Cumberland Gap, Tennessee

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Cumberland Gap, Tennessee
Town
Colwyn Avenue in Cumberland Gap
Colwyn Avenue in Cumberland Gap
Location of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee
Location of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°35′56″N 83°40′2″W / 36.59889°N 83.66722°W / 36.59889; -83.66722Coordinates: 36°35′56″N 83°40′2″W / 36.59889°N 83.66722°W / 36.59889; -83.66722
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Claiborne
Area
 • Total 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Land 0.3 sq mi (0.8 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,299 ft (396 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 494
 • Density 1,600/sq mi (620/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 37724, 37752
Area code(s) 423
FIPS code 47-18880[1]
GNIS feature ID 1281829[2]
Website Town of Cumberland Gap Website

Cumberland Gap is a town in Claiborne County, Tennessee, United States. Its population was 494 at the 2010 census.[3] The town is located near the Cumberland Gap, a historic mountain pass for which the town is named, and is surrounded on all sides by the Cumberland Gap National Historical Park. Some of the town has portions within the park.

Most of the downtown area is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as Cumberland Gap Historic District.

History[edit]

In 1888, a work camp was established at Cumberland Gap by Scottish-born entrepreneur Alexander Arthur (1846–1912) to house workers needed to build a tunnel for the Knoxville, Cumberland Gap & Louisville Railroad. Arthur, who was attempting to establish a large-scale iron production operation in the Cumberland Gap region, founded the nearby cities of Middlesboro, Kentucky and Harrogate, Tennessee and the nearby community of Arthur.[4]

Geography[edit]

Cumberland Gap is located at 36°35′56″N 83°40′2″W / 36.59889°N 83.66722°W / 36.59889; -83.66722 (36.598976, -83.667318).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.3 square miles (0.78 km2), all land.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 347
1920 304 −12.4%
1930 369 21.4%
1940 409 10.8%
1950 403 −1.5%
1960 291 −27.8%
1970 231 −20.6%
1980 263 13.9%
1990 210 −20.2%
2000 204 −2.9%
2010 494 142.2%
Est. 2012 484 −2.0%
Sources:[6][7]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 204 people, 89 households, and 51 families residing in the town. The population density was 629.9 people per square mile (246.1/km²). There were 111 housing units at an average density of 342.8 per square mile (133.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 99.02% White and 0.98% Native American.

There were 89 households out of which 25.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 6.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.6% were non-families. 34.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the town the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 23.0% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $36,250, and the median income for a family was $40,625. Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $17,083 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,005. About 9.3% of families and 23.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.7% of those under the age of eighteen and 28.6% of those sixty five or over.

Education[edit]

There are no schools in the town limits, but Cumberland Gap High School located southwest of Harrogate, Tennessee is in Cumberland Gap's 37724 zip code.

Lincoln Memorial University is located in nearby Harrogate.

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ Tennessee Department of Economic and Community Development, Certified Population of Tennessee Incorporated Municipalities and Counties, State of Tennessee official website, 14 July 2011. Retrieved: 6 December 2013.
  4. ^ Carolyn Sakowski, Touring the East Tennessee Backroads (Winston-Salem: J.F. Blair, 1993), pp. 178-179.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  7. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.