Cuneo

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This article is about the town in Italy. For the former settlement in California, see Cuneo, California. For persons named Cuneo, see Cuneo (surname). For the infantry division, see 6 Infantry Division Cuneo.
Cuneo
Comune
Città di Cuneo
Church of St. Francis.
Church of St. Francis.
Coat of arms of Cuneo
Coat of arms
Cuneo is located in Italy
Cuneo
Cuneo
Location of Cuneo in Italy
Coordinates: 44°23′22″N 7°32′52″E / 44.38944°N 7.54778°E / 44.38944; 7.54778Coordinates: 44°23′22″N 7°32′52″E / 44.38944°N 7.54778°E / 44.38944; 7.54778
Country Italy
Region Piemonte
Province Cuneo (CN)
Frazioni Bombonina, Borgo San Giuseppe, Cerialdo, Confreria, Madonna delle Grazie, Madonna dell'Olmo, Passatore, Roata Canale, Roata Rossi, Ronchi, San Benigno, San Pietro del Gallo, San Rocco Castagnaretta, Spinetta, Tetti Pesio
Government
 • Mayor Federico Borgna (from 2012)
Area
 • Total 119 km2 (46 sq mi)
Elevation 500 m (1,600 ft)
Highest elevation 620 m (2,030 ft)
Lowest elevation 420 m (1,380 ft)
Population (30 April 2009)
 • Total 55,308
 • Density 460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
Demonym Cuneesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 12100
Dialing code 0171
Patron saint Saint Michael
Saint day September 29
Website Official website

Cuneo About this sound listen  (Coni in Piedmontese) is a city and comune in Piedmont, Northern Italy, the capital of the province of Cuneo, the third largest of Italy’s provinces by area.

It is located at 550 metres (1,804 ft) in the south-west of Piedmont on a triangular plateau (italian word "cuneo" meaning wedge, triangular prism) at the confluence of the rivers Stura di Demonte and Gesso.[1][2][3]

Including all bordering municipalities Beinette, Borgo San Dalmazzo, Boves, Busca, Caraglio, Castelletto Stura, Centallo, Cervasca, Morozzo, Peveragno, Tarantasca and Vignolo the population is 123,301 inhabitants.[4]

It is near six important mountain passes:

History[edit]

Cuneo was founded in 1198 by the local population, who declared it an independent commune, freeing themselves from the authority of the bishops of Asti and the marquisses of Montferrat and Saluzzo. In 1210 the latter occupied it, and in 1231 the Cuneesi rebelled. In 1238 they were recognized as free commune by Emperor Frederick II.

In 1259 the independence of Cuneo ceased forever, as it gave itself, also to take protection against its more powerful neighbours, to Charles I of Anjou, who was then King of Naples and Count of Provence. Together with Alba, it was the main Angevine possession in northern Italy; their rule (in fact interrupted by periods under Saluzzo, Savoy, the Visconti of Milan) ended in 1382 when Cuneo was acquired by the Duchy of Savoy.

Cuneo became an important stronghold of the expanding Savoy state, and was thus besieged by France several times: first in 1515 by Swiss troops of Francis I of France, then again in 1542, 1557, 1639, 1641, 1691 and, during the War of Austrian Succession, in 1741. In all the sieges Cuneo resisted successfully. Cuneo was conquered by France only during the Napoleonic Wars, when it was made the capital of the Stura department. After the restoration of the Kingdom of Sardinia, and the unification of Italy, Cuneo became the capital of its namesake province in 1859.

During World War II, from 1943 to 1945, it was one of the main centres of partisan resistance against the German occupation of Italy.

Climate[edit]

Cuneo has a temperate sub-continental climate, with cold winters and hot, dry summers. However, it is situated more than 500 metres (1,640 feet) above sea level, which helps to make summers more bearable: the hottest month, July, has an average temperature of 21.6 °C (70.9 °F). The coldest, January, averages −1.1 °C (30.0 °F). Annual precipitation is about 950 mm (37.4 in), distributed over 81 days. The rainfall pattern is similar to that of Turin, with two maxima—one primary and one secondary (spring and autumn) and two minima (summer and winter). The driest month is July, 44 millimetres (1.7 in). Snowfalls are frequent owing to high elevation and wind patterns.

Climate data for Cuneo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 5.3
(41.5)
7.0
(44.6)
10.9
(51.6)
14.7
(58.5)
19.1
(66.4)
23.6
(74.5)
26.6
(79.9)
25.4
(77.7)
21.5
(70.7)
15.4
(59.7)
9.6
(49.3)
6.3
(43.3)
15.45
(59.81)
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.7
(35.1)
3.1
(37.6)
6.7
(44.1)
10.4
(50.7)
14.5
(58.1)
18.7
(65.7)
21.6
(70.9)
20.7
(69.3)
17.2
(63)
11.6
(52.9)
6.2
(43.2)
2.9
(37.2)
11.27
(52.32)
Average low °C (°F) −1.8
(28.8)
−0.7
(30.7)
2.6
(36.7)
6.1
(43)
9.9
(49.8)
13.9
(57)
16.6
(61.9)
16.1
(61)
13.0
(55.4)
7.8
(46)
2.9
(37.2)
−0.4
(31.3)
7.17
(44.9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 52
(2.05)
51
(2.01)
88
(3.46)
116
(4.57)
126
(4.96)
88
(3.46)
44
(1.73)
53
(2.09)
77
(3.03)
109
(4.29)
94
(3.7)
64
(2.52)
962
(37.87)
Avg. rainy days 5 5 8 9 10 8 5 5 6 8 7 5 81
[citation needed]

Main sights[edit]

  • Villa Oldofredi Tadini, built in the 14th and 15th centuries as a watchtower. It is now a museum housing collections of the owners, the Mocchia and Oldofredi Tadini families.
  • Villa Tornaforte, surrounded by an English-style park.
  • Civic Museum
  • Railway Museum
  • Churches of Santa Croce, San Giovanni Decollato and Santissima Annunziata, housing paintings by Giovan Francesco Gaggini.
  • Panoramic funicolar that connects plateau to Gesso river.[5]
  • Monument of Stura and Gesso in Torino Square
  • The median way of the plateau (Rome Avenue, Galimberti Square and Nice Avenue): the commercial heart of Cuneo.[6]
  • Nuvolari Libera Tribù: the longest summer's musical festival, near river Gesso [7]
  • Monument at Peano's curve
  • Palazzo Uffici Finanziari (PUF), highest edifice in the city at about 50 metres (160 ft)[8]

Subdivisions[edit]

Centro storico, Cuneo centro, Cuneo nuova, San Paolo, Donatello, Gramsci, San Rocco, Cerialdo, Confreria and Borgo San Giuseppe.[9]

Notable people[edit]

Cuisine and food[edit]

Cuneo's specialty is Cuneesi al rhum, chocolates with a unique rum-based filling. The most famous brand is Arione, located in Piazza Galimberti (the city's central square). Arione, founded in 1923, has kept its traditional furniture and old world appearance to this day, projecting timeless old-fashioned elegance. Many famous people have stopped by to taste the famous Cuneesi al rhum, including the famous writer Ernest Hemingway in 1954.[citation needed]

Sport[edit]

Volleyball[edit]

There is an important volleyball club, Piemonte Volley who won 1 Italian Volleyball League, 3 CEV Cup, 2 CEV SuperCup, 4 Italian Volleyball Cup and 3 Italian Volleyball SuperCup.

Football[edit]

Associazione Calcio Cuneo 1905 (A.C. Cuneo 1905) who plays in the 3° level of Italian football.

Cycling[edit]

Many times stage of Giro d'Italia.

See also[edit]

Twinnings[edit]

Cuneo is also twinned with the contrada della Selva of Siena, Italy.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Piedmont". Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  2. ^ "plateau of wedge shape". Comune di Cuneo. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  3. ^ "Cuneo Old Town". Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  4. ^ "inhabitants Cuneo and bordering municipalities". Comuniverso.it. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  5. ^ Comune di Cuneo - Portale Istituzionale - Ascensore panoramico verso Piscina Comunale
  6. ^ Comune di Cuneo - Portale Istituzionale - Foto Gallery
  7. ^ Nuvolari libera tribù
  8. ^ La Stampa.it Panorama Cuneo
  9. ^ "Quartieri di Cuneo" (in Italian). Comune di Cuneo. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 
  10. ^ Nutorevelli.org
  11. ^ "Villes jumelées avec la Ville de Nice" (in French). Ville de Nice. Retrieved 2013-06-24. 

External links[edit]