Cumbe Mayo

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cumbe Mayo
Kumpi Mayu
Cumbe Mayo Archaeological site - aqueduct.jpg
The aqueduct of Cumbe Mayo includes tunnels
Cumbe Mayo is located in Peru
Cumbe Mayo
Shown within Peru
Alternate name Humpi Mayo
Location Cajamarca, Cajamarca Province, Cajamarca Region, Peru
Coordinates 07°11′23″S 78°34′26″W / 7.18972°S 78.57389°W / -7.18972; -78.57389Coordinates: 07°11′23″S 78°34′26″W / 7.18972°S 78.57389°W / -7.18972; -78.57389
Type Aqueducht

Cumbe Mayo is located about 12 miles (19 km) southwest of the Peruvian city of Cajamarca, at an elevation of approximately 11,000 feet (3,300 meters). The location is best known for the ruins of a Pre-Incan aqueduct stretching approximately five miles in length. The aqueduct collected water from the Atlantic watershed and redirected it on its way to the Pacific Ocean. It is thought to have been constructed around 1500 B.C. and was once thought to be the oldest existing man-made structure in South America. The name Cumbe Mayo may be derived from a Quechua phrase, kumpi mayu, meaning “well-made water channel,” or humpi mayo, meaning “thin river.”

The course of the aqueduct
Petroglyph of Cumbe Mayo

There are a number of petroglyphs on the aqueduct and surrounding caverns.

This remote mountainous region is also the location of a "stone forest" composed of natural volcanic rocks which have been shaped by erosion. These formations of volcanic rock are also known as Los Frailones, or the Stone Monks.