Cumberland County, New Jersey
|Cumberland County, New Jersey|
Location in the state of New Jersey
New Jersey's location in the U.S.
677.62 sq mi (1,755 km²)
483.70 sq mi (1,253 km²)
193.92 sq mi (502 km²), 28.62%
321/sq mi (123.8/km²)
Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 156,898. Its county seat is Bridgeton. Cumberland County is named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland.
According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 677.62 square miles (1,755.0 km2), of which 483.70 square miles (1,252.8 km2) (or 71.38%) is land and 193.92 square miles (502.3 km2) (or 28.62%) is water.
Cumberland is a low-lying, generally featureless coastal county, with many salt marshes near the Delaware Bay. The highest elevation is at one of 12 areas in Upper Deerfield Township that exceed 140 feet (42.6 m) above sea level; the lowest elevation is sea level.
Adjacent counties 
- Gloucester County, New Jersey – north
- Atlantic County, New Jersey – northeast
- Cape May County, New Jersey – southeast
- Kent County, Delaware – west1
- Salem County, New Jersey – northwest
1across Delaware Bay; no land border
|historical census data sources:
Census 2010 
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 156,898 people, 51,931 households, and 36,559 families residing in the county. The population density was 324.4 inhabitants per square mile (125.3 /km2). There were 55,834 housing units at an average density of 115.4 per square mile (44.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 62.74% (98,430) White, 20.23% (31,741) Black or African American, 1.11% (1,746) Native American, 1.22% (1,907) Asian, 0.04% (59) Pacific Islander, 11.15% (17,492) from other races, and 3.52% (5,523) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27.06% (42,457) of the population.
There were 51,931 households out of which 31.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.2% were married couples living together, 18.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 24% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.79 and the average family size was 3.26.
In the county the population was spread out with 24% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 25.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.5 years. For every 100 females there were 106.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 106.9 males.
Census 2000 
As of the 2000 United States Census there were 146,438 people, 49,143 households, and 35,186 families residing in the county. The population density was 299 people per square mile (116/km²). There were 52,863 housing units at an average density of 108 per square mile (42/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 65.88% White, 20.20% Black or African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.95% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 9.08% from other races, and 2.85% from two or more races. 19.00% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.4% were of Italian, 9.9% German, 7.9% Irish and 6.7% English ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 49,143 households out of which 34.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.70% were married couples living together, 17.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 23.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.73 and the average family size was 3.19.
In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 8.50% from 18 to 24, 31.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 104.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.50 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $39,150, and the median income for a family was $45,403. Males had a median income of $35,387 versus $25,393 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,376. About 11.30% of families and 15.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.10% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.
County government 
Cumberland County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders consisting of seven members. Each Freeholder is assigned responsibility for one of the County's departments. These individuals are elected at large by the citizens of Cumberland County in partisan elections and serve staggered three-year terms in office, with two or three seats coming up for election each year.
As of 2011[update], members of the Burlington County Board of Chosen Freeholders (with their term end dates and committee chairmanships listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director William Whelan (2011; Finance), Deputy Freeholder Director James A. Dunkins (2011; Health), Samuel L. Fiocchi, Sr. (2013; Public Works), Jane Jannarone (2011; Public Affairs, Cultural & History), Carl W. Kirstein (2013; Public Property & Personnel) and Thomas Sheppard (2012; Agriculture).
Freeholder Louis N. Magazzu, whose term was to expire in 2012, announced his resignation on August 2, 2011, after a series of explicit pictures that he had sent to a woman he had known were leaked to a website and published on the Internet. Magazzu apologized to the public and to his family, and announced his resignation immediately.
State representation 
The New Jersey Department of Corrections operates three correctional facilities in the county. They are Bayside State Prison, South Woods State Prison, and Southern State Correctional Facility. In 2007, while the state was preparing to close Riverfront State Prison in Camden, it considered establishing a fourth state prison in Cumberland County.
The following municipalities are located in Cumberland County. The municipality type is listed in parentheses after the name, except where the type is included as part of the name. Census-designated places and other unincorporated communities are listed under their municipalities.
- Bridgeton (city)
- Commercial Township
- Deerfield Township
- Downe Township
- Fairfield Township
- Greenwich Township
- Hopewell Township
- Lawrence Township
- Maurice River Township
- Millville (city)
- Shiloh (borough)
- Stow Creek Township
- Upper Deerfield Township
- Vineland (city)
The following public-use airports are located in Cumberland County:
- Bucks Airport (00N) in Bridgeton
- Li Calzi Airport (N50) in Bridgeton
- Millville Municipal Airport (MIV) in Millville
- Kroelinger Airport (29N) in Vineland
Climate and weather 
|Bridgeton, New Jersey|
|Climate chart (explanation)|
In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Bridgeton have ranged from a low of 25 °F (−4 °C) in January to a high of 87 °F (31 °C) in July, although a record low of −13 °F (−25 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 101 °F (38 °C) was recorded in July 1966. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.94 inches (75 mm) in February to 4.30 inches (109 mm) in March.
See also 
- Cape May County, NJ, National Association of Counties. Accessed January 20, 2013.
- DP1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- Baehr, Judy. "Cumberland – A County Born of Hope, Optimism", Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed December 13, 2007. "The county was named for William Augustus, the second son of King George II. As the Duke of Cumberland in 1746, he had defeated the Stuart Pretender, Charles Edward (Bonnie Prince Charlie), at the battle of Culloden and established the House of Hanover on the British throne."
- The Origin of New Jersey Place Names: C, GetNJ.com. Accessed December 13, 2007.
- "Census 2010 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 5, 2011.
- PEPANNRES: Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- State & County QuickFacts for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed March 14, 2013.
- "New Jersey Resident Population by County: 1880 – 1930".
- "Geostat Center: Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 2, 2007.
- "The Counties and Most Populous Cities and Townships in 2010 in New Jersey: 2000 and 2010". U.S. Census Bureau. February 3, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- DP-1 - Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000; Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Cumberland County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed January 21, 2013.
- What is a County Freeholder?, Cumberland County, New Jersey. Accessed February 3, 2008.
- County Freeholders, Cumberland County. Accessed August 3, 2011.
- Louis N. Magazzu, Freeholder Louis N. Magazzu. Accessed August 3, 2011.
- Smith, Joseph P. "Sexting scandal ends S.J. freeholder's career", Courier Post, August 3, 2011. Accessed August 3, 2011. "Louis N. Magazzu resigned from the board of freeholders Tuesday after a decade at the top of Democratic politics. His departure came after an embarrassing sexting scandal made the jump from a private website and local gossip circles into print and television media."
- Jackson, Miles. "IS A NEW PRISON NEEDED?: Facilities offer steady employment in Cumberland Co." Daily Journal. June 23, 2007. A1 News. Retrieved on September 27, 2011. "The county already is home to South Woods State Prison in Bridgeton, Southern State Correctional Facility in Delmont and Bayside State Prison in Leesburg."
- Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
- New Jersey Presidential Election Returns by County 2004, Eagleton Institute of Politics at Rutgers University. Accessed August 31, 2008.
- "Monthly Averages for Bridgeton, New Jersey". The Weather Channel. Retrieved October 13, 2012.
||Salem County||Gloucester County||Atlantic County|
|Kent County, Delaware|
|Delaware Bay||Cape May County|