Cunningham Cabin

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Cunningham Cabin
Cunningham Cabin in Jackson Hole.JPG
Cunningham Cabin is located in Wyoming
Cunningham Cabin
Nearest city Moose, Wyoming
Coordinates 43°46′44″N 110°33′28″W / 43.77889°N 110.55778°W / 43.77889; -110.55778Coordinates: 43°46′44″N 110°33′28″W / 43.77889°N 110.55778°W / 43.77889; -110.55778
Built 1885
Architectural style Other
Governing body National Park Service
MPS Grand Teton National Park MPS
NRHP Reference # 73000225
Added to NRHP October 2, 1973[1]

The Cunningham Cabin is a double-pen log cabin in Grand Teton National Park. The cabin was built as a homestead in Jackson Hole and represents an adaptation of an Appalachian building form to the West.[2] The cabin was built just south of Spread Creek by John Pierce Cunningham, who arrived in Jackson Hole in 1885 and subsisted as a trapper until he established the small ranch in 1888.[3] The Cunninghams left the valley for Idaho in 1928, when land was being acquired for the future Grand Teton National Park.[4]

Cunningham and his wife grew about 100 acres (40 ha) of hay, later irrigating another 140 acres (57 ha) to provide feed for 100 cattle and eight horses. His brother, W. Pierce Cunningham, settled his family nearby.[5] By 1924 the Cunningham ranch comprised 560 acres (230 ha). By 1926 Cunningham had moved out of cattle and was raising sheep on the land.[6]

J. Pierce Cunningham was one of the original county commissioners chosen when Teton County was organized in 1923. He was also, at various times, justice of the peace, postmaster and game warden.[7]

After 1895 the Cunninghams, who had built a more commodious house, used the cabin as a barn or a smithy. A small fortification was erected in 1895 during unrest involving the Bannack Indians. Traces of foundations survive. The cabin was the scene of a shootout in 1899 between a Montana posse and two horse thieves, who were killed at the scene. The dead men, who had worked for Cunningham the previous season, were buried in unmarked graves nearby.[7][8]

Description[edit]

The cabin is a sod-roofed double-pen or dog-trot style building with a room on either side of the central breezeway or "dog-trot." The form is Appalachian in origin.[7] No nails or metal fastenings were used in the cabin's construction. The cabin was reconstructed in 1956, resetting the wall logs after replacing the sill logs and rebuilding the roof. The logs are saddle-V-notched at the corners. The site comprises 10 acres (4.0 ha), including the cabin, 1890 house site, fort site, barn site, bunkhouse and outbuildings sites, as well as pits that may have been wells or privies.[6] The cabin measures about 41.5 feet (12.6 m) by 15.25 feet (4.65 m). Two rooms both open into the breezeway, each room with two windows facing northeast and southwest. The south room was the living quarters, the north was used as a forge.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2008-04-15. 
  2. ^ "Cunningham Cabin". National Register of Historic Places. Wyoming State Preservation Office. 2008-08-12. 
  3. ^ "The Pioneers: Homesteading in Jackson Hole, 1884-1900". A Place Called Jackson Hole: A Historic Resource Study of Grand Teton National Park. National Park Service. 2008-08-12. 
  4. ^ Kaiser, Harvey (1997). Landmarks in the Landscape. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. p. 158. ISBN 0-8118-1854-3. 
  5. ^ "Chapter 6: The Pioneers: Homesteading in Jackson Hole, 1884-1900". A Place Called Jackson Hole: A Historic Resource Study of Grand Teton National Park. National Park Service. 2008-08-12. Retrieved April 15, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c DeHaas, John N., Jr. (June 1967). "Cunningham Cabin". Historic American Buildings Survey. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. p. 3. Retrieved 15 April 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c Dosch, Donald F. (March 12, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Cunningham Cabin". National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  8. ^ Fryxell, Roald (1960). "The Affair at Cunningham's Ranch". Campfire Tales of Jackson Hole. National Park Service. Retrieved 16 April 2011. 

External links[edit]