Cumberland County, North Carolina

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Cumberland County, North Carolina
Cumberland County, North Carolina courthouse.jpg
Cumberland County Courthouse in Fayetteville
Seal of Cumberland County, North Carolina
Seal
Map of North Carolina highlighting Cumberland County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the United States highlighting North Carolina
North Carolina's location in the U.S.
Founded 1754
Named for Prince William, Duke of Cumberland
Seat Fayetteville
Largest city Fayetteville
Area
 • Total 658 sq mi (1,704 km2)
 • Land 653 sq mi (1,691 km2)
 • Water 6 sq mi (16 km2), 0.87%
Population (Est.)
 • (2013) 325,871
 • Density 500/sq mi (193.1/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 4th, 7th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.cumberland.nc.us

Cumberland County is a county located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 census, the population was 319,431.[1] Its county seat is Fayetteville.[2]

Cumberland County is part of the Fayetteville, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county was formed in 1754 from Bladen County. It was named for Prince William Augustus, Duke of Cumberland (1721-1765), captain-general of the British army and victorious commander at the Battle of Culloden.

In 1771 parts of Cumberland County, Johnston County, and Orange County were combined to form Wake County. In July 1784 the western part of Cumberland County became Moore County; the eastern part became Fayette County in honor of the Marquis de la Fayette, but the name Cumberland County was restored three months later. In 1855 the northern part of Cumberland County became Harnett County. Finally, in 1911 parts of Cumberland County and Robeson County were combined to form Hoke County.

Law and government[edit]

Cumberland County is a member of the regional Mid-Carolina Council of Governments.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 658 square miles (1,704.2 km2), of which 653 square miles (1,691.3 km2) is land and 6 square miles (15.5 km2) (0.87%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 8,730
1800 9,264 6.1%
1810 9,382 1.3%
1820 14,446 54.0%
1830 14,834 2.7%
1840 15,284 3.0%
1850 20,610 34.8%
1860 16,369 −20.6%
1870 17,035 4.1%
1880 23,836 39.9%
1890 27,321 14.6%
1900 29,249 7.1%
1910 35,284 20.6%
1920 35,064 −0.6%
1930 45,219 29.0%
1940 59,320 31.2%
1950 96,006 61.8%
1960 148,418 54.6%
1970 212,042 42.9%
1980 247,160 16.6%
1990 274,566 11.1%
2000 302,963 10.3%
2010 319,431 5.4%
Est. 2013 325,871 2.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 302,963 people, 107,358 households, and 77,619 families residing in the county. The population density was 464 people per square mile (179/km²). There were 118,425 housing units at an average density of 181 per square mile (70/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.15% White, 34.90% Black or African American, 1.55% Native American, 1.88% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 3.13% from other races, and 3.09% from two or more races. 6.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

By 2005 Cumberland County's population was 51.5% non-Hispanic whites. It was 36.7% African-American. 6.4% of the population was Latino. 3.1% of the population reported more than one race. 2.1% of the population was Asian. 1.7% of the population was Native American.

There were 107,358 households out of which 39.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.90% were married couples living together, 15.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county the population was spread out with 27.90% under the age of 18, 13.70% from 18 to 24, 32.90% from 25 to 44, 17.80% from 45 to 64, and 7.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 102.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,466, and the median income for a family was $41,459. Males had a median income of $28,308 versus $22,379 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,376. About 10.40% of families and 12.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.80% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Cumberland County is home to Fayetteville State University (an HBCU in the CIAA Conference), Methodist University (a member of the USA South Athletic Conference), and Fayetteville Technical Community College.

The Cumberland County Schools system is the fourth largest Public school system in the state of North Carolina. There are 17 high schools in Cumberland County: Cape Fear, Cross Creek Early College, Cumberland International Early College, Douglas Byrd, E.E. Smith, Fuller Performance Learning Center, Gray's Creek, Howard Health and Life Sciences, Jack Britt, Massey Hill Classical, Pine Forest, Reid Ross Classical, Seventy-First, South View, Terry Sanford, Alger B. Wilkins, Ramsey Street, and Westover.

Communities[edit]

Map of Cumberland County, North Carolina With Municipal and Township Labels

Townships[edit]

The county is divided into eleven townships: Beaver Dam, Black River, Carvers Creek, Cedar Creek, Cross Creek, Eastover, Gray's Creek, Manchester, Pearces Mill, Rockfish, and Seventy-First.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 35°03′N 78°50′W / 35.05°N 78.83°W / 35.05; -78.83