|This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Italian Wikipedia. (November 2011)|
|— Comune —|
|Città di Cuneo|
|Frazioni||Bombonina, Borgo San Giuseppe, Cerialdo, Confreria, Madonna delle Grazie, Madonna dell'Olmo, Passatore, Roata Canale, Roata Rossi, Ronchi, San Benigno, San Pietro del Gallo, San Rocco Castagnaretta, Spinetta, Tetti Pesio|
|• Mayor||Federico Borgna (from 2012)|
|• Total||119 km2 (46 sq mi)|
|Elevation||534 m (1,752 ft)|
|Population (30 April 2009)|
|• Density||460/km2 ( 1,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Saint Michael|
|Saint day||September 29|
Cuneo listen (help·info) (Coni in Piedmontese) is a city and comune in Piedmont, Northern Italy, the capital of the province of Cuneo, the third largest of Italy’s provinces by area. It is located at the foot of the Maritime Alps, on the Stura di Demonte river where it emerges from the Valle Stura, and neighbours the municipalities of Boves, Busca, Cervasca, Vignolo, Beinette, Peveragno, Castelletto Stura, Caraglio and Tarantasca.
Cuneo was founded in 1198 by the local population, who declared it an independent commune, freeing themselves from the authority of the bishops of Asti and the marquisses of Montferrat and Saluzzo. In 1210 the latter occupied it, and in 1231 the Cuneesi rebelled. In 1238 they were recognized as free commune by Emperor Frederick II.
In 1259 the independence of Cuneo ceased forever, as it gave itself, also to take protection against its more powerful neighbours, to Charles I of Anjou, who was then King of Naples and Count of Provence. Together with Alba, it was the main Angevine possession in northern Italy; their rule (in fact interrupted by periods under Saluzzo, Savoy, the Visconti of Milan) ended in 1382 when Cuneo was acquired by the Duchy of Savoy.
Cuneo became an important stronghold of the expanding Savoy state, and was thus besieged by France several times: first in 1515 by Swiss troops of Francis I of France, then again in 1542, 1557, 1639, 1641, 1691 and, during the War of Austrian Succession, in 1741. In all the sieges Cuneo resisted successfully. Cuneo was conquered by France only during the Napoleonic Wars, when it was made the capital of the Stura dèpartment. After the restoration of the Kingdom of Sardinia, and the unification of Italy, Cuneo became the capital of its namesake province in 1859.
During World War II, from 1943 to 1945, it was one of the main centres of partisan resistance against the German occupation of Italy.
Cuneo has a temperate sub-continental climate, with cold winters and hot, dry summers. However, it is situated more than 500 meters above sea level, which helps to make summers more bearable: the hottest month, July, has an average temperature of 21.6 °C (71 °F). The coldest, January, averages −1.1 °C (30 °F). Annual precipitation is about 950 mm, distributed over 81 days. The rainfall pattern is very similar to that of Turin, with two maxima—one primary and one secondary (spring and autumn) and two minima (summer and winter). The driest month falls in summer (July, 44 mm). Snowfalls are frequent owing to high altitude and wind patterns. ((cn))
Main sights 
- Villa Oldofredi Tadini, built in the 14th-15th century as a watchtower. It is now a museum housing collections of the owners, the Mocchia and Oldofredi Tadini families.
- Villa Tornaforte, surrounded by an English-style park.
- Civic Museum
- Railway Museum
- Churches of Santa Croce, San Giovanni Decollato and Santissima Annunziata, housing paintings by Giovan Francesco Gaggini.
Notable people 
- Annibale Santorre di Rossi de Pomarolo, Count of Santarosa (1783–1825), early Risorgimento leader.
- Franco Andrea Bonelli (1784–1830), ornithologist, entomologist and collector.
- Giuseppe Peano (1858–1932), mathematician.
- Giorgio Federico Ghedini (1892–1965), composer.
- Tancredi "Duccio" Galimberti (in Italian) (1906–1944), a lawyer, against fascists, Italian National Hero.
- Nuto Revelli (1919–2004), partisan and writer.
- Alviero Martini (born c.1940), fashion designer.
- Cesare Damiano (born 1948), politician.
- Carlo Petrini (born 22 June 1949), born in the province of Cuneo in the commune of Bra in Italy, is the founder of the International Slow Food Movement. In 2004, he founded the University of Gastronomic Sciences, a school intended to bridge the gap between agriculture and gastronomy.
- Piergiorgio Odifreddi (born 1950), mathematician, logician and aficionado of the history of science.
- Livia Turco (born 1955), politician.
- Francesco Pejrone (born 1941), dentist, former president of Bertello SpA a bankrupt manufacturing company.
- Michele Ferrero (born 1925) patriarch of Italian chocolate dynasty Ferrero Group. He inherited the company from his father Pietro in the 1950s and turned it into one of the world's largest confectionery makers, whose brands include Ferrero Rocher hazelnut chocolates, Nutella and Tic Tac. It operates more than 70 affiliated companies, has 15 production plants and employs nearly 22,000 people worldwide. Michele Ferrero's son Pietro died in 2011, leaving his surviving son, Giovanni, as the sole CEO of the group. Driven by strong sales in Russia, the U.S., and Brazil, revenue rose 9.1% in 2011 to $9.6 billion. That increase pushed up the value of the group, and Ferrero's net worth, by $1.4 billion since last year.
Cuisine and food 
Cuneo's specialty is Cuneesi al rhum, chocolates with a unique rum-based filling. The most famous brand is Arione, located in Piazza Galimberti (the city's central square). Arione, founded in 1923, has kept its traditional furniture and old world appearance to this day, projecting timeless old-fashioned elegance. Many famous people have stopped by to taste the famous Cuneesi al rhum, including the famous writer Ernest Hemingway in 1954.
See also 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Cuneo|
- Cuneo homepage, comune.cuneo.it (Italian)
- Giornale di informazione della Provincia di Cuneo, grandain.com (Italian)
- Parco Fluviale Gesso e Stura, parcofluviale.cuneo.it (Italian)