Cumberland County, New Jersey

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Cumberland County, New Jersey
Downtown Bridgeton NJ.JPG
Downtown Bridgeton
Seal of Cumberland County, New Jersey
Seal
Map of New Jersey highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the state of New Jersey
Map of the United States highlighting New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
Founded 1748
Named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland
Seat Bridgeton[1]
Largest city Vineland (population)
Maurice River Township (area)
Area
 • Total 677.62 sq mi (1,755 km2)
 • Land 483.70 sq mi (1,253 km2)
 • Water 193.92 sq mi (502 km2), 28.62%
Population
 • (2010) 156,898[2]
 • Density 321/sq mi (123.8/km²)
Congressional district 2nd
Website www.co.cumberland.nj.us

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 156,898,[2] increasing by 10,460 (+7.1%) from the 146,438 counted in the 2000 Census,[3] retaining its position as the state's 16th-most populous county.[4][5] Its county seat is Bridgeton.[6][1] Cumberland County is named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland.[7][8] The county was formally created from portions of Salem County as of January 19, 1748.[9]

This county is part of the Vineland-Millville-Bridgeton Primary Metropolitan Statistical Area[10] as well as the Delaware Valley Combined Statistical Area.[11]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 677.62 square miles (1,755.0 km2), of which 483.70 square miles (1,252.8 km2) of it (71.4%) was land and 193.92 square miles (502.3 km2) of it (28.6%) was water.[12]

Cumberland is a low-lying, generally featureless coastal county, with many salt marshes near the Delaware Bay. The highest elevation is at one of 12 areas in Upper Deerfield Township that stand approximately 140 feet (43 m) above sea level;[13] the lowest elevation is sea level.

Adjacent counties[edit]

1across Delaware Bay; no land border

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 8,248
1800 9,529 15.5%
1810 12,670 33.0%
1820 12,668 0.0%
1830 14,093 11.2%
1840 14,374 2.0%
1850 17,189 19.6%
1860 22,605 31.5%
1870 34,665 53.4%
1880 37,687 8.7%
1890 45,438 20.6%
1900 51,193 12.7%
1910 55,153 7.7%
1920 61,348 11.2%
1930 69,895 13.9%
1940 73,184 4.7%
1950 88,597 21.1%
1960 106,850 20.6%
1970 121,374 13.6%
1980 132,866 9.5%
1990 138,053 3.9%
2000 146,438 6.1%
2010 156,898 7.1%
Est. 2012 157,785 [14][15] 0.6%
Historical sources: 1790-1990[16]
1970-2010[5] 2000[3] 2010[2]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 156,898 people, 51,931 households, and 36,559 families residing in the county. The population density was 324.4 per square mile (125.3 /km2). There were 55,834 housing units at an average density of 115.4 per square mile (44.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.74% (98,430) White, 20.23% (31,741) Black or African American, 1.11% (1,746) Native American, 1.22% (1,907) Asian, 0.04% (59) Pacific Islander, 11.15% (17,492) from other races, and 3.52% (5,523) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 27.06% (42,457) of the population.[2]

There were 51,931 households of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 24% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.26.[2]

In the county, 24% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.5 years. For every 100 females there were 106.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.9 males.[2]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 146,438 people, 49,143 households, and 35,186 families residing in the county. The population density was 299 people per square mile (116/km²). There were 52,863 housing units at an average density of 108 per square mile (42/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.88% White, 20.20% Black or African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 9.08% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 19.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[3][18] Among those residents listing their ancestry, 15.6% of residents were of Italian, 12.1% German, 10.7% Irish and 8.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000.[18][19]

There were 49,143 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.70% were married couples living together, 17.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.19.[3]

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 104.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.50 males.[3]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,150, and the median income for a family was $45,403. Males had a median income of $35,387 versus $25,393 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,376. About 11.3% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.[18][20]

Government[edit]

County[edit]

The Cumberland County Courthouse in Bridgeton

Cumberland County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of seven members. Each Freeholder is assigned responsibility for one of the County's departments. These individuals are elected at large by the citizens of Cumberland County in partisan elections and serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year.[21]

As of 2013, members of the Cumberland County Board of Chosen Freeholders (with residence, term-end year and committee chairmanship listed in parentheses) are:[22]

  • Freeholder Director Joseph Derella (Millville, 2015; Public Safety)[23]
  • Deputy Freeholder Director Douglas Long (Upper Deerfield Township, 2015; Economic Development/Education)[24]
  • Samuel L. Fiocchi, Sr. (Vineland, 2013; Agriculture)[25]
  • Carl W. Kirstein (Upper Deerfield Township, 2013; Health)[26]
  • Carlos Mercado (Vineland, appointed in July 2013 to serve the unexpired term of Bill Whelan until the November 2013 general election, when a successor will be elected to serve until the 2014 expiration of the term)[27]
  • Carol Musso (Deerfield Township, 2014; Community Services)[28]
  • Tony Surace (Millville, 2014; Public Works and Property)[29]

Then-Freeholder Director Bill Whelan, whose term was to run to December 2014, announced in July 2013 that he was resigning from office.[30] Later that month, Joe Derella was chosen to replace Whelan as director, while the vacant seat was filled by Vineland resident Carlos Mercado.[31]

Freeholder Louis N. Magazzu, whose term was to expire in 2012, announced his resignation on August 2, 2011, after a series of explicit pictures that he had sent to a woman he had known were leaked to a website and published on the Internet. Magazzu apologized to the public and to his family, and announced his resignation immediately.[32]

Federal and state[edit]

The 2nd Congressional District includes all of Cumberland County.[33][34] New Jersey's Second Congressional District is represented by Frank LoBiondo (R, Ventnor City).[35]

The county is part of the 1st and 3rd Districts in the New Jersey Legislature.[36]

The New Jersey Department of Corrections operates three correctional facilities in the county. They are Bayside State Prison, South Woods State Prison, and Southern State Correctional Facility. In 2007, while the state was preparing to close Riverfront State Prison in Camden, it considered establishing a fourth state prison in Cumberland County.[37]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Year GOP Dems
2012[38] 37.8% 20,658 62.2% 34,055
2008[39] 39.0% 22,238 60.0% 34,355
2004[40] 45.6% 24,362 52.2% 27,875
2000[41] 40.1% 18,882 59.9% 28,188

Cumberland County tends to lean towards the Democratic party. In the 2004 U.S. Presidential election, John Kerry carried the county by a 6.6% margin over George W. Bush.[42]

Municipalities[edit]

Index map of Cumberland County Municipalities (click to see index key)

The following municipalities are located in Cumberland County. The municipality type is listed in parentheses after the name, except where the type is included as part of the name. Census-designated places and other unincorporated communities are listed under their municipalities.

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

The following public-use airports are located in Cumberland County:

Roads[edit]

Cumberland is served only by state and county routes. Major county routes that pass through include CR 540, CR 548 (only in Maurice River), CR 550, CR 552, CR 553 and CR 555.

State routes include Route 47, Route 49, Route 55, Route 56, Route 77 and Route 347.

Route 55 is the only limited access road in the county which provides access to Interstate 76, Interstate 295, and the Philadelphia area to the north.

Climate and weather[edit]

Bridgeton, New Jersey
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
3.6
 
41
25
 
 
2.9
 
44
28
 
 
4.3
 
52
34
 
 
4
 
63
43
 
 
3.8
 
73
53
 
 
4.2
 
82
63
 
 
4.1
 
87
68
 
 
4.1
 
85
66
 
 
4.3
 
78
59
 
 
3.6
 
67
47
 
 
3.3
 
56
39
 
 
4
 
45
30
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[43]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bridgeton have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −13 °F (−25 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 101 °F (38 °C) was recorded in July 1966. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.94 inches (75 mm) in February to 4.30 inches (109 mm) in March.[43]

Wineries[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cape May County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 20, 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
  4. ^ NJ Labor Market Views, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, March 15, 2011. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  5. ^ a b New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts; 2010 Census of Population and Housing, p. 6, CPH-2-32. United States Census Bureau, August 2012, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 31, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Baehr, Judy. "Cumberland – A County Born of Hope, Optimism", Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2007. "The county was named for William Augustus, the second son of King George II. As the Duke of Cumberland in 1746, he had defeated the Stuart Pretender, Charles Edward (Bonnie Prince Charlie), at the battle of Culloden and established the House of Hanover on the British throne."
  8. ^ The Origin of New Jersey Place Names: C, GetNJ.com. Accessed December 13, 2007.
  9. ^ Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 78. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  10. ^ May 2012 Metropolitan and Nonmetropolitan Area Definitions, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed May 29, 2013.
  11. ^ Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas, Office of Management and Budget, February 28, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  12. ^ Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Counties, United States Census Bureau, Backed up by the Internet Archive as of June 11, 2012. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  13. ^ New Jersey County High Points, Peakbagger.com. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  14. ^ PEPANNRES: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  15. ^ State & County QuickFacts for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L. Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 from the Twenty-one Decennial Censuses, pp. 108-109. United States Census Bureau, March 1996. ISBN 9780934213486. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ a b c Tables DP-1 to DP-4 from Census 2000 for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau, backed up by the Internet Archive as of July 6, 2008. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  19. ^ DP-2 - Profile of Selected Social Characteristics: 2000 from the Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  20. ^ DP-3 - Profile of Selected Economic Characteristics: 2000 from Census 2000 Summary File 3 (SF 3) - Sample Data for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  21. ^ What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  22. ^ County Freeholders, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  23. ^ Joseph Derella, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  24. ^ Douglas Long, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  25. ^ Samuel L. Fiocchi, Sr., Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  26. ^ Carl W. Kirstein, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  27. ^ Kent, Spencer. "Mercado chosen to fill vacant seat on Cumberland County Board of Chosen Freeholders", South Jersey Times, July 22, 2013. Accessed October 3, 2013. "Carlos Mercado has been chosen to temporarily fill the vacant seat on the Cumberland County Board of Chosen Freeholders, Democratic Party officials said. Mercado, current chairman of the Cumberland County Board of Social Services, was picked to take the seat left open when Democrat Bill Whelan resigned July 5."
  28. ^ Carol Musso, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  29. ^ Tony Surace, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed September 30, 2013.
  30. ^ Kent, Spencer. "Cumberland County Freeholder Director Bill Whelan resigns, seeking 'balance'", South Jersey Times, July 5, 2013. Accessed September 30, 2013. "Cumberland County Freeholder Director Bill Whelan announced his resignation Friday, effective immediately."
  31. ^ Kent, Spencer. "Joe Derella named Cumberland County freeholder board's new director", South Jersey Times, July 23, 2013. Accessed September 24, 2013. "Joe Derella was chosen Tuesday night as the new director of the Cumberland County Board of Chosen Freeholders.... Democrat Carlos Mercado of Vineland was then sworn in to temporarily fill the board seat left empty by Whelan’s departure."
  32. ^ Smith, Joseph P. "Sexting scandal ends S.J. freeholder's career", Courier Post, August 3, 2011. Accessed August 3, 2011. "Louis N. Magazzu resigned from the board of freeholders Tuesday after a decade at the top of Democratic politics. His departure came after an embarrassing sexting scandal made the jump from a private website and local gossip circles into print and television media."
  33. ^ 2012 Congressional Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  34. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2011. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  35. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  36. ^ 2011 Legislative Districts by County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  37. ^ Jackson, Miles. "IS A NEW PRISON NEEDED?: Facilities offer steady employment in Cumberland Co." Daily Journal. June 23, 2007. A1 News. Retrieved on September 27, 2011. "The county already is home to South Woods State Prison in Bridgeton, Southern State Correctional Facility in Delmont and Bayside State Prison in Leesburg."
  38. ^ Official List - Candidates for President For GENERAL ELECTION 11/06/2012 Election, Secretary of State of New Jersey, December 6, 2012. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  39. ^ "New Jersey: Presidential County Results", The New York Times. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  40. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Cumberland County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  41. ^ Official List Candidates for President For November 2000 General Election, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, April 17, 2008. Accessed October 3, 2013.
  42. ^ New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County 2004, Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University. Accessed August 31, 2008.
  43. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Bridgeton, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°20′N 75°08′W / 39.33°N 75.13°W / 39.33; -75.13