Cunard-White Star Line
|Predecessor||White Star Line
|Headquarters||Liverpool, United Kingdom|
|Percy Bates (Chairman)|
|Owner||Cunard Line (62%) and White Star Line (38%)|
Cunard-White Star Line, Ltd. was a British shipping line which existed briefly between 1934 and 1949, due to the merger between the Cunard Line and the White Star Line after both companies experienced financial difficulties. Cunard-White Star controlled a total of twenty-five ships (with Cunard contributing fifteen ships and White Star ten). Both Cunard and White Star were in dire financial trouble, and were looking to complete enormous liners: White Star had RMS Oceanic III and Cunard had Hull 534, which would later become RMS Queen Mary. Because of Hull 534, Cunard shareholders owned 62% of Cunard-White Star, while White Star shareholders owned the remaining 38%.
Previously being in a better state then their White Star counterparts, Cunard Line shareholders began absorbing all White Star assets; as a result, most White Star Liners began disappearing from the company to the breakers' yard. White Star's Australia and New Zealand service ships were donated to the Shaw, Savill & Ablion Line in 1934. A year after this, the RMS Olympic, one of White Star's most beloved liners and the last of her class, was sold for scrap.
In 1947, Cunard shareholders acquired the 38% of Cunard-White Star they didn't already own and in 1949 bought out the entire company, operating individually as the Cunard Line. However, both the Cunard and White Star house flags were flown on the company's liners at the time of the merger and thereafter. However, the Cunard flag was flown above the White Star flag, even on the last two original White Star Liners, RMS Georgic and RMS Britannic. Georgic was scrapped in 1956. Britannic made the final Liverpool-New York crossing of any White Star Liner from New York on November 25, 1960, and returned to Liverpool for the final time under her own power to the ship breakers. She was the last White Star Liner in existence, and was then proceeded by the passenger tender SS Nomadic (which was also owned by the company) as the last White Star Line ship.
Despite this, all Cunard Line ships flew both the Cunard and White Star Line house flags on their masts until 1968. This was most likely because Nomadic remained in service with Cunard until this year, and was sent to the breakers' yard, only to be bought for use as a floating restaurant. After this, all remnants of the company were dissolved.
Cunard Line from that point on operated as a separate entity until 2005, when it was absorbed as a subsidiary into Carnival Corporation. The company has three ships: two cruise ships (MS Queen Elizabeth and MS Queen Victoria) and one ocean liner (RMS Queen Mary 2). These vessels use the term White Star Service to describe the care passengers can expect from staff on board as a lasting reminder of the White Star Line. The Cunard Line staff also attend the White Star Academy prior to working on these ships, in order to provide such exemplary service. Nomadic also survives, and is undergoing restoration work in her city of birth, Belfast, Northern Ireland. She and the Queen Mary are the only surviving Cunard-White Star Line ships. Queen Mary is permanently berthed in Long Beach, California as a hotel and tourist attraction.
|Ship||Built||In service for Cunard White Star Line||Tonnage|
|RMS Olympic||1911||1934–35||45,324 GRT|
|RMS Mauretania||1906||1934–35||31,950 GRT|
|RMS Adriatic||1907||Never entered service||24,541 GRT|
|RMS Berengaria||1913||1934–38||51,950 GRT|
|RMS Homeric||1913||1934–35||35,000 GRT|
|RMS Aquitania||1914||1934–49||45,650 GRT|
|RMS Majestic||1914||1934-36||56,551 GRT|
|RMS Scythia||1921||1934–49||19,700 GRT|
|RMS Samaria||1922||1934–49||19,700 GRT|
|RMS Laconia||1922||1934–42||19,700 GRT|
|RMS Antonia||1922||1934–42||13,900 GRT|
|RMS Lancastria||1922||1934–40||16,250 GRT|
|RMS Aurania||1924||1934–42||14,000 GRT|
|RMS Carinthia||1925||1934–40||20,200 GRT|
|Calgaric||1927||Never entered service||16,063 GRT|
|RMS Britannic||1929||1934–49||26,943 GRT|
|RMS Georgic||1932||1934–49||27,759 GRT|
|RMS Queen Mary||1936||1936–49||80,750 GRT|
|RMS Queen Elizabeth||1940||1940–49||83,650 GRT|
|RMS Media||1947||1947–49||13,350 GRT|
|RMS Parthia||1947||1947–49||13,350 GRT|
|RMS Caronia||1949||1949||34,200 GRT|