Cumberland County, Pennsylvania
|Cumberland County, Pennsylvania|
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||January 27, 1750|
|• Total||551 sq mi (1,427 km2)|
|• Land||550 sq mi (1,424 km2)|
|• Water||1 sq mi (3 km2), 0.18%|
|• Density||428/sq mi (165.3/km²)|
|Congressional districts||4th, 11th|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Cumberland County is included in the Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, and the larger Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Metropolitan and Combined Statistical Area
- 4 Recreation
- 5 Demographics
- 6 Government and politics
- 7 Municipalities
- 8 Education
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Cumberland County was first settled by a majority of Scots-Irish immigrants who arrived in this area about 1730. English and German settlers constituted about ten percent of the early population. The settlers originally mostly devoted the area to farming and later developed other trades. These settlers built the Middle Spring Presbyterian Church, among the oldest houses of worship in central Pennsylvania, in 1738 near present day Shippensburg, Pennsylvania.
The General Assembly (legislature) of the Pennsylvania colony on January 27, 1750, created Cumberland County from Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, naming it for Cumberland, England. Its county seat is Carlisle. The county also lies within the Cumberland Valley adjoining the Susquehanna River at its eastern border, stretching approximately 42 miles from the borough of Shippensburg on the west to the Susquehanna River in east Cumberland County.
The oldest towns in the county are Shippensburg, Pennsylvania, and Carlisle, Pennsylvania, each with its unique history. Shippensburg is home to Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania, one of 14 universities of the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education. Carlisle is also home to Dickinson College, established in 1773, and the Penn State Dickinson School of Law.
The United States Army War College is a United States Army school located in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, on the 500 acre (2 km²) campus of the historic Carlisle Barracks, a military post dating back to the 1770s. It caters to high-level military personnel and civilians and prepares them for strategic leadership responsibilities. It is the U. S. Army's most senior military educational institution.
In the 20th century, the suburbs of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, the state capital, expanded extensively into eastern Cumberland County. Carlisle also developed suburbs in adjoining townships.
Metropolitan and Combined Statistical Area
The United States Office of Management and Budget has designated Cumberland County as the Harrisburg-Carlisle, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). As of the 2010 U.S. Census the metropolitan area ranked 6th most populous in the State of Pennsylvania and the 96th most populous in the United States with a population of 549,475. Cumberland County is also a part of the larger Harrisburg-York-Lebanon, PA Combined Statistical Area (CSA), which combines the populations of Cumberland County as well as Adams, Dauphin, Lebanon, Perry and York Counties in Pennsylvania. The Combined Statistical Area ranked 5th in the State of Pennsylvania and 43rd most populous in the United States with a population of 1,219,422.
- Perry County (north)
- Dauphin County (east)
- York County (southeast)
- Adams County (southwest)
- Franklin County (west)
There are three Pennsylvania state parks in Cumberland County.
- Colonel Denning State Park
- Kings Gap Environmental Education and Training Center
- Pine Grove Furnace State Park
As of the census of 2000, there were 213,674 people, 83,015 households, and 56,118 families residing in the county. The population density was 388 people per square mile (150/km²). There were 86,951 housing units at an average density of 158 per square mile (61/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.40% White, 2.36% Black or African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.67% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.43% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 1.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.3% were of German, 10.6% American, 10.1% Irish, 7.5% English and 6.8% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.7% spoke English and 1.4% Spanish as their first language.
There were 83,015 households out of which 29.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.50% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.40% were non-families. 26.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the county, the population was spread out with 22.00% under the age of 18, 10.60% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.
Its per capita income is $31,627, making it the wealthiest Pennsylvania county outside greater Philadelphia, and fifth wealthiest overall.
Government and politics
As of November 2008, there are 152,408 registered voters in Cumberland County.
The Republican Party has been dominant in Cumberland County politics since before the American Civil War, with the victories of Robert P. Casey for Governor in 1990 and Bob Casey Jr. for state treasurer in 2004 being among the few times where a statewide Democrat carried the county. The county commissioner majority, all row offices, and all legislative seats serving Cumberland are held by Republicans.
- Barbara Cross, Chairman, Republican
- Jim Hertzler, Vice-chairman, Democrat
- Gary Eichelberger, Secretary, Republican
Other county offices
- Clerk of Courts, Dennis Lebo, Republican
- Controller, Alfred Whitcomb, Republican
- Coroner Charles Hall, Republican
- District Attorney, David Freed, Republican
- Prothonotary, David D. Buell, Republican
- Recorder of Deeds, Tammy L. Shearer, Republican
- Register of Wills, Lisa M. Grayson, Esq., Republican
- Sheriff, R. Ron Anderson, Republican
- Treasurer, John Gross, Republican
- Glen Grell, Republican, 87th district
- Sheryl M. Delozier, Republican, 88th district
- Rob Kauffman, Republican, 89th district
- Mike Regan, Republican, 92nd district
- Stephen Bloom, Republican, 199th district
- Patricia Vance, Republican, 31st district
Under Pennsylvania law, there are four types of incorporated municipalities: cities, boroughs, townships, and, in at most two cases, towns. The following boroughs and townships are located in Cumberland County:
Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well.
Colleges and universities
- Central Pennsylvania College
- Dickinson College
- Messiah College
- Penn State Dickinson School of Law
- Shippensburg University of Pennsylvania
- U.S. Army War College
Community, Junior and Technical Colleges
Public School Districts
- Big Spring School District
- Camp Hill School District
- Carlisle Area School District
- Cumberland Valley School District
- East Pennsboro Area School District
- Mechanicsburg Area School District
- Shippensburg Area School District
- South Middleton School District
- West Shore School District
Public Charter Schools
Area Vocational Technical School
Head Start PreSchool Programs
Head Start is a federally and state funded preschool program for low income children. The programs serve 3 and 4 year olds. In order to participate the family income must be below federal poverty guidelines.
- Capital Area Head Start
- Shippensburg Head Start Program
PreK Counts schools
PreK Counts is a state funded preschool program for low income and middle class children aged 3–4 years old. Low income children attend for free. Middle class children receive a partial taxpayer funded subsidy, on a sliding scale which maxes out at $66,000. In accepting these grant dollars, the provider agrees to abide by state mandates. PreK Counts is run by the Pennsylvania Office of Early Learning and Child Development.
- Mechanicsburg Area School District
- Carlisle Early Education Center
- Knowledge Learning Corporation
- Cumberland County Library System
- Amelia S. Givin Free Library
- Bosler Memorial Library
- East Pennsboro Branch Library
- Cleve J. Fredricksen Public Library
- John Graham Public Library
- New Cumberland Public Library
- Shippensburg Public Library
- Joseph T. Simpson Public Library
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Wayland F. Dunaway, The Scotch-Irish of Colonial Pennsylvania; University of North Carolina Press, 1944, p. 60.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 16, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Running for Office. Dos.state.pa.us. Retrieved on 2013-07-23.
- Palleschi, Amanda. Enrollment in cyber charter schools booming in Pennsylvania despite friction with school districts, The Patriot News, November 30, 2009
- Pennsylvania Department of Education - Operating Charter Schools in Pennsylvania Report. September 2009.
- 2009-Cumberland County Report Card Early Childhood Education. United Way of Carlisle and Cumberland County. June 2009
- ies, National Center for Education Statistics, US Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, Private School Universe Survey 2008
- County of Cumberland (official website)
- Cumberland Area Economic Development Corporation
- Carlisle Young Professionals
- Cumberland Valley Visitors Bureau
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