||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (July 2012)|
Kuchkabals of Yucatan after 1461.
|Historical era||post classic / Early Modern|
Cupul or Kupul, (Maya: Kupul, 'toponímico; adjective') was the name of a Maya chiefdom at time of the Spanish conquest of Yucatán. Cupul was one of the most extensive and densely populated Maya provinces on the Yucatán Peninsula. It was formed in the mid-fifteenth century after the fall of Mayapan and reached its maximum power during the sixteenth century, at the time of their own led by the Spanish conquest led by the adelantado Francisco de Montejo. According to the Encyclopedia Yucatán in time, the Mayan voice ku-pul, means that throws the bouncing, giving a connotation referring to the Mayan ballplayers that existed in the region.
Normally each Kuchkabal had a capital where the ruler and supreme priest lived. The ruler was called a Halach Uinik . Each Kuckabal was divided into several municipalities called "Batalib" which in turn were governed by officials called " Batab "who were usually relatives of the Halach Uinik. Each Batab, was the military leader of its population.
On the religious side, after Halach Uinik, was the Ah Kin May, and the regular priests Ah Kin(meaning coming from the Sun). Also there was a sacrificial priest called "Ah Nacom".
The League of Mayapan
See The League of Mayapan
Since the tenth century the thenth century The League of Mayapan had been the main power in The Yucatan Peninsula. In 1440 the governor of Cupul, Ek Balam founded a town of the same name.
The end of the League
In 1441 the league had a civil war betweenthe Cocom and Tutul Xiues. The rest of the league took advantage of the war, and rebelled. By 1461 The League of Mayapan had been completely disintegrated into seventeen Kuchkabals.
- Barrera Vásquez, Alfredo, et al. (1980), Cordemex, ed., Maya Dictionary - Spanish - Maya, Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico., P. 354, "Kupul: Yucatan province more densely populated and one of the most extensive during the Spanish conquest»
- Casares Canton, Raul; Duch Colell, Juan ; Antochiw Kolpa, Michel ; Fenced Zavala, Silvio et al. (1998). Yucatán in time. Mérida, Yucatán. pp. 362 (Vol. 2). ISBN 970 9071 April 1.