|Date||4 February 1939|
The Cummeragunja Mission was mostly home to Yorta Yorta people who had been relocated in the late 19th century from the Maloga Mission. In January 1935, according to W B Payne, a Church of Christ[disambiguation needed] missioner, Christian churches were indifferent and neglecting aboriginals at the mission, "While thousands of pounds were being raised for missions in foreign countries the aborigines in Australia were regarded as outcasts". Over the years, the New South Wales government had tightened its control on the operation of the mission. By late 1938 people had become unhappy with the management of the mission, living conditions and restrictions on their movement.
On 4 February 1939, when Jack Patten was arrested and removed from the mission after trying to address the local people, as many as 200 residents of the Cummeragunja Mission walked out of the mission and crossed the Murray River leaving the state of New South Wales. This was in contravention of rules set by the New South Wales Aboriginal Protection Board.
In October 2010, the opera Pecan Summer, based on the walk-off, opened in Mooroopna, near Shepparton. Deborah Cheetham – whose uncle Jimmy Little was born at Cummeragunja Mission – wrote, composed and performed in this production by the Short Black Opera Company.
- "Aborigines Neglected – Missioner's Complaint – Churches not Doing Enough". The Mercury (Davies Brothers Ltd). 22 January 1935. Retrieved 4 April 2012.
- "Cummeragunja – Mission History". Mission Voices. ABC Online. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "Struggle for Justice". Mission Voices. ABC Online. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "New DVD tells story of Shepparton Koori Community". Victorian Department of the Attorney General. 23 April 2008. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "NSW Station – Man Convicted". The Argus (National Library of Australia). 11 March 1939. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "Cummeragunja Mission – Significant Events". Mission Voices. ABC Online. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- Short Black Opera Company proudly presents Pecan Summer – World Premiere (retrieved 10 October 2010)
- "Rehearsals and talent search for first Indigenous opera". AM (ABC Radio National). 18 September 2009. Retrieved 19 November 2009.
- "Pecan Summer Pt 1: Empowering Voices". Message Stick. ABC Television. 15 November 2009. Retrieved 19 November 2009.