Curacautín

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Curacautín
Fuerte Curacautín
City and Commune
View of Curacautín
View of Curacautín
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Map of the Curacautín commune in the Araucanía Region
Map of the Curacautín commune in the Araucanía Region
Curacautín is located in Chile
Curacautín
Curacautín
Location in Chile
Coordinates (city): 38°26′S 71°53′W / 38.433°S 71.883°W / -38.433; -71.883Coordinates: 38°26′S 71°53′W / 38.433°S 71.883°W / -38.433; -71.883
Country Chile
Region Araucanía Region
Province Malleco Province
Established March 12, 1882
Government[1][2]
 • Type Municipality
 • Alcalde Jorge Saquel Albarran (Ind.)
Area[3]
 • Total 1,664.0 km2 (642.5 sq mi)
Elevation 542 m (1,778 ft)
Population (2012 Census)[3]
 • Total 16,508
 • Density 9.9/km2 (26/sq mi)
 • Urban 12,412
 • Rural 4,558
Demonym Curacautinense(s)
Sex[3]
 • Men 8310
 • Women 8660
Time zone CLT (UTC−4)
 • Summer (DST) CLST (UTC−3)
Postal Code 4700000
Area code(s) 56 + 45
Website Municipality of Curacautín

Curacautín, which means "Gathering Stone" in Mapudungun, is a commune and city in the Chilean province of Malleco. Curacautín is located 90 kilometres northeast of Temuco, in a valley near the volcanoes Tolhuaca, Lonquimay and Llaima, all of which can be seen from the city. Historically, it served as a highway of sorts for the Pehuenches that lived on either side of the Andes mountain range.

Volcanic Origin[edit]

This area is valued for its natural beauty. Conguillío and Tolhuaca National Parks; Malleco, Malalcahuello, and Nalcas National Reserves are all close by

History[edit]

The fort at Curacautín was founded on March 12, 1882 by Gregorio Urrutia Venegas.

Between 1913 and 1915, two important structures (the railroad and the Greater City Hall) were built. In 1938, Mosso plywood factory began production, being the fist in Chile to export plywood. This, coupled with the railroad, allowed products to be shipped all over Chile as well as internationally. This factory was one of the main employers of the commune, having a big impact in every aspect of the city. In 2000, FOCURA (formerly Mosso) its declares in bankruptcy, ending an era in Curacautín.[4]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2002 census of the National Statistics Institute, Curacautín spans an area of 1,664.0 km2 (642 sq mi) and has 16,970 inhabitants (8,310 men and 8,660 women). Of these, 12,412 (73.1%) lived in urban areas and 4,558 (26.9%) in rural areas. Between the 1992 and 2002 censuses, the population fell by 6.4% (1,165 persons).[3]

Administration[edit]

As a commune, Curacautín is a third-level administrative division of Chile administered by a municipal council, headed by an alcalde who is directly elected every four years. The 2008-2012 alcalde is Jorge Saquel Albarran (Ind.).[1][2]

Within the electoral divisions of Chile, Curacautín is represented in the Chamber of Deputies by Enrique Estay (UDI) and Fuad Chahín (PDC) as part of the 49th electoral district, (together with Victoria, Lonquimay, Melipeuco, Vilcún, Lautaro, Perquenco and Galvarino). The commune is represented in the Senate by Alberto Espina Otero (RN) and Jaime Quintana Leal (PPD) as part of the 14th senatorial constituency (Araucanía-North).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Spanish) "Asociación Chilena de Municipalidades". Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b (Spanish) "Municipality of Curacautín". Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d (Spanish) "National Statistics Institute". Retrieved 8 September 2010. 
  4. ^ http://historiadecuracautin.blogspot.com/2007/10/historia-fabrica-mosso.html

External links[edit]