Cura (genus)

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Cura
Cura foremanii.jpg
Cura foremanii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Order: Tricladida
Suborder: Continenticola
Family: Dugesiidae
Genus: Cura
Strand, 1942[1]
Species[2]

Cura is a genus of freshwater flatworm (triclad) belonging to the family Dugesiidae.

Cura was ranked as a subgenus of Dugesia until 1974, then it was upgraded to the genus rank.[3]

Description[edit]

Individuals of this genus have a low triangle-shaped head.[4]

Distribution[edit]

Cura species present a disjunct distribution. C. foremanii inhabits North America,[5] while C. fortis is found in New Zealand,[6] and C. pinguis in Australia, New Zealand,[6] and New Caledonia.[7]

Phylogeny[edit]

Phylogenetic tree including five dugesiid genera after Álvarez-Presas et al., 2008:[8]

Dugesiidae

Girardia




Neppia




Cura




Schmidtea



Dugesia






References[edit]

  1. ^ Strand E., 1942. Miscellanea nomenclatoria zoologica et palaeontologica. X. Folia Zool. Hydrobiol., 11: 386-402
  2. ^ Tyler S, Schilling S, Hooge M, and Bush LF (comp.) (2006-2012) Turbellarian taxonomic database. Version 1.7 Database
  3. ^ Ball, I. R. 1974. A new genus of freshwater triclad from Tasmania with reviews of the related genera Cura and Neppia (Turbellaria, Tricladida). Life Sci. Contr. R. Ont. Mus. No. 99:1-48.
  4. ^ Ball IR: A contribution to the phylogeny and biogeography of the freshwater triclads (Platyhelminthes: Turbellaria). Biology of the Turbellaria (Edited by: Riser NW & Morse MP). New York: McGraw-Hill New York 1974, pp.339-401.
  5. ^ Ball, I. N. R.; Fernando, C. H. (1969). "Freshwater Triclads (Platyhelminthes, Turbellaria) and Continental Drift". Nature 221 (5186): 1143–1144. doi:10.1038/2211143a0. PMID 4975274.  edit
  6. ^ a b Sluys, R., Kawakatsu, M., 2001. Contribution to an inventory of the freshwater planarians of Australia and New Zealand (Platyhelminthes, Tricladida, Dugesiidae), with distribution maps of the species examined. Beaufortia/Bull Zool Mus Univ Amsterdam 51(10):163-198
  7. ^ Kawakatsu, M., 1969. Report on freshwater and land planarians from New Caledonia. Bull. Osaka Mus. Nat. Hist., 22: 1-14
  8. ^ Álvarez-Presas, M.; Baguñà, J.; Riutort, M. (2008). "Molecular phylogeny of land and freshwater planarians (Tricladida, Platyhelminthes): From freshwater to land and back". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47 (2): 555–568. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2008.01.032. PMID 18359250.  edit