Cunninghamellaceae

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Cunninghamellaceae
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Fungi
Order: Mucorales
Family: Cunninghamellaceae
Naumov ex R.K. Benj.
Type genus
Cunninghamella
Matr.
Genera

Cunninghamellaceae is a family of fungi in the Mucorales order.[1]

Brief Taxonomic History[edit]

At one time, this family contained four genera.[2] At present, the number of genera in this family is under debate. [3] According to Benny and Alexopoulos, the family only contains the genus Cunninghamella. [3] [4] However, other (recent) authors have listed other genera, including Absidia, Halteromyces, and Hesseltinella. [5] The full list can be viewed at the webpage Cunninghamellaceae maintained by Gerald L. Benny.

Morphology[edit]

Hyphae are coenocytic and produce sporangiophores covered in calcium oxalate. Sporangiophores give rise to pedicellate, unispored sporangia.[4] In many cases, the wall of the sporangium and the spore have fused.[6] Zygospores tend to be ornamented and reddish-brown with opposed suspensors.[4]

Ecology[edit]

Cunninghamella species are commonly encountered in forest soils, dung,[4] and nuts from the tropics.[2] Species can be isolated using Czapek agar incubated for 3–4 days at 28-31C.[7] A few species are known human pathogens.[4]

Notable Species[edit]

Cunninghamella elegans

Cunninghamella bertholletiae

Cunninghamella echinulata

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cunninghamellaceae". 
  2. ^ a b Hesseltine C. W. & J. J. Ellis. 1973. Mucorales. in: The Fungi: An Advanced Treatise. Volume 5B. A Taxonomic Review with Keys: Basidiomycetes and Lowr Fungi. Academic Press. New York. pg. 187-217.
  3. ^ a b http://zygomycetes.org/index.php?id=42
  4. ^ a b c d e Alexopoulos C. J., C. W. Mims, & M. Blackwell. 1996. Introductory Mycology. Fourth Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  5. ^ Walther, G., Pawlowska, J., Alastruey-Izquierdo, A., Wrzosek, M., Rodriguez-Tudela, J. L., Dolatabadi, S., ... & de Hoog, G. S. (2013). DNA barcoding in Mucorales: an inventory of biodiversity. Persoonia-Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Fungi, 30(1), 11-47.
  6. ^ Kendrick, Bryce. 2000. The Fifth Kingdom. Third Edition. Focus Publishing & R. Pullins Company. Newburyport, MA.
  7. ^ Mycology Guidebook Committee, Mycological Society of America. 1981. Mycology Guidebook. Editor: Russel B. Stevens. University of Washington Press Seattle, Washington.