|City and Commune|
View of Curacautín
Map of the Curacautín commune in the Araucanía Region
|Coordinates (city): Coordinates:|
|Established||March 12, 1882|
|• Alcalde||Jorge Saquel Albarran (Ind.)|
|• Total||1,664.0 km2 (642.5 sq mi)|
|Elevation||542 m (1,778 ft)|
|Population (2012 Census)|
|• Density||9.9/km2 (26/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CLT (UTC−4)|
|• Summer (DST)||CLST (UTC−3)|
|Area code(s)||56 + 45|
|Website||Municipality of Curacautín|
Curacautín, which means "Gathering Stone" in Mapudungun, is a commune and city in the Chilean province of Malleco. Curacautín is located 90 kilometres northeast of Temuco, in a valley near the volcanoes Tolhuaca, Lonquimay and Llaima, all of which can be seen from the city. Historically, it served as a highway of sorts for the Pehuenches that lived on either side of the Andes mountain range.
The fort at Curacautín was founded on March 12, 1882 by Gregorio Urrutia Venegas.
Between 1913 and 1915, two important structures (the railroad and the Greater City Hall) were built. In 1938, Mosso plywood factory began production, being the fist in Chile to export plywood. This, coupled with the railroad, allowed products to be shipped all over Chile as well as internationally. This factory was one of the main employers of the commune, having a big impact in every aspect of the city. In 2000, FOCURA (formerly Mosso) its declares in bankruptcy, ending an era in Curacautín.
According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Curacautín spans an area of 1,664.0 km2 (642 sq mi) and has 16,970 inhabitants (8,310 men and 8,660 women). Of these, 12,412 (73.1%) lived in urban areas and 4,558 (26.9%) in rural areas. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population fell by 6.4% (1,165 persons).
As a commune, Curacautín is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Jorge Saquel Albarran (Ind.).
Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Curacautín is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Enrique Estay (UDI) and Fuad Chahín (PDC) as part of the 49th electoral district, (together with Victoria, Lonquimay, Melipeuco, Vilcún, Lautaro, Perquenco and Galvarino). The commune is represented in the Senate by Alberto Espina Otero (RN) and Jaime Quintana Leal (PPD) as part of the 14th senatorial constituency (Araucanía-North).
- (Spanish) "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades". Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- (Spanish) "Municipality of Curacautín". Retrieved 7 February 2011.
- (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 8 September 2010.
- (Spanish) Municipality of Curacautín