Goleta Publishing. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  5. ^ Bain, D.H. (2004) The Old Iron Road: An Epic of Rails, Roads, and the Urge to Go West. New York: Penguin Books
  6. ^ (nd) Museums of Omaha, Nebraska. TheCityofOmaha.Com. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  7. ^ (nd) Smithsonian Affiliations. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  8. ^ (nd) History. Durham Western Heritage Museum. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  9. ^ (2006) Insight Omaha: The Art of it All. Hemispheres Magazine. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  10. ^ (nd) History. The Rows at SoMa website. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  11. ^ (nd) General Crook House Museum. Douglas County Historical Society. Retrieved 6/9/07.
  12. ^ (nd) History. Omaha Symphony History. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  13. ^ (nd) Company history. Opera Omaha. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  14. ^ (nd) Spotlight: A wealth of Opportunity at the "The Rose". Nebraska Arts Council. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  15. ^ (nd) OCP History. Omaha Community Playhouse. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  16. ^ Hassebroek, A. (2006) "Holland Center Further Energized Omaha's Lively Culture." Omaha World Herald. 10/15/06. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  17. ^ (1990) "Tyme and the Evolution of the Coachmen", Omaha World Herald Magazine of the Midlands. 10/21/90.
  18. ^ Holder, E. (2003) "Heartbroken Penmanship: A Brief History Of All Things Cursive". Flagpole, 9/24/03. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  19. ^ Chee, N. Living in the "Indie Rock Capital". LostFM. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  20. ^ Schulte, B. (2003) "The Story of Omaha; Nebraska City Gets a Makeover: Cow Town to Urban Hip." Washington Post, 12/14/03. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  21. ^ (nd) History of the Reuben Sandwich What's Cooking America? website. Retrieved 6/9/07
  22. ^ (nd) Old Market Community. Retrieved 6/9/07
  23. ^ (nd) History of the Reuben Sandwich.
  24. ^ (nd) Great Malt Whiskey Bars of the World. Aberlour Single Malt Whiskey website. Retrieved 6/9/07.
  25. ^ Bohls, Kirk (2004-06-22). "This player at CWS knows all the scores". Cox News Service. Retrieved 2006-06-19. 
  26. ^ (nd) Team History. Omaha Lancers. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  27. ^ (2007) Flames announce relocation of American Hockey League franchise to the Quad Cities (Moline, IL). Calgary Flames Franchise website. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  28. ^ (nd) Trivia for Union Pacific (1939). Internet Movie Database. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  29. ^ Coleman, K. (nd) Summary: Elvis in Concert. About.Com. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  30. ^ Wolf, S. (1995) Omaha (the movie) catches fire in Des Moines. Iowa State Daily. Retrieved 6/7/07
  31. ^ (2004) UNO to Host Alexander Payne Film Festival and Symposium. University of Nebraska at Omaha. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  32. ^ Haines, R. The Moviegoing Experience, 1968-2001. p. 231.
  33. ^ (nd) About Us. Dundee Theater. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  34. ^ (2007) "Omaha Star receives award," The Reader. January 25, 2007.
  35. ^ (nd) Who We Are. Omaha World-Herald website. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  36. ^ Luisa Kroll (2008-03-05). "The World's Billionaires". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2008-04-14. 
  37. ^ (nd) Ethnic groups in Nebraska. USGenWeb.net. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  38. ^ Rosicky, R. (1929) Introduction of Czechs to Douglas County. History of Czechs (Bohemians) in Nebraska. Czech Historical Society of Nebraska. Retrieved 6/9/07.
  39. ^ (nd) Czechs in Professional, Artistic, Banking and Other Careers. Nebraska Ethnic Groups.
  40. ^ (nd) Omaha Czech Cultural Club website. Retrieved 6/9/07.
  41. ^ (nd) Irish in Omaha website. Retrieved 6/9/07.
  42. ^ Luebke, Frederick C. Immigrants and Politics: The Germans of Nebraska, 1880-1900 (1969)
  43. ^ Luebke, Frederick C. "The German-American Alliance in Nebraska, 1910-1917." Nebraska History 49 (1969): 165-85.
  44. ^ (1913) Omaha Nebraska Tornado Album - German Version. Omaha Tribune. Retrieved 6/9/07.
  45. ^ Beals, J. (2006) "The Year of O! In terms of economic development, 2006 was a banner year in Omaha", Omaha City Weekly. Retrieved 6/7/07.
  46. ^ O'Hara, E. (1911) The Catholic Encyclopedia, XII. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  47. ^ Gjerset, K & Hektoen, L (n.d.) Becoming American, Becoming Suburban: Norwegians in the 1920s. Norwegian American Historical Archives. Volume 33: Page 3.
  48. ^ Pollak, O., and Greenbaum, L. (2001) "Jewish Youth and Yiddish Culture in Omaha, Nebraska, 1922–1926," Western States Jewish History, 33 (Winter 2001), p 99–119.
  49. ^ (2003) "36 hours in Omaha." New York Times. 10/24/03. Retrieved 6/7/07.

External links[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Chudacoff, H. (1973) "A New Look At Ethnic Neighborhoods: Residential Dispersion and the Concept of Visibility in a Medium-Sized City." The Journal of American History. 60(1) (June 1973), pp. 76-93.

Coordinates: 41°17′49″N 95°54′17″W / 41.2969°N 95.9048°W / 41.2969; -95.9048